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Can Social Media be a Tool for Participatory Governance in Slovak Municipalities ?

World, Unite ! Th e Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media.” Business Horizons 53(1), 59 - 68. Klepek, Martin. 2014. “Nové trendy online marketingové komunikace jako prostředek pro zvyšování atraktivity měst a obcí v Moravskoslezském kraji.” (New trends in online marketing communication as a tool for increasing the attractiveness of Moravian-Silesian municipalities). In V. Klimova and V. Zitek (eds). Proceedings of the 17th International Colloquium on Regional Sciences. Brno: Masarykova Univerzita, 441 - 446. Kmieckowiak, Tilo

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Strategic Planning in the Framework of Metropolitan Areas in Romania: Going beyond the Requirements of the Law and Transforming it into an Effective Planning Tool

Abstract

This paper strives to discuss the role played by the newly created metropolitan areas around the seven growth poles from the perspective of the cooperation between the urban centers on the one hand and the neighboring rural communities on the other. It looks at the governance mechanisms in place at the level of the metropolitan areas and tries to assess if the cities and the neighboring communities are equal partners in these cooperation schemes. The paper also looks at one of the most important functions of these metropolitan areas - strategic planning in the form of drafting the integrated plans for urban development (IPUDs). We look at this function also from the perspective of the relations between the cities and their hinterlands. The paper has the following structure: section two briefly examines the concept of growth poles and their creation in Romania; section three looks at strategic planning as a tool for the implementation of the growth pole policy; section four presents the methodology of the study; section five details the main findings of the research, while section six briefly presents the recommendations and the conclusions. The empirical research for the study consisted in interviews with public servants working for the communities that are part of the metropolitan areas formed around the growth poles. As for the conclusions, the authors wish to emphasize that metropolitan areas should be understood in the broader context of the territorial reform.

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Knowledge Management and Czech Self-Governments: Empirical Investigations into the Application of Knowledge Management to Public Administration in the Czech Republic

Management Come from?” IBM Systems Journal 40(4), 1002–1007. Rifk in, J. 2014. The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism . New York: Macmillan. Simon, H. A. 1947. Administrative Behavior: A Study of the Decision-making Processes in Administrative Organization . New York: Macmillan. Špaček, D. 2015. “Quality Management in the Czech Public Administration.” In Vries, M. and Nemec, J. (eds.). Implementation of New Public Management Tools: Experiences from Transition and Emerging

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E-procurement in Contracting-out of Public Goods and Services: Evidence from Slovakia

G. Vaceková. 2009. “Diverzifikácia finančných zdrojov v neziskových organizáciách” [Diversification of financial sources in non-profit organizations]. E & M Ekonomie a Management 12(4), 84–95. Loader, K. 2011. “Are Public Sector Procurement Models and Practices Hindering Small and Medium Suppliers ?” Public Money & Management 31(4), 287–294. Major, C. 2003. Reverse auctions – A Suitable Procurement Tool for the WA Public Sector ? Available at http

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Performance Management and Performance Appraisal: Czech Self-Governments

Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 499 - 527. Halligan, J. 2011. “Reform Design and Performance in Australia and New Zealand.” In T. Christensen and P. Lagreid (eds). Transcending New Public Management. Farnham: Ashgate, 43 - 64. Jacko, T. 2015. “Performance Measurement and Performance-Related Pay in Slovak Local Government.” In J. Nemec and M. S. De Vries (eds). Implementation of New Public Management Tools: Experiences from Transition and Emerging Countries. Brussels: Bryulant, 251 - 266. Kellough, Edward J. 2012. “Managing Human

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Use and Utilization of Performance Information in Hungary: Exemplary Cases from the Local- Government and the Higher-Education Sectors

Abstract

Performance information and performance management are usually seen as tools to promote the efficiency and effectiveness of different public-policy programs. Performance management is a hot topic in the post-NPM discourse, however most of the debate is centered on the Western European and Anglo-Saxon models of measurement and evaluation of public services. This paper examines how a Central European country with a strong Rechtsstaat tradition can adapt to the use of performance management, and what patterns we can identify in the actual manifestations of measurement and use of data. The authors argue that even though performance management is not known in Hungary as per defined in the academic literature, there are signs on the ground that PM ideology and actual use are gaining traction in every field of public services, both in central and local governments.

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Benchmarking in Czech Higher Education

Abstract

The first part of this article surveys the current experience with the use of benchmarking at Czech universities specializing in economics and management. The results indicate that collaborative benchmarking is not used on this level today, but most actors show some interest in its introduction. The expression of the need for it and the importance of benchmarking as a very suitable performance-management tool in less developed countries are the impetus for the second part of our article. Based on an analysis of the current situation and existing needs in the Czech Republic, as well as on a comparison with international experience, recommendations for public policy are made, which lie in the design of a model of a collaborative benchmarking for Czech economics and management in higher-education programs. Because the fully complex model cannot be implemented immediately – which is also confirmed by structured interviews with academics who have practical experience with benchmarking –, the final model is designed as a multi-stage model. This approach helps eliminate major barriers to the implementation of benchmarking.

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Citizen Participation and Engagement in Urban Governance: Perception of Finnish and Polish Local Officials

Abstract

Participation has recently received renewed attention in the context of governance. This is especially relevant in countries where democratization and decentralization have led to an increased promotion of citizen involvement into the decision-making process. This article suggests that the current debate on civic engagement would benefit from further reflection on how the concept of participation is implemented in contexts, particularly in the Nordic as well as Central and Eastern European countries, where ideas of local democracy, urban governance and involvement can be understood differently. By exploring citizen participation from the perspective of local officials in two European cities – Lublin, Poland and Tampere, Finland, the article seeks to add significant data to the on-going scholarly discussion. Based on qualitative research, it examines advantages and disadvantages of the provisions of the local citizen-participation frameworks, as perceived by the officials of the selected case cities. In the conclusion, the authors point out that although both cities have different democratic institutional systems as well as commonly accepted notions of citizen participation, their city halls frequently face similar problems related to the use of participatory tools.

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