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seminar concerned taxes. Professor Sabine Urnik and Elisabeth Steinhauser, MA (Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, University of Salzburg, Austria) gave a presentation called ‘Management through taxes. Selected instruments of management through taxes in Austria’, showing that the Austrian legislature has exerted a managing influence, particularly on income tax, through a variety of regulations during the current economic and socio-political state crisis. It is permissible in this context to use taxation as a management tool for active government social and

the Past, Resisting the Present (Counterpress 2016). Mańko R, ‘Is the Socialist Legal Tradition “Dead and Buried”? The Continuity of Certain Elements of Socialist Legal Culture in Polish Civil Procedure’ in Thomas Wilhemsson (ed), Private Law and the Many Cultures of Europe (Kluwer 2007) 94-99. Mańko R, ‘Legal Survivals: A Conceptual Tool for Analysing Post- Transformation Continuity of Legal Culture’ in Janis Rozelfelds (ed), The Effectiveness of Law in Post-modern Society (Latvia University Press 2015). Mańko R, ‘Prawo użytkowania wieczystego jako pozostałość po

found;  a lack of effective procedures and IT tools serving to indicate unregistered business activity and unreported taxable economic events, which should have been provided by the Ministry of Finance to subordinate authorities (fiscal, tax and customs);  inadequate preparation of the authorities (fiscal, tax and customs) to conduct oversight of Internet trading, e.g. due to a lack of appropriate methodology. Additionally, in the Supreme Audit Office report it was stated that there is no coherent system for collecting and processing information in this

records in line with the interests of the creating agency. For the daily management of these records, different tools were available (registers, indexes, filing procedures etc.). When records became outdated and were no longer frequently used by the creating agency, they were often transferred to basements or lofts, awaiting definitive appraisal and selection at a later time. In the Netherlands, the Archives Law of 1962 required the transfer of government records not marked for destruction to an archival repository 50 years after their creation. As said before

ability of one or several undertakings to increase prices, limit production or choice, decrease the quality of goods and services, or otherwise influence the conditions of competition. Therefore, regulations on concentrations are key tools for controlling the market's structure. An assessment of the impact of concentration on the market requires, most importantly, the determination of the relevant market on which the limitation, impediment or distortion of competition may take place. Determination of the relevant market is both the first and the most

little attention has been paid to where these subjective motivations come from. We have an idea of how camera operators make sense of what they see, but we know very little about the process of ‘sensemaking’ they go through. Sensemaking Sensemaking is an interpretative process during which people construe a meaning about ongoing events26. Sensemaking helps in structuring the unknown because it is – often unconsciously – used as a tool for understanding events we have difficulty interpreting. Sensemaking is not a noun, but a verb27. It is synonymous with

Forić (University of Sarajevo), presented a paper on Power of Form and Form of Power: Legal Reproduction of Collectivistic Ideology in the Example of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Constitutional Law in which he gave a socio-legal analysis of contemporary Bosnian constitutional law. Forić argued that the Marxist-Leninist ideology of actually existing socialism, hegemonic in Yugoslav times, has been replaced by the ideology of collectivism. The final paper in the panel was presented by Dr. Dace Šulmane (University of Geneva), and was devoted to Legal Tools for an

. Mediation is therefore a tool to ensure that parents and children can work out the guidelines of their lives together in the future. Aleksandra Rembiasz, justice of the district court in Kłodzko, presented a paper titled "Questioning of a juvenile witness in a friendly interview room during court proceedings" in which she discussed experiences in conducting hearings on child-friendly terms. Her determination and passion led to the creation of such a room in the district court in Kłodzko. In her opinion, it is the only effective and recommendable method for the