There is a great variety of software tools that has been developed within the last 20 years, as to facilitate and support the qualitative and quantitative analysis of social networks. This paper gives a brief overview of some of the most popular software packages for social network analysis: Pajek, UCINET 6, NetDraw, Gephi, E-Net, KeyPlayer 1, StOCNET and Automap. Pajek has efficient algorithms for the analysis of large networks, while UCINET 6 includes multiple analytical tools highly efficient for exploring and measuring social network structures. NetDraw, nested in UCINET 6, and Gephi allow network visualization. E-Net and KeyPlayer 1 satisfy rather specific and well-oriented purposes: ego-network analysis and network key-player operations (node removal or utilization). StOCNET provides a platform for statistical methods focusing on probabilistic models, while Automap is a text mining tool for analyzing text relational data.
The analysis of the Swiss labor market poses a methodological challenge. On the one hand, Switzerland is too diversified to be analyzed as a single socio-economic space. On the other hand, a high level of territorial fragmentation makes the use of administrative divisions methodologically weak. In this paper, we classify Swiss cantons into three types of labor markets: attractive, multicenter, and marginal. Our typology is based on a wide range of economic and labor market parameters, and can be a ready-to-use tool for further researches.
Factorial Survey Analysis (FSA) is an analytical tool that presents respondents with fictional situations (“vignettes”) to be rated or judged. In this paper we study the use of FSA in labour market sociology, with a particular focus on employer-based surveys, and what they can teach us about hiring preferences. FSA is useful in this context as it targets employers directly and comes close to a causal design. This review article seeks to pinpoint the contributions FSA has made to the field, identify its limits and propose topics in which it may be useful.
This study analyses the student movement from an organizational perspective. It specifically studies the Polish case using the organizational perspective originating from the works and Meyer and Zald. With the use of this theoretical tool, together with an anthropological approach to organizations, the author aims to describe three main organizations of student movement, namely the ZSP, NZS and PSRP, as well as the movement’s goals, resources, personnel, language and values. The comparison is made against the background of ongoing transformation. It is found that the situation of organizations has changed greatly, as has their position within the movement, and the components of each organization.
Cécilia Claeys, Carole Barthelemy, Thierry Tatoni and Patrick Bonhomme
This article provides an interdisciplinary analysis of the notion of overuse in natural areas. Based on the case of the French Calanques massif (located along the Mediterranean coast between Marseilles and Cassis), sociology and biology combine their analyses to examine the social processes behind the increasingly widespread use of natural areas and the ecological consequences thereof. The data are comprised of interdisciplinary research based on eighty semi-structured interviews conducted on-site and 330 telephone survey questionnaires. We critically analyse of the notion of overuse and underscore the socio-economic, cultural and ideological weight it carries in the context of socio-natural change; this calls into question the relevance of the ancient nature/culture dichotomy. Drawing on theoretical tools from environmental sociology, this article also provides some perspectives for natural area managers.
The emergence of online social networking platforms established a new way of identifying ourselves as being related to other individuals. Previous research has looked at the impact these ‘networking’ applications have on individuals’ everyday lives. Nonetheless, obtaining convincing data on how individuals assess the quality of digitally mediated social relationships has often been perceived challenging. Drawing on a methodological framework rooted in a social network analysis approach, this paper traces the suitability of hand-drawn network maps for eliciting data on how individuals give meaning to digitally mediated social relationships by comparing it to traditional tools used in social network analysis. The results show that using hand-drawn network maps in this particular context provides respondents with a more tangible resource to recall data on digitally mediated social relationships. In particular, this methodological approach elicits substantial data on abstract thematic areas that are typically difficult to recall using standardised techniques.
Guillaume Ruiz, David Pichonnaz, Florent Castagnino and Sandrine Garcia
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