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In silico analysis of virulence associated genes in genomes of Escherichia coli strains causing colibacillosis in poultry

method for the detection and enumeration of presumptive Escherichia coli – Most probable number technique. 2006, 1–18. 10. Jakobsen L., Garneau P., Kurbasic A., Bruant G., Stegger M., Harel J., Jensen K.S., Brousseau R., Hammerum A.M., Frimodt-Møller N.: Microarray-based detection of extended virulence and antimicrobial resistance gene profiles in phylogroup B2 Escherichia coli of human, meat, and animal origin. J Med Microbiol 2011, 60, 1502–1511. 11. Johnson T.J., Kariyawasam S., Wannemuehler Y., Mangiamele P., Johnson S.J., Doetkott C., Nolan L

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Impact of the Priobiotic on the Presence of Selected Virulence Genes and Drug-Resistance Among Campylobacter Coli Isolated from Piglets

References 1. Andrzejewska M., Klawe J.J., Szczepańska B., Śpica D.: Occurrence of virulence genes among Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolates from domestic animals and children. Polish J Vet Sci 2011, 2 , 207-211. 2. Bang D.D., Scheutz F., Ahrens P., Pedersen K., Blom J., Madsen M.: Prevalence of cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) genes and CDT production in Campylobacter spp. isolated from Danish broilers. J Med Microbiol 2001, 50 , 1087-1094. 3. Carvalho A.C., Ruiz-Palacios G

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Occurrence of Genes Encoding Virulence Factors in Bordetella Bronchiseptica Strains Isolated from Infected and Healthy Pigs

References 1. Bemis D.A., Fenwick B.: Bordetella . In: Pathogenesis of bacterial infections in animals ., edited by Gyles C.L., Prescott J.F., Songer J.G., Thoen C.O., Blackwell Publishing, USA, 2010, pp. 259-272. 2. Boschwitz J.S., van der Heide H.G.J., Mooi F.R., Relman D.A.: Bordetella bronchiseptica expresses the fimbrial structural subunit gene fimA. J Clin Microbiol 1997, 179 , 7882-7885. 3. Brickman T.J., Anderson M.T., Armstrong S.K.: Bordetella iron transport and virulence. Biometals

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Virulence factors and antibiotic resistance of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli in eastern China

(also facilitating attachment of APEC to extraintestinal tracts and assisting penetration of bacteria into the tissues), toxins (protecting APEC from lysosomes), siderophores (chelating iron), and protectins (inhibiting the classical pathway of complement activity), which help the bacterial infection to become established and augment the bacterium’s resistance to the host’s immune defences. Epidemic data show that human extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) strains and APEC often carry similar virulence genes, suggesting the zoonotic importance of APEC strains

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Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa originating from farm animals and people in Egypt

out of 50 (80%) Cattle 50 17 34 10 59 Livestock drinking water 30 3 10 2 67 Human 50 10 20 7 70 All P. aeruginosa isolates were subjected to an antibiotic disc diffusion assay with carbapenem-group antibiotics ( Table 2 ). We further characterised these isolates for the presence of the β-lactam resistance genes bla KPC , bla OXA-48 , and bla NDM , and the virulence of the toxA gene ( Table 2 ). We found that 60% and 59% of animal isolates (buffalo and cattle), 67% of drinking water isolates, and 70% of human

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Goat Colostrum—Source of Toxigenic Bacillus Cereus

potential virulence factors by veterinary isolates of Bacillus species associated with non-gastrointestinal infections. App. Environ. Microbiol. , 69, 4, 2372—2376. DOI: 10.1128/aem.69.4.2372-2376.2003. 18. Schoeni, J. L., Wong, A. C., 1999: Heterogeneity observed in the components of haemolysin BL, an enterotoxin produced by Bacillus cereus . Int. J. Food Microbiol. , 53, 2—3, 159—167. 19. Seong, S. J., Lim, J. S., Lee, K. G., Lee, S. J., Hong, K. W., 2008: Toxin gene profiling of Bacillus cereus food isolates by PCR. J. Korean Soc. Appl. Biol. Chem

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Evaluation of long-term antibody response and cross-serotype reaction in ducks immunised with recombinant Riemerella anatipestifer outer membrane protein A and CpG ODN

shown to successfully confer protection against homologous strains of RA, but not heterologous ones ( 9 , 12 , 16 ). Due to the diversity of RA serotypes isolated from the field, a vaccine capable of providing cross-protection would be desirable. Under this circumstance, using a molecule conserved among various RA serotypes as the antigen is imperative. The 42-kDa outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is the major virulence factor of RA responsible for cellular adhesion and invasion ( 4 , 5 ). OmpA can be found in all RA serotypes with minor genetic heterogeneity among

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Current status of porcine epidemic diarrhoea (PED) in European pigs

haemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (PHEV), and porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) ( 26 ). The clinical symptoms of PED are diarrhoea, vomiting, and dehydration which result in very high mortality among suckling piglets and large economic losses ( 5 , 8 , 21 ). Various factors influence the clinical signs of PED, mainly the age of the animals, the herd’s immune status, and the virulence of the strain ( 18 ). Multiple PEDV strains are circulating on different pig farms around the world and they differ in virulence. PED was observed for the first time in 1971 in the United

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Phenotypic diversity and potential virulence factors of the Shewanella putrefaciens group isolated from freshwater fish

. Differentiation of Shewanella putrefaciens and Shewanella alga on the basis of whole-cell protein profiles, ribotyping, phenotypic characterization, and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis Appl Environ Microbiol 1997 63 2189 2199 29 Wang X.H., Oon H.L., Ho G.W., Wong W.S., Lim T.M., Leung K.Y.: Internalization and cytotoxicity are important virulence mechanisms in Vibrio-fish epithelial cell interactions. Microbiology 1998, 144, 2987–3002. 9846734 10.1099/00221287-144-11-2987 Wang X.H. Oon H.L. Ho G.W. Wong W.S. Lim T.M. Leung K

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Complete genome sequences of three sub-genotype 2.1b isolates of classical swine fever virus in China

polyprotein of 3,898 amino acids, with a 5′ untranslated region (UTR) and a 3′UTR at either end ( 18 ). The polyprotein undergoes viral and cellular proteolysis to produce four structural proteins (C, E0 or E rns , E1, and E2) and eight non-structural proteins (N pro , P7, NS2, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5A, and NS5B) ( 18 ). Because of its utility in tracking the virus origin and developing effective control strategies against CSF, many studies focus on sequence diversity analysis of CSFV, particularly the sequence variation associated with virulence changes ( 8 ). The sequence

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