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An overview of Software Applications for Social Network Analysis

Abstract

There is a great variety of software tools that has been developed within the last 20 years, as to facilitate and support the qualitative and quantitative analysis of social networks. This paper gives a brief overview of some of the most popular software packages for social network analysis: Pajek, UCINET 6, NetDraw, Gephi, E-Net, KeyPlayer 1, StOCNET and Automap. Pajek has efficient algorithms for the analysis of large networks, while UCINET 6 includes multiple analytical tools highly efficient for exploring and measuring social network structures. NetDraw, nested in UCINET 6, and Gephi allow network visualization. E-Net and KeyPlayer 1 satisfy rather specific and well-oriented purposes: ego-network analysis and network key-player operations (node removal or utilization). StOCNET provides a platform for statistical methods focusing on probabilistic models, while Automap is a text mining tool for analyzing text relational data.

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The Polish student movement after the fall of the Iron Curtain: An organisational perspective

Abstract

This study analyses the student movement from an organizational perspective. It specifically studies the Polish case using the organizational perspective originating from the works and Meyer and Zald. With the use of this theoretical tool, together with an anthropological approach to organizations, the author aims to describe three main organizations of student movement, namely the ZSP, NZS and PSRP, as well as the movement’s goals, resources, personnel, language and values. The comparison is made against the background of ongoing transformation. It is found that the situation of organizations has changed greatly, as has their position within the movement, and the components of each organization.

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Eliciting data on social relationships: The use of hand-drawn network maps in tracing the perception of digitally mediated social ties

Abstract

The emergence of online social networking platforms established a new way of identifying ourselves as being related to other individuals. Previous research has looked at the impact these ‘networking’ applications have on individuals’ everyday lives. Nonetheless, obtaining convincing data on how individuals assess the quality of digitally mediated social relationships has often been perceived challenging. Drawing on a methodological framework rooted in a social network analysis approach, this paper traces the suitability of hand-drawn network maps for eliciting data on how individuals give meaning to digitally mediated social relationships by comparing it to traditional tools used in social network analysis. The results show that using hand-drawn network maps in this particular context provides respondents with a more tangible resource to recall data on digitally mediated social relationships. In particular, this methodological approach elicits substantial data on abstract thematic areas that are typically difficult to recall using standardised techniques.

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Protected Areas and Overuse in the Context of Socio-Natural Changes: An Interdisciplinary French Case Study

Abstract:

This article provides an interdisciplinary analysis of the notion of overuse in natural areas. Based on the case of the French Calanques massif (located along the Mediterranean coast between Marseilles and Cassis), sociology and biology combine their analyses to examine the social processes behind the increasingly widespread use of natural areas and the ecological consequences thereof. The data are comprised of interdisciplinary research based on eighty semi-structured interviews conducted on-site and 330 telephone survey questionnaires. We critically analyse of the notion of overuse and underscore the socio-economic, cultural and ideological weight it carries in the context of socio-natural change; this calls into question the relevance of the ancient nature/culture dichotomy. Drawing on theoretical tools from environmental sociology, this article also provides some perspectives for natural area managers.

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Phantasmic Devices: Wedding Videos and the Creation of an Imagined Transnational Community by Bulgarian Muslims in Spain

Abstract

For the Bulgarian Muslims in Spain wedding videos are a popular device for socializing, overcoming nostalgia and keeping pace with the news and events that take place back home in Bulgaria. The mediatization of the ritual allows an extension of the ritual across time and space. Watching the videos is a re-enactment of the celebration and has become part of the ritual itself. Subsequently, this extension of the ritual through a mediated device has led to its subtle transformations. At the same time, wedding videos and the particular mode of use produce a social effect beyond the structure of the ritual. They contribute to the extending and re-creating of a migrant community that spreads over space transnationally and temporally between the past of home and the present of life in migrancy. Drawing on ethnographic material and using the analytical tools of actor-network theory, the main aim of this paper is to trace the uses and effects of wedding videos for transforming the wedding ritual through postponing and re-enacting it on one hand, and for sustaining the phantasm of an imagined virtual community on the other. The broader problem that this paper seeks to address is the specific role that material devices play for producing social effects for migrant communities.

