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Mohieldin Ahmed, Douaa Mosalem, Sherif Khairet, Thabat Ismail, Fawzy Hamido and Waleed Al-Busairi

J Med. 1998;8:432-42. Moezy A, Olyaei G, Hadian M, Razi M, Faghihzadeh S. A comparative study of whole body vibration training and conventional training on knee proprioception and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Br J Sports Med. 2008;42(5):373-8. Zouita Ben Moussa A, Zouita S, Dziri C, Ben Salah FZ. Single-leg assessment of postural stability and knee functional outcome two years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2009

Open access

Erieta Nikolikj-Dimitrova

-Castro M. Physical approach for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Arg Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2010;54(2):171-8. 12. Kotel’nikov GP, Piatin VF, Bulgakova SV, Shirolapov IV. Whole body vibration (acceleration) training increases bone mineral density and serum levels of osteocalcin in elderly women. Adv Gerontol. 2010;23(2): 257-62. 13. Uhlemann C., Lange U. Differenzialindikative physikalische therapiestrategien der odteoporose - empfehlungen fur den praxisalltag. Z.Rheumatol. 2006; 65(5):407-10. 14. Rubin CT, McLeod

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Triantafyllia Vouzara, Maryam el Chares and Kleoniki Lyroudia

endodontics. Endod Topics, 2013;29:125-159. 45. Sleiman WP. The use of a chelating agent and ultrasonic tips in the retrieval of broken rotary NiTi. Oral health. 2006;49-53. 46. Terauchi Y, O’Leary L, Yoshioka T, Suda H. Comparison of the time required to create secondary fracture of separated file fragments by using ultrasonic vibration under various canal conditions. J Endod, 2013;39:1300-1305. 47. Ruddle CJ. Micro-endodontic non-surgical retreatment. Dent Clin North Am, 1997;41:429-454. 48. Yu DG, Kimura Y, Tomita Y, Nakamura Y, Watanabe H

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Romeo-Gabriel Mihăilă

) values are higher in both lean and obese individuals: a population-based study from a developing country . Hepatology 2012; 55 :584–93. [14] DIETRICH C.F., BAMBER J., BERZIGOTTI A., BOTA S., CANTISANI V., CASTERA L., et al. EFSUMB Guidelines and Recommendations on the Clinical Use of Liver Ultrasound Elastography, Update 2017 (Long Version). Ultraschall Med 2017; 38 :e16-e47. [15] MENDES L.C., FERREIRA P.A., MIOTTO N., ZANAGA L., GONÇALES E.S.L., PEDRO M.N., et al. Elastogram quality assessment score in vibration-controlled transient elastography

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Bondar Andrei Cristian and Popa Amorin Remus


Alpha lipoic acid is an antioxidant substance used for the pathogenic treatment of diabetic neuropathy, oxidative stress being a central mechanism in diabetic microvascular complications. Our study included 24 diabetes mellitus patients with diabetic neuropathy and 20 healthy subjects. Diabetes patients were given alpha lipoic acid 600 mg intravenously for 10 days and then per os for 30 days.

Significant improvements were observed concerning oxidative stress evaluated by measuring serum malondyaldehide and ceruloplasmin. The clinical characteristic of neuropathy improved, both the level of pain decreased and the vibration perception threshold increased. Our study demonstrated a two times higher level of oxidative stress in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects, and that by influencing oxidative stress we could influence the clinical aspects of neuropathy. Further investigations need to be done to explore the pleiotropic effects of alpha lipoic acid on other mechanisms that are implicated in the pathogenies of diabetic neuropathy.

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Monica Lasca, Andreea Larisa Tăut and Ioan Andrei Vereşiu

identify inpatients with diabetes at risk of foot ulceration. Diabetes Care 34: 1517-1518, 2011. 9. Perkins BA, Olaleye D, Zinman B, Bril V . Simple screening tests for peripheral neuropathy in diabetes clinic. Diabetes Care 24: 250-256, 2001. 10. Gin H, Rigalleau V, Baillet L, Rabemanantsoa C . Comparison between monofilament, tuning fork and vibration perception tests for screening patients at risk of foot complication. Diabetes Metab 28: 457-461, 2002. 11. Al-Geffari M. Comparison of different screening tests for diagnosis of diabetic

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Farah N. Abass, Moshtak Abdul-Atheem and Hanan F. Aswad

_Neuropathy_Discordance_between_Symptoms_and_Electrophysiological_Testing_in_Saudi_Diabetics 19. Eliasson B. Cigarette smoking and diabetes. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 45: 405–413, 2003. 20. Masharani U. Pancreatic hormones and diabetes mellitus. In: Gardner DG, et al. Greenspan's Basic and Clinical Endocrinology. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw Hill Medical, 2009. 21. Ghosal S, Stephens J, Mukherjee A. Quantitative vibration perception threshold in assessing diabetic neuropathy: Is the cut-off value lower for Indian Subjects? [Q-VADIS Study]. Diabetes Metab Syndr 6: 85–89, 2012. 22. Hussain G, Rizvi S, Singhal S, Zubair M, Ahmad J

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Jaspreet Kaur, Shailendra Kumar Singh and Jaspreet Singh Vij

and combined exercise sessions reduce glucose variability in type 2 diabetes: crossover randomized trial. PLoS One 8(3): e57733, 1-10, 2013. 11. Behboudi L, Azarbayjani MA, Aghaalinejad H, Salavati M. Effects of aerobic exercise and whole body vibration on glycaemia control in type 2 diabetic males. Asian J Sports Med 2: 83-90, 2011. 12. American Diabetes Association . Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 37[Suppl 1]: 81-90, 2014. 13. Nathan DM, Buse JB, Davidson MB et al. Management of hyperglycemia in type 2

Open access

Ali Erfani Karimzadeh Toosi

shear imaging STAP Stellate cell activation-associated protein TE Transient elastography TGFβ Transforming growth factor β UDCA Ursodeoxycholic acid US Ultrasonography VCTE Vibration-controlled transient elastography VDR Farnesoid X receptor (FXR), vitamin D receptor VEGF Vascular endothelial growth factor REFERENCES 1. KOH C, HELLER T. Approach to the diagnosis of portal hypertension . THEO HELLER 2012; 1(5) : 133-135. 2. FLOREANI A, CAZZAGON N, MARTINES D, CAVALLETTO L, BALDO V, CHEMELLO L. Performance and utility of transient