Distribution and Bionomics of Udea Alpinalis (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) in Western Carpathians (Slovakia)
Here we summarize all known and new localities with occurrence of Udea alpinalis (Denis et Schiffermüller, 1775) in Slovakia. Furthermore, based on our data we discuss distribution, hypsometric claims and variability of forewings design.
Distribution of the Tick Haemaphysalis Punctata (Acari, Ixodidae) in Ukraine
The northern boundary of H. punctata range was studied. This boundary of its native range (where this species is common and its mass reproductions are periodically recorded) was found to go through Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Zaporizhia, Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts. Clarified that the boundary of its temporary range (where this species occurs periodically and is dependent on human factors totally) was clarified to go through Volyn, Rivne, Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Chernihiv and Sumy regions. The range of H. punctata is fully subjected to anthropogenic factors in areas where this species dwelt in historically recent times only, and in ancestral areas of distribution such factors affects only dynamics and indices of abundance.
. - 2009. - N 11-12. - P. 71-105. - Russian : Кожурина E. И. Конспект фауны рукокрылых России: систематика и распространение. Lanko A. I., Marinich O. M., Shcherban M. I. Physical geography of the Ukrainian SSR. - Kyiv : Radianska shkola, 1969. - 300 p. - Ukrainian : Ланько А. I., Маринич О. М., Щербань М. І. Фізична географія Української РСР. Lindeman G. N, Subbotyn A. E. About the flight of bats in the clay semideserts of Trans-Volga // Bull. Mosk. ob-va ispytat. prir. Otd. biol. - 1983. - Is. 88. - P. 88 - 90. - Russian : Линдеман Г. H, Субботин А. Е. О
The article presents the original findings of Paracoenogonimus ovatus (Katsurada,1914) in fish in the Southern Bug and the Inhul rivers in Mykolaiv Region in 2012-2014. The roach (Rutilus rutilus), silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna), bream (Abramis brama), crucian (Carassius gibelio), rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus), pike (Esox lucius), pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) were found to be infected with metacercariae of P. ovatus. Metacercariae of P. ovatus are described based on the original material. The highest prevalence of infection was observed in the roach, 82.3 %, the pike was infected in the less degree, with prevalence of 15.3 %. The infection intensity was highest in the roach, up to 247 specimens; that of the pikeperch was the lowest - 17 specimens. The highest occurrence of P. ovatus was observed in the parts of the river Southern Bug in Zhovtnevy, Mykolaiv, Novoodesky Districts, whereas in Voznesenky, Pervomaysky Discticts and in the city of Mykolaiv the occurrence was the lowest. In the area of the river Inhul the parasite was observed mostly in the waters of Bashtansky District in Mykolaiv Region.
Fauna and distribution patterns of the endohelminths of Cypriniformes from water bodies of the mid-course of the Syrdarya River were investigated. Forty-nine endohelminth species were recorded from Cypriniformes in this region, including 18 species of trematodes, 13 species of cestodes, 14 species of nematodes and 4 species of acanthocephalans. Twenty-nine species are first reported from this region. Original data on the composition and structure of endohelminth communities are given.
The family Aeolothripidae (Thysanoptera, Terebrantia) included seventeen species in four genera from Iran. Here, four species are recorded from Iran for the first time: Aeolothrips albicinctus Haliday, A. cursor Priesner, A. montivagus Priesner and A. gloriosus Bagnall. A checklist of all Iranian species of the family Aeolothripidae, with geographical distributions for each species is provided. New distribution records of eight species in Iran are reported.
Expansion of Rhipicephalus rossicus (Jakimov et Kohl-Jakimova, 1911) to the North, due to all its developmental stages have wide range of feeders (from amphibians to mammals) in the new man-made environmental conditions in the steppe and wood-and-steppe of Ukraine and the warming of climate (especially warm winters), is observed. The northern boundary of R. rossicus distribution lies in Vinnytsya, Kyiv, Poltava and Sumy Regions. R. bursa (Canestrini et Fanzago, 1878) and R. sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) occur only on the shores of the Black Sea and Sea of Azov (including the Crimea). Outbreak localities of R. sanguineus are in Kerch Peninsula (Crimea) and in the Dnieper floodplain. Both R. bursa and R. sanguineus are invasive species.
The objective laws of the natural habitat structure of European subspecies of the steppe marmot over the period of the 20–21st centuries in Rostov Region have been analyzed. Essential changes in the way of usage of nature and foremost the decrease of number of stock-raising capacities and pasture areas took place all over the territory of European subspecies of the steppe marmot natural habitat. There is no doubt that the agricultural usage of land contributed to the inhabitance of big quantity of steppe marmots, namely keeping big quantities of horses and cattle which had large territories used as pasture areas. During these periods, we can see the substantial decreases of the steppe marmot’s population despite full prohibition of hunt (since 1929 there has been no industrial hunting for steppe marmots). In first case, over a 30-year period, the steppe marmots completely disappeared from the territory of Rostov Region. The second period is not over yet. Here we can foresee two variants of the situation development. At present the period of the steppe marmot disappearance has reached its midpoint. If the quantity of cattle and horses remains the same we can surely make forecasts of continued decrease of marmot’s population. However, if a cattle breeding increases the population of steppe marmots will be able to restore its natural habitat to previous size.
Isodontia mexicana (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae), a New Invasive Wasp Species in the Fauna of Ukraine Reared from Trap-Nests in the Crimea. Fateryga, A. V., Protsenko, Yu. V., Zhidkov, V. Yu. - Th e North American wasp Isodontia mexicana was found for the first time in Ukraine in trap-nests operated near Pushkino (southern coast of the Crimea) in 2012. Th ree nests contained five cocoons, from which only one adult wasp emerged in 2013, allowing the positive identification; other cocoons were either empty (one) or destroyed by Melittobia acasta (three). Such a find of a newly established invasive species in Ukraine represents the easternmost point in its European range and possibly the most remarkable jump-dispersal event in its distribution.