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The Politics of Mobilizing Local Resources for Growth: ‘Urban Areas’ in Romania

Abstract

In this paper I argue that sociology was a key discipline in producing relevant knowledge for managing and reimagining the socialist economic development in Romania. It played a central role in placing economic development at the subnational level, since much of the everyday economics unfolded at the level of the regions, which formed around the emerging cities. I analyse the birth of the ‘urban area’, an academic concept and a policy tool, as it was developed by Miron Constantinescu and his associate Henry H. Stahl. This was the main device that shifted economic growth to the subnational level and allowed the planners to regulate the economy as a set of inter-connected production chains. Sociology was disbanded as an academic discipline in 1948; nonetheless, through the figure of Miron Constantinescu, a key member of the Political Bureau between 1945-1957, it remained a central producer of knowledge through complex institutional arrangements, put in place in the 1950s. These institutions employed sociological figures from the inter-war sociological establishment. Their methodological skills and theoretical endeavours were put to work in applied research. I argue that some strategic developmentalist policies in socialist Romania were strongly shaped by the reworking in Marxist terms of certain key ideas of the Gustian school of a ‘sociology of the nation’.

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How Foreign of a Country is the Past? Colonial Archives, Customary Law and Land Transactions in Ghana

Abstract

This paper looks at a set of documents produced in the early 1950s in the Gold Coast to establish land boundaries in a region and to contribute to the crystallization of customary law for future reference and use. The material is placed in a longer historical flow and seen as one of the results of transformations in the metropole, in the colony, and in their relationship over the first decades of the century, and as a significant landmark collection that has been used in land transactions ever since. The analysis pleads for treating the archives in an ethnographic and not just in an extractive manner (Stoler, 2002, 2009), suggesting that the making, the form, the authors’ stances and the use of the documents can be useful supplementary tools in making sense of the already heavily edited representations of the past that we have access to. The focus on this particular archival material contributes to the discussions about the pitfalls of basing land management on, as Sally Falk Moore would put it, “customary” law.

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The Visual Analogue Scale. An Alternative to the Likert Type Response Scales. An Alternative to the Likert Type Response Scales

Bibliografie Bandalos, D.L. and C.K. Enders (1996) The Effects of Nonnormality and Number of Response Categories on Reliability. Applied Measurement Education , 9(2):151-160. Borgogni L., Petitta L. and C. Barbaranelli (2004) Il Test di Orientamento Motivazionale (TOM) come strumento per la misurazione della motivazione al lavoro (The Test of Motivational Orientations as a tool to measure work motivation). Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata , 243:43-52. Chelcea, S. (2004) Metodologia cercetării sociologice. Metode cantitative şi calitative

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The Work and Life of Corporate Expatriates: New Patterns and Regimes of Mobility in the Knowledge Economy

(5):245-268. Breschi S. and F. Lissoni (2009) ‘Mobility of skilled workers and co-invention networks: an anatomy of localized knowledge flows’. Journal of Economic Geography , 9(4): 439-468 Brinkley, I. 2008. The Knowledge Economy: How Knowledge is Reshaping the Economic Life of Nations . The Work Foundation. Brynjolfsson, E. & B. Kahin (2002) (eds.) Understanding the Digital Economy: Data, Tools, and Research . Boston: MIT Press. D’Andrea A. (2006) ‘Neo-Nomadism: a Theory of Postidentitarian Mobility in the Global Age’. Mobilities , 1(1):95-119. Epstein

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Deliciously Exotic? Immigrant Grocery Shops and Their Non-Migrant Clientele

. Kraieski de Assunção, V. (2012) ‘Circulating Food and Relationships: the Movement of Food (and Other Things) Between Brazilians in Boston and Brazil‘. International Review of Social Research, 2: 65–76. Kusenbach, M. (2003) ‘Street Phenomenology: The Go-Along as Ethnographic Research Tool‘. Ethnography, 4: 455–485. Leicht, R. and Langhauser, M. (2014): Ökonomische Bedeutung und Leistungspotenziale von Migrantenunternehmen in Deutschland. Studie im Auftrag der Abteilung Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik, Arbeitskreis Mittelstand und Gesprächskreis Migration

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