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Self-harm - an overview of the tools used to assess non-suicidal self-harming behaviors

and In-tentional Self-Injury Psychological Assessment, American Psychological Association, 2006, Vol. 18, No. 3, 303–312 36. Nock M. K., Holmberg E. B., Photos V. I., Michel B. D. Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview: Development, Reliability, and Validity in an Adolescent Sample Psychological Assessment, American Psychological Association, 2007, Vol. 19, No. 3, 309 –317 37. Juzwin K. An Assessment Tool for Self-Injury: The Self-Injury Self-Report Inventory (SISRI). W J. Levitt, R. Sansone, L. Cohn (red.) Self-Harm Behavior and Eating

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Risk behaviors at late childhood and early adolescence as predictors of depression symptoms

Abstract

The study aims to answer following questions: (1) What are the risk behaviors among children at late childhood and early stage of adolescence? (2) What are the differences between boys and girls concerning problem behaviors? (3) Do risk behaviors predict symptoms of depression? Participants fulfilled the set of three tools: (1) Children Depression Inventory authored by M. Kovacs (1992); (2) List of experienced risk behaviors and (3) List of open questions concerning the knowledge and experience with smart drugs. The study group consisted of 130 boys and girls attending the fifth and sixth grade of primary school. The study shows differences between boys’ and girls’ risk behaviors, as well as the similarities. The findings indicate that gender-related disparities in problem behaviors exist even at the early stages of puberty. Boys under one parent custody declare significantly more risk behaviors than girls under one parent custody. Finally, the symptoms of depression were predicted by cumulative number of risk behaviors and – on tendency level – by type of parental custody.

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Original paper. Assessment of the need for information about planned gynecologic surgery

Abstract

The objective of the study was to assess the level of patients' need for information about the planned gynecologic surgery.

Material and Methods. The number of 173 patients preparing to undergo planned gynecological procedure were qualified for the study. The participation in the survey was entirely voluntary. Each patient was asked to fulfill the survey conducted using the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale- APAIS that enables the estimation of the patient’s need for surgery-related information. Furthermore patients’ clinical and demographic data was collected. Results were analyzed using appropriate statistical tools: the Shapiro-Wilk W-test (for distribution of the studied parameters) and the Mann-Whitney U-test (for comparing two independent groups). P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results. It was shown that premenopausal women have a greater need for information about the planned surgery than postmenopausal patients (p<0.05). Patients, who have never been operated, displayed a significantly greater need (p=0.04) for information about their planned surgery in relation to women who have already undergone surgery. The patient’s age, the phase of the menstrual cycle, the education level, the marital status, as well as the preoperative diagnosis and the type of the planned surgery did not affect the level of the preoperative information requirement (p>0.05).

Conclusions. The high level of the need for information about the planned surgery characterizes premenopausal patients and those operated for the first time.

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Phantom limb phenomenon as an example of body image distortion

;17:543–53. 9. Maravita A, Iriki A. Tools for the body (schema). Trends Cogn. Sci. 2004;8:79–86. 10. Gallagher S. Body schema and intentionality. In: Bermúdez JL, Eilan N, Marcel A, editors. Body Self. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press; 2001. p. 225–44. 11. Gallgher S. How the body shapes the mind. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005. 12. Cole J, Paillard J. Living without touch and peripheral information about body position and movement: Studies with deafferented subjects. In: Bermúdez JL, Eilan N, Marcel A, editors. Body Self. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press

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Hiponatremia in the practice of a psychiatrist. Part 2: psychogenic polydipsia

. Polydipsia screening tool. Arch Psychiatr Nurs.2004;18(2):49-59. 14. Abbasi QA, Carbonell FE, Koczapski AB, Vieweg WV R. Measuring and estimating daily urine volume in psychiatric patients: strengths and weaknesses. Schizophr Res. 1997:28(1):87-93. 15. Goldman MB. The assessment and treatment of water imbalance in patients with psychosis. Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses. 2010;4(2):115-23. 16. Krzyżanowska-Świniarska B, Czekalski S. Choroby układu podwzgórzowo-przysadkowego. W. Interna .Tom3 red Januszewicz K, Kokot F. Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL. Warszawa

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Omega – 3 fatty acids in schizophrenia – part I: importance in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia

., Hoffman W.F., Janowsky A. The niacin skin flush abnormality in schizophrenia: a quantitative dose-response study. Schizophr Res. 2003; 62(3): 251-8. 95. Nadalin S., Buretić-Tomljanović A., Rubesa G., Tomljanović D., Gudelj L. Niacin skin flush test: a research tool for studying schizophrenia. Psychiatr Danub. 2010; 22(1): 14-27. 96. Górniak M., Rybakowski J. Test niacynowy w schizofrenii: przegląd piśmiennictwa i wstępne wyniki badań własnych. Farmakoterapia w Psychiatrii i Neurologii. 2012; 1: 7–16. 97. Kashyap M.L., McGovern M.E., Berra K., Guyton J

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