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Serogroups, Virulence Genes and Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli Isolated from Cold Smoked Meat Products and Sprouted Grains in Latvia

strains carrying stx genes: stx variants and stx -positive virulence profiles. J. Clin. Microbiol ., 40 (12), 4585–4593. Ethelberg, S., Olsen, K. E. P., Scheutz, F., Jensen, Ch., Schiellerup, P., Engberg, J., Petersen, A. M., Olesen, B., Gerner-Smidt, P., Mølbak, K. (2004). Virulence factors for hemolytic uremic syndrome, Denmark. Emerg. Infect. Dis ., 10 (5), 842–847. Gales, A. C., Jones, R. N., Sader, H. S. (2011). Contemporary activity of colistin and polymyxin B against a worldwide collection of Gram-negative pathogens: Results from the SENTRY

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Results of monitoring of the population of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in Latvia in 2009-2010

). Adaptation of biotrophic barley pathogens to genetic resistance in Central Europe. In: Barley Genetics IX, Proceedings of the 9 th International Barley Genetics Symposium. Vol. 1. Invited Papers. 20 - 26 June 2004, Brno, Czech Republic (pp. 243-248). Spunar, J., Janikova, J. (eds.). Brno. Dreiseitl, A. (2004b). Virulence frequencies to powdery mildew resistance genes of winter barley cultivars. Plant Protect. Sci. , 40 , 135-140. Dreiseitl, A., Wang, J. (2007). Virulence and diversity of Blumeria graminis f

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Response of Lithuanian Winter Wheat Advanced Lines to Common Bunt (Tilletia tritici (BJERK.) WINT)

References Anonymous (2006). Bundesssortenamt. Beschreibende Sortenliste 2006. Hannover GmbH. 271 p. Blažkova, V., Bartoš, P. (2002). Virulence pattern of European bunt samples ( Tilletia tritici and T. leavis ) and sources of resistance. Cereal Res. Commun.,   30 (3/4), 335--342. Bonman, J.M., Bockelman, H.E., Goates, B.J., Don Obert, E., McGuire, P.E., Qualset, C.O., Hijmans, R.J. (2006). Geographic distribution of common and dwarf bunt resistance in landraces of Triticum

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First Detection of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus faecium in Latvia

Chemother. , 33 , 10-15. Maki, D.G., Agger, W.A. (1988). Enterococcal bacteremia: Clinical features the risk of endocarditis and managment. Medicine , 67 , 248-269. Mundy, L.M., Sahm, D.F., Gilmore, M. (2000). Relationships between enterococcal virulence and antimicrobial resistance. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. , 13 , 513-522. Noble, W.C., Virani, Z., Cree, R.G.A. (1992). Co-transfer of vancomycin and other resistance genes from Enterococcus faecalis NCTC 12201 to Staphylococcusaureus. FEMS

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HLA Class II-DRB,-DQA and –DQB Genotypes in Peripheral Blood Shows Shifts During the Course of Sepsis

., Hopper, J. L. (2005). Key concepts in genetic epidemiology. Lancet, 366 , 941–951. Cajander, S., Tina, E., Bäckman, A., Magnuson, A., Strålin, K., Söderquist, B., Källman, J. (2016). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction measurement of HLA-DRA gene expression in whole blood is highly reproducible and shows changes that reflect dynamic shifts in monocyte surface HLA-DR expression during the course of sepsis. PLoS One , 11 (5), e0154690. Cajander, S., Bäckman, A., Tina, E., Stralin, K., Bo Soderquist, Kallman, J. (2013). Preliminary

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Prevalence of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Producing Bacteria in Two Surgical Wards of a General Hospital

). Transferable resistance to cefotaxime, cefoxitin, cefamandole and cefuroxime in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia marcescens . Infection , 11 (6), 315–317. Liakopoulos, A., Mevius, D., Ceccarelli, D. (2016). A review of SHV extended- spectrum β-lactamases: Neglected yet ubiquitous. Front. Microbiol., 7, 1374. Līduma, I. (2016). Staphyloccocus epidermidis virulence factors and epidemiological impact. ( Staphylococcus epidermidis virulences faktori un epidemioloģiskā nozīme). Doctoral dissertation, University of Latvia, Rīga, Latvia

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Relationships between Free-Living Amoeba and their Intracellular Bacteria

adapted to deliver effector molecules to host cells. Trends Microbiol., 8 , 354–360. Cirillo, J. D., Falkow, S., Tompkins, L. S., Bermudez, L. E. (1997). Interaction of Mycobacterium avium with environmental amoebae enhances virulence. Infect. Immun., 65 , 3759–3767. Collingro, A., Poppert, S., Heinz, E., Schmitz-Esser, S., Essig, A., Schweikert, M., Wagner, M., Horn, M. (2005). Recovery of an environmental chlamydia strain from activated sludge by co-cultivation with Acanthamoeba spp. Microbiology , 151 , 301–309. Dalebroux, Z. D., Edwards

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Variability of Peronospora Tabacina A. - An Isoenzyme Study

. repanda, CORESTA Symposium, Kalli-thea (Halkidiki), Greece, 1990; Inf. Buli. CORESTA (1990) 169. 11. Main, C. E. and R. Delon: Comparison of viru-lence patterns of Peronospora tabaana in Europę and North America using the CORESTA trap collection; Agro-Phyto Meeting of CORESTA, Porto Alegre, Brasil, 1988; Inf. Buli. CORESTA (1988) 12-16. 12. Micales, J. A. and M. R. Bonde: Isozymes: methods and application; in: Molecular methods in plant pathology, edited by R.P. Singh and U.S. Singh, CRC Lewis Publ, Boca Raton

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Current PCR Methods for the Detection, Identification and Quantification of Genetically Modified Organisms(GMOs): a Brief Review

Analytik von Lebens-mittelnQ, 11 November 1998, DECHEMA-Haus, Frankfurt am Main, 1998. 16. Hayward-Lester, A, P.J. Oefner and P.A. Doris: Rapid quantification of gene expression by competitive RT-PCR and ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC; Biotechniques 20 (1996) 250-257. 17. Hee Wan Kang, Y., U.H.Y. Gu Cho, E. Moo Young: A rapid DNA extraction method for RFLP and PCR analysis from a single dry seed; Plant Mol. Biol. Reptr. 16 (1998) 1-9. 18. Heid, CA, J. Stevens, K.J. Livak and P.M. Williams: Real

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Alternative Forms of Storage Protection: Biological Insecticides for the Control of the Cigarette Beetle (Lasiodermaserricorne) and the Tobacco Moth (Ephestiaelutella)

. Biologische Bundesanstalt fur Land- und Forstwirt-schaft: Pflanzenschutzmittelverzeichnis, Teil 1-4, 1996. 11. Bischoff, R. and C. Reichmuth: Virulence factors of entomopathogenic fungi of Plodia interpunctella (Hubner) and Ephestia kuehnieUa (Zeller) ((Lepidoptera: Pyralidae); in: International Conference on pests in agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, Montpellier, pp. 783-792. 12. Bonning, B. C. and B. D. Hammock: Development of recombinant baculoviruses for insect control; Ann. Rev. Entomol. 41 (1996) 191

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