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Marcin Ławniczak and Marcin Ignaczak

Abstract

The macrospatial analysis of fortified settlements in the right-bank of Ukraine allows for observations of a few regularities related to the location of sites along the rivers and watersheds. ‘Land’ settlements, e.g. Yakushyntsi or Mlynok, may have connected sites located along large watercourses, e.g. Trakhtemyriv, Rudkivtsi, which specialised in trade with the Greeks.

Open access

Marcin Ławniczak

Abstract

There are two levels of detailed characteristic of the aforementioned sites. The first is the construction aspect, such as the area of the site (within the fortifications only) and the shape of the fortifications. The second level of detailed characteristics is description and presentation of the natural factors surrounding the sites, such as landforms and its location regarding to watercourses and watersheds.

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Kacper Jachimowicz and Danuta Żurkiewicz

Abstract

The Yampil Region represents a concentration of densely populated barrow cemeteries. Some 156 mounds figure in the available cartographic studies, which are the basis of spatial analysis presented below. The aforementioned therefore shall involve an examination of parameters for the localisation of tumuli in respect to altitude, terrain surface incline, direction of exposition and distance from waterways and watershed ridges as well as an analysis of visibility for selected sites, which shall describe preferences in respect to the chosen place of construction.

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Hakan Aplak, Mehmet Kabak and Erkan Köse

. Int. J. Educ. Dev. Lee C.S (2012). Multi-objective game-theory models for conflict analysis in reservoir watershed management. Chemosphere 87: 608-613. Li D.F and Yang J.B. (2004). Fuzzy linear programming technique for multiattribute group decision making in fuzzy environments, Information Sciences, (158): 263-275. McIntosh G. (2002). Information Superiority and Game Theory: The Value of Varying Levels of Information, Master Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, 15-27. Mead J. (2005

Open access

Ilmari Käihkö

The Strategy Makers: Thoughts on war and society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz Praeger Santa Barbara, CA Heuser, B. (2010b). “Small wars in the age of Clausewitz: The watershed between partisan war and people’s war. Journal of Strategic Studies 33(1), pp. 139-162. 10.1080/01402391003603623 Heuser B. 2010b “Small wars in the age of Clausewitz: The watershed between partisan war and people’s war Journal of Strategic Studies 33 1 139 162 Holland, T. (ed.) (1917). De Bello, De Represaliis et De Duello by Giovanni Da Legnano Oxford University

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Vratislav Doubek

therefore addressed the context of the questions on a cultural level, avoiding political debates and political considerations. Now, the situation of Štúr, Hurban, Palacký, and the others was different. They were tied to a specific historical reality that anticipated their considerations. In the watershed years, the determinant factor for society’s mental development was not the euphoria from the accelerated phase of development going by leaps and bounds, but the disappointment with the underestimation of the development alternatives. In a phase where the possibility of

Open access

Peter Becker

second part, a close reading of various defamatory speech acts and the reasoning of the judges at the administrative court provide insights into the strategies for drawing a line between criticism and defamation, as well as into the threats associated with emotional and emotionalising submissions to authorities. State and Citizens: Failed Attempts to Establish Shared Emotional Situations The 1850s were a watershed in the development of a modern state in Austria. With strong support of its military and Russian allies, the dynasty was able to emerge victorious from