Since the first sport duels, and with the development of sport through the ages, there were sport fans that cheered either for one or the other opponent and in that way they showed their sympathy. As the time passed, they organized themselves in fan groups, and they became not only an agent of socialization, but also a very important factor in directing social happenings. Hooliganism was created in modern society, and it had devastating effects on both sport and socially-political relations. The functioning of the fan groups that embraces hooliganism, demands high level of organization, so the modern media became a major tool of communication. The aim of this work is to determine in which way, not only the modern media but more importantly the internet sites and the social media of the fan groups, have been used for not only promoting and giving information about their actions, goals and attitude but also promotion of hooliganism.
Vladimir Miletić, Zeljko Rajkovic and Hadzi Milos V. Vidakovic
Due to misinterpretation of sport results achievements, many victims have fallen in recent past. Energy focused toward an opponent can be transformed to achieving success in another way (aikido, kung-fu yoga...). Goal of sport competition is mastering an opponent, but goal and philosophical approach of outdoor activities is mastering self limitations and increasing self abilities. Influence of commercialization of sport as upgraded part of society is negative in several different ways, starting with alienation of all participants of sport until degeneration of management process. Sport outdoor activities are not comfortable with numerical system of values forced upon them. The example of outdoor activities is a great tool to perceive the entire future of phenomenology of competition, which show us tendency of forthcoming end. In relation to this, we can reassess definition of sport itself where dominant role is a competition as its integral part.
The paper analyzes spiritual stumbling of modern man which in addition to other general aspects of life has also led to sport degradation to only one dimesion ‐ the dimension of the result covering particular material interests of having power and being popular to which all other sport components including playing as the most honourable ingredient, which in terms of anthropology defines man as a being whose essential characteristic is playing, are inferior. Spiritual stumbling of modern man is a result of ratiocentrism (that is, his abandoning the concept of theocentrism) with dispair and loss of morality turning the complex body‐spirit bond into an instrument and the sport competition itself into an alienating form of achieving results at all costs. As a result, athletes themselves as main participants in competitions (either against other competitors or against themselves) have become an instrument‐tool for gaining profit. Spiritual stumbling have generated moral crisis and left sports and their participants without any human dimension of existence degrading them to a single physical dimension and its merciless and brutal exploitation.
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