Arsham Borumand Saeid, Hee Sik Kim and Akbar Rezaei
In this paper, we introduce a new algebra, called a BI-algebra, which is a generalization of a (dual) implication algebra and we discuss the basic properties of BI-algebras, and investigate ideals and congruence relations.
In this paper, the notion of a QI-algebra is introduced which is a generalization of a BI-algebra and there are studied its properties. We considered ideals, congruence kernels in a QI-algebra and characterized congruence kernels whenever a QI-algebra is right distributive.
In this paper we extend the notion of classical (pre-)semiadditive category to (pre-)semihyperadditive category. Algebraic hyperstructures are algebraic systems whose objects possessing the hyperoperations or multi-valued operation. We introduce categories in which for objects A and B, the class of all morphisms from A to B denoted by Mor(A, B), admits an algebraic hyperstructures, such as semihypergroup or hypergroup. In this regards we introduce the various types of pre-semihyperadditive categories. Also, we construct some (pre-)semihyperadditive categories by introducing a class of hypermodules named general Krasner hypermodules. Finally, we investigate some properties of these categories.
In this paper, we define the concepts of Engel, nilpotent and solvable BCI-algebras and investigate some of their properties. Specially, we prove that any BCK-algebra is a 2-Engel. Then we define the center of a BCI-algebra and prove that in a nilpotent BCI-algebra X, each minimal closed ideal of X is contained in the center of X. In addition, with some conditions, we show that every finite BCI-algebra is solvable. Finally, we investigate the relations among Engel, nilpotent and solvable BCI(BCK)-algebras.
Tapan Senapati, Young Bae Jun, G. Muhiuddin and K. P. Shum
In this paper, the notion of closed cubic intuitionistic ideals, cubic intuitionistic p-ideals and cubic intuitionistic a-ideals in BCI-algebras are introduced, and several related properties are investigated. Relations between cubic intuitionistic subalgebras, closed cubic intuitionistic ideals, cubic intuitionistic q-ideals, cubic intuitionistic p-ideals and cubic intuitionistic a-ideals are discussed. Conditions for a cubic intuitionistic ideal to be a cubic intuitionistic p-ideal are provided. Characterizations of a cubic intuitionistic a-ideal are considered. The cubic intuitionistic extension property for a cubic intuitionistic a-ideal is established.
Hilbert algebras are important tools for certain investigations in algebraic logic since they can be considered as fragments of any propositional logic containing a logical connective implication and the constant 1 which is considered as the logical value “true” and as a generalization of this was defined the notion of g-Hilbert algebra. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between g-Hilbert algebras, gi-algebras, implication gruopoid and BE-algebras. In fact, we show that every g-Hilbert algebra is a self distributive BE-algebras and conversely. We show cannot remove the condition self distributivity. Therefore we show that any self distributive commutative BE-algebras is a gi-algebra and any gi-algebra is strong and transitive if and only if it is a commutative BE-algebra. We prove that the MV -algebra is equivalent to the bounded commutative BE-algebra.
The purpose of this paper is to initiate the concept of n-dimensional (∈γ, ∈γ, ∨qδ)-fuzzy subalgebra in BRK-algebra and investigate some of their related properties. We also show that the relationship between n-dimensional (∈γ, ∈γ, ∨qδ)-fuzzy subalgebra and the crisp subalgebra in BRK-algebra are discussed.