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Correlation of Body Perceptions and Eating Disorders of 9-12 years old Children in Bratislava

. Children's Eating Attitudes Test (Ch-EAT) [online]. Ottawa, 2012. Available from: http://www.excellenceforchildandyouth.ca/support-tools/measureprofile?id=76 ROLLAND, K, FARNILL, D and GRIFFITHS, R. Body figure perceptions and eating attitudes among Australian schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 year olds. Department of Behavioral Studies, Sydney Australia, 1995. SPITZER, B. L., HENDERSON, K. A. and ZIVIAN, M. T. Gender differences in population versus media body sizes: A comparison over four decades. Sex Roles, 1999, 40, 545

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Civic Engagement and Environmental Sustainability in Teaching and Learning at Higher Education Institution in South Africa

., Muller, W. J., & Wilhelmi, B. S. (2012). Microbial monitoring of surface water in South Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(8), 2669-2693. Luyt, C. D., Muller, W. J., & Tandlich, R. (2011a). Low-cost tools for microbial quality assessment of drinking water in South Africa. HealthMed, 5(6), Supplement 1, 1868-1877. Luyt, C. D., Muller, W. J., & Tandlich, R. (2011b). Factors influencing the results of microbial surface water testing in South Africa. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 301

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Moral Reciprocity, Ethics of Appropriation of Indigenous Medicinal Plant Knowledge and Associated Biopiracy

.co.za. (2016). General Ethical Guidelines for the Healthcare Professions. Retrieved from http://www.hpcsa.co.za/Conduct/Ethics Hpcsa.co.za. (2018). Overview - HPCSA . Retrieved from http://www.hpcsa.co.za/Professionals Hutchens, A. (1991). Indian herbalogy of North America . Boston: Shambhala. Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2019). Pareto Chart . Retrieved from http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Tools/ParetoDiagram.aspx Jahanbegloo, R., & Parekh, B. (2011). Talking Politics. Oxford University Press. Joubert, E., & de Beer, D

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Original research article. Outdoor Activities-A Space Releasedfrom “Chains” of Competitionresults

Summary

Due to misinterpretation of sport results achievements, many victims have fallen in recent past. Energy focused toward an opponent can be transformed to achieving success in another way (aikido, kung-fu yoga...). Goal of sport competition is mastering an opponent, but goal and philosophical approach of outdoor activities is mastering self limitations and increasing self abilities. Influence of commercialization of sport as upgraded part of society is negative in several different ways, starting with alienation of all participants of sport until degeneration of management process. Sport outdoor activities are not comfortable with numerical system of values forced upon them. The example of outdoor activities is a great tool to perceive the entire future of phenomenology of competition, which show us tendency of forthcoming end. In relation to this, we can reassess definition of sport itself where dominant role is a competition as its integral part.

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The Influence of Study Specialization on the Moral Reasoning in University Students

Abstract

Significant importance has been attributed to moral judgment with regard to the moral and complex personal development of an individual. The study is focused on the moral thinking of university students, being interested in whether or not and to what extent does the university students´ specialization of study affect their moral judgment. A total of 180 students participated in the survey, half of them with technical specialization and the other half with humane disciplines. The Moral Judgment Test was used as a research tool for measuring their moral reasoning. The results showed a significant relation between the students´ moral reasoning and study specialization. Students with humane study specialization showed a much higher level of moral reasoning, referring to an input in the discussion on the method of developing university students´ moral competences.

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Barometer of Inclusive Education – Concept, Methodology and Preliminary Results in Selected European Countries

Abstract

This paper presents concept, methodology and preliminary results of a European research project on inclusive education of persons with disabilities. The project pathways to inclusion (p2i) is funded by the EU Commission and coordinated by the European umbrella organization European Association of Service Providers for Persons with Disabilities (EASPD). To get an overview on legal situations, practice and progression related to inclusive education a ‘barometer assessment’ instrument was developed and applied in 10 EU countries. The barometer criteria are deducted from Art. 24 of UN CRPD, the methodology follow the idea of the Open Method of Coordination and is explained as an information based rating. Selected results of the assessment are presented. The barometer instrument has proven as an effective tool for data analysis and assessment.

