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., Галактионов Ю. К. Васильев А. Г. Реализация морфологического разнооб­разия в природных популяциях млекопитающих. Faleev V. I, Epifantseva L. Yu. The morphological variability coordinated with the population cycle of the wide­ly distributed (the water vole Arvicola terrestris L.) and mountain (the big-eared vole Alticola Macrotis Radde) vole species // Biology Bulletin. - 2000. - 27, N 2. - P. 171-177. - Russian : Фалеев В. И., Епифанцева Л. Ю. Согласованная с популяционным циклом численности морфологическая изменчивость широкораспространенного (водяная полевка - Arvicola

., Kochin V. A. Fluid boundary layer as an adaptive zone for sessile protists // Zhurnal obshchei biologii. - 1997. - 58 , N 2. - P. 67-74. Dovgal I. V. The distribution and variability of Chonotrichs (Ciliophora, Chonotrichia) of Ukranian Fauna. Communication 1. Spirochona gemmipara // Vestnik zoologii. - 2000. - 34 , N 4-.-5. - P. 87-92.- Russian: Довгаль И. В. Распространение и изменчивость хонотрих (Ciliophora, Chonotrichia) фауны Украины. Сообщение 1. Spirochona gemmipara. Dovgal I. V. The distribution and variability of Chonotrichs (Ciliophora, Chonotrichia

; Pulmonata; Buliminidae) : PhD Th esis. - Kyiv, 1995. - 125 p. - Russian : Крамаренко С. С. Феноти- пическая изменчивость крымских моллюсков рода Brephulopsis Lindholm (Gastropoda; Pulmonata; Buliminidae). Kramarenko, S. S. Some aspects of the land snail Brephulopsis cylindrica ecology (Gastropoda; Buliminidae) // Vestnik zoologii. - 1997. - 31, N 4. - P. 51-54. - Russian : Крамаренко С. С. Некоторые аспекты экологии наземных моллюсков Brephulopsis cylindrica (Gastropoda; Buliminidae). Kramarenko, S. S. Peculiarities of the intra- and inter-population structure of the land

genus Unio (Bivalvia, Uniоnidae) in Ukraine // Vestnik zoologii. - 2011. - 45, N 4. - P. 307-319. - Russian : Межжерин С. В., Васильева Л. А., Жалай Е. И., Янович Л. Н. Аллозимная и конхиологическая изменчивость перловиц рода Unio (Bivalvia, Uniоnidae) в Украине. Mezhzherin, S. V., Yanovich, L. N., Zhalay, E. I. et al. Reproductive isolation of two vicarial forms of the oval pearl shell Unio crassus Philipsson, 1788 (Bivalvia, Unionidae) with low genetic diff erentiation // Proceed. Nat. Acad. of Sci. Ukraine. - 2013. - N 1. - P. 138-143. - Russian : Межжерин С. В

and unconnected habitat patches // Can. J. Zool. - 2000. - 78. - P. 864-870. Dupal T. A., Abramov S. A. Intra-population variability of the narrow-skulled vole (Microtus gregalis, Rodentia, Arvicolinae) // Zool. Zhurnal. - 2010. - 89, N 7. - P. 850-861. - Russian: Дупал Т. А., Абрамов С. A. Внутрипопуляционная изменчивость узкочерепной полевки (Microtus gregalis, Rodentia, Arvicolinae). Emelyanov I. G, Zolotukhina S. I. On the problem of distinguishing age groups in Microtus socialis Pall // Dopovidi AN UkrSSR. Ser. B. - 1975. - 7. - P. 661-663. - Ukrainian

The Variability of Exoskeleton Elements in Polyplacocystis Ambigua (Protista, Centrohelida)

The Variability of Exoskeleton Elements in Polyplacocystis ambigua (Protista, Centrohelida). Gaponova L. P., Dovgal I. V. — Article dealt with the investigation of variability of the scales of periplast in Polyplacocystis ambigua (Penard, 1904). New quantative character of periplast scale (wide of rim) was introduced. Renewed diagnosis of P. ambigua where the quantative characteristics of perilpast scales are taken into account is given.

) // Microevolutsiya presnovodnykh organismov : Trudy Instituta biologii vnutrennikh vod AN SSSR. - 1990. - Is. 59 (62). - P. 143-158. - Russian : Биочино Г. И. Полиморфизм и географическая изменчивость Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) // Микроэволюция пресноводных организмов. Biochino, G. I. Polymorphism and geographic variability // Dreissena Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) (Bivalvia, Dreissenidae): sistematica, ecologiya, practicheskoe znachenie. - Moscow : Nauka, 1994. - P. 56-66. - Russian : Биочино Г. И. Полиморфизм и географическая изменчивость. Boettiger, A., Ermentrout, B., Oster

of mammals. — Moscow: Nauka, 1966. — 364 p. — Russian: Яблоков А. В . Из-менчивость млекопитающих.

Distribution and Bionomics of Udea Alpinalis (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) in Western Carpathians (Slovakia)

Here we summarize all known and new localities with occurrence of Udea alpinalis (Denis et Schiffermüller, 1775) in Slovakia. Furthermore, based on our data we discuss distribution, hypsometric claims and variability of forewings design.


There are two porpoise stocks in the northern Black Sea: the north-western (Odessa Gulf) and northeastern (Crimean and Caucasian waters); in addition, another stock is in the Sea of Azov. The Azov porpoises are distinct in their body size and biology. This research was conducted on the skulls of stranded sexually mature porpoises from the north-eastern Black Sea, north-western Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. In the north-eastern Black Sea samples, both present-day and old-time, the sexual dimorphism of the skull size was not significant, whereas in the Sea of Azov the females were significantly larger than males. The Azov skulls were strongly different from those from the Black Sea: they were larger, proportionally wider and had the wider rostra; also, there was no significant chronological variation within the Black Sea. The Azov and Black Sea samples were classified with the 100 % success with four variables. The northwestern Black Sea skulls were somewhat intermediate in their characteristics between the Azov and northeastern Black Sea samples, but they were classify ed together with other Black Sea specimens. The difference between the Azov and Black Sea skulls was greater than between many North Atlantic populations, despite the extreme geographical proximity of the two stocks. The low variation within the Black Sea supports the earlier conclusions on the lack of genetic variation: all the Black Sea stocks are expected to be genetically similar sub-populations, whereas the Azov and Marmara stocks possibly represent the genetically distant populations. The porpoises from the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov equally show the traits which characterize the subspecies Phocoena phocoena relicta, but the Black Sea porpoises appear to be more paedomorphic in terms of ontogenetic trajectories.