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Demographic changes in Polish cities in the years 1950-2016

year (decade) Source : Own study based on stat.gov.pl data Fig. 7 Continuation Explanations: X – population in thousands in the current year (decade), Y – population in thousands in the previous year (decade) Source : Own study based on stat.gov.pl data 5 Conclusions The presented study on demographic development of Polish cities uses trajectories, showing them to be an additional useful tool in analyses of demographic development of cities, regions and other territorial units. It was indicated that this simple graphic representation

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Demographic development of Zachodniopomorskie voivodship in the years 2000-2012 in the light of transportation network accessibility

. Runge, J. 2006: Metody badań w geografii społeczno-ekonomicznej - elementy metodologii, wybrane narzędzia badawcze (Research methods in socio-economic geography, elements of the methodology, selected research tools - in Polish), Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski. Strategia Rozwoju Województwa Zachodniopomorskiego do roku 2020 (Strategy for the development of the Zachodniopomorskie Voivodship until 2020 - in Polish) Available at: http://www.rsi.org.pl/dane/download/strategia_2015.pdf, DoA: 15 December 2015. Studium przypadku połączenia

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Optimal Spatial Allocation of Labour Force and Employment Protection Legislation (EPL)

institutional variables regarding mobility of workers within the EU. His results conclude that lifting labour market restrictions incentivises inflows of workers from new member states, although to a smaller extent than accession to the EU itself. On the other hand, A. Arpaia ( Arpaia et al., 2016 ) analysed whether the movement of labour force within the Eurozone is an adequate tool to counteract asymmetric shocks. He contends that, although unemployment and activity rates absorb most of the shock, the responsiveness of labour mobility and wages to asymmetric crises has

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Adaptive Development of a Regional Spatial Data Infrastructure Facing Local Prospects and Socio-Technological Trends

data resources Enabling of map Efforts for concurrent geospatial data and technologies Use of commercial software for web-map service Improved map service Pioneering WMS in Finland Inclusion of INSPIRE data in a regional context Shift toward increasingly open data and software embedding in other websites Development of WFS services Early versions of GI metadata with simple tool for search More advanced metadata catalogue to help in finding relevant Tailored inhouse programmed geoportal with regional scope Living links to external geoservers

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Local planning attitudes: Comparative content analysis of municipal director plans of shrinking Portuguese cities

perimeters have certainly been contributed towards not only by the solidly evidenced population decrease, but also by the PNPOT that now spills on to the reformed legal framework of the spatial management instruments. It promotes flexible planning, reinforcement of the PDM as a strategic tool, and development of cities through urban regeneration. Several innovations are relevant in this regard ( MAOTE, 2015 ): rational definition of urban areas based on supply and demand of urban land, and economic and financial viability (DL No. 80/2015, Article 69), privileging urban

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Creative Clusters in Visegrad Countries: Factors Conditioning Cluster Establishment and Development

References Allan, G., 2003: A Critique of Using Grounded Theory as a Research Method. In: Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 1-10. Bednář, P., Danko, L. and Grebeniček, P., 2013: Towards Creative Clusters: Mapping and Development of Creative Industries in Slovakia. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Geography and Geology, pp. 260-265. Bialic-Davendra, M., Pavelková D. and Břusková, P., 2013: Cluster Policy and Supporting Tools Consistent with Cluster

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Using GIS methods to analyse the spatial distribution and public accessibility of pharmacies in Craiova city, Romania

://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/state/docs/chp_romania_english.pdf Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). (2016). Global Health Data Exchange. http://ghdx.healthdata.org/gbd-results-tool Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) 2016 Global Health Data Exchange http://ghdx.healthdata.org/gbd-results-tool Koehler, T. and Brown A. (2017). Documenting the evolution of the relationship between the pharmacy support workforce and pharmacists to support patient care. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 13(2): 280-285. 10.1016/j.sapharm.2016.10.012 Koehler T. Brown A. 2017 Documenting the

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Capacities of African-oriented Polish NGOs: a quantitative approach

its laissez-faire approach: the government does not interfere in the activities of non-governmental organisations, but nor too does it provide systemic support for building their capacity to implement projects ( Kozek et al., 2016 ). Criticism concerned both the dependence of Polish assistance on Ministry of Finance subsidies, and on the organisation of competitions without adequate tools for capacity building ( Center for Economic Development, 2013 ). In one year, organisations must apply for, raise funds for their own contribution towards, implement, and settle

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Forest stand biomass of Picea spp.: an additive model that may be related to climate and civilisational changes

188 pp Rus D’Aprile, F. Tapper, N. and Marchetti, M. (2015). Forestry under climate change. Is time a tool for sustainable forest management? Open Journal of Forestry. 5: 329-336. D’Aprile F. Tapper N. Marchetti M. 2015 Forestry under climate change Is time a tool for sustainable forest management? Open Journal of Forestry 5 329 336 DeLucia, E.H. Maherali, H. and Carey, E.V. (2000). Climate-driven changes in biomass allocation in pines. Global Change Biology. 6(5): 587-593. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.00338.x 10

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Selected aspects of water and sewage management in Poland in the context of sustainable urban development

purification technologies ( Tortajada, Nam Ong, 2016 ; Salgot, Folch, 2018). The environmental aspects of water and sewage management mainly relate to the quality and parameters of potable water ( Ekiye, Zejiao, 2010 ; Wang et al., 2009 ; Coombes et al., 2016 ), and its impact on the natural environment ( Haase, 2015 ; Herslund et al., 2018 ). The socio-economic aspects of water and sewage management focus on efficiency ( González-Gómez, García-Rubio, 2008 ; Zarghami, 2010 ). They also relate to the development of practical tools for measuring and improving water

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