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The Influence of Modern Media on the Development of Fan Groups and the Promotion of Hooliganism

Summary

Since the first sport duels, and with the development of sport through the ages, there were sport fans that cheered either for one or the other opponent and in that way they showed their sympathy. As the time passed, they organized themselves in fan groups, and they became not only an agent of socialization, but also a very important factor in directing social happenings. Hooliganism was created in modern society, and it had devastating effects on both sport and socially-political relations. The functioning of the fan groups that embraces hooliganism, demands high level of organization, so the modern media became a major tool of communication. The aim of this work is to determine in which way, not only the modern media but more importantly the internet sites and the social media of the fan groups, have been used for not only promoting and giving information about their actions, goals and attitude but also promotion of hooliganism.

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Developing Students’ Language Competence and Essential 21st Century Skills for Future Employability: The Case of Latvia and Lithuania

Abstract

Introduction: Nowadays, language and intercultural competences have become core employability skills in many fields, supporting the development of other skills which emphasizes the necessity for specific pedagogic approaches in developing online learning materials and courses that would develop learners’ language competence and other relevant 21st century skills for future employability. The current comparative summative evaluation research conducted in two higher education institutions in Latvia and Lithuania analyses students’ feedback, elicited from 200 students, on the efficiency of the methods and methodologies applied in the course development and their suitability to develop the above-mentioned skills and competences.

Methods: The research implies a mixed-model design comprising a students’ questionnaire (a quantitative tool) and students’ essays (a qualitative tool). Quantitative data analysis was done applying descriptive and inferential statistics tests by IBM SPSS 22 software, qualitative data analysis – applying discourse analysis.

Results: The findings indicate that students highly evaluate the learning platform and the courses created. They find them as useful, visually appealing, interesting, interactive, well-structured, and easy to understand. Students acknowledge that they have developed their knowledge of professional lexis, reading skills, grammar and gained useful knowledge in their field. Significant differences were found concerning students’ group, specialization and the course completed – local students vs. international students as to the evaluation of the learning platform, students of IT field vs. business fields, Latvian students vs. Lithuanian students as to the intercultural B2/C1 English course completed. The research results strengthen the cognitions derived from theory on significant issues to be observed when creating blended-learning courses.

Discussion: The course designed is an alternative way of learning and may be useful for anyone who wishes to update their language and intercultural competence either through a formal or non-formal education course or on a lifelong learning basis.

Limitations: The research period covered one semester only. Although the study materials for 16 languages have been created, the current paper analyses only the results obtained in piloting English and Spanish courses, with the predominance of learners opting for English courses.

Conclusions: The research results show that the methods and methodologies applied in the given interactive blended-learning courses have developed the students’ language competence and have fostered the development of their digital competence, team-working and collaboration skills, problem-solving skills and learning-to-learn thus motivating them to become autonomous learners. The pedagogy-based approach applied in the current research has been successful despite a few flaws in the design of the course materials.

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Intergenerational learning – lifelong learning

des ADD LIFE Konsortiums (Ed.), Das ADD LIFE Europäische Tool Kit für die Entwicklung intergenerationellen Lernens im Universitäts- und Hochschulwesen (Teil 02). Graz: Universität Graz. Kolland, F. (2011). Bildung und aktives Altern. Magazin erwachsenenbildung.at. Das Fachmedium für Forschung, Praxis und Diskurs. Ausgabe 13. Wien. Larsson, S., & Nordvall, H. (2010). Tanulókörök Svédországban. Áttekintés a nemzetközi irodalom bibliográfiájával. Szentendre: Budapest Környéki Népfőiskolai Szövetség. Ludescher, M

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One-Dimensional Sport Spiritual Crisis as a Cause of Degrading Sport to a One-Dimesional Phenomenon

Abstract

The paper analyzes spiritual stumbling of modern man which in addition to other general aspects of life has also led to sport degradation to only one dimesion ‐ the dimension of the result covering particular material interests of having power and being popular to which all other sport components including playing as the most honourable ingredient, which in terms of anthropology defines man as a being whose essential characteristic is playing, are inferior. Spiritual stumbling of modern man is a result of ratiocentrism (that is, his abandoning the concept of theocentrism) with dispair and loss of morality turning the complex body‐spirit bond into an instrument and the sport competition itself into an alienating form of achieving results at all costs. As a result, athletes themselves as main participants in competitions (either against other competitors or against themselves) have become an instrument‐tool for gaining profit. Spiritual stumbling have generated moral crisis and left sports and their participants without any human dimension of existence degrading them to a single physical dimension and its merciless and brutal exploitation.

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