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The Usefulness of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Monitoring the Location of Eloquent Area and Function Preservation in Brain Surgery

-invasive and sensitive tool for assessing brain plasticity may be very useful in predicting the proper timing for subsequent surgeries as well as in preoperative planning of the extent of tumor resection.We imagine that NIRS may be a useful tool in monitoring of low grade tumours for plasticity. The aim of this paper is to highlight the usefulness of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in evaluating the possibility of functional preservation for surgeries in eloquent areas. 2 Case report The patient was a right handed 46-year-old woman, who had a history of multiple

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Can we see the living brain? A review on in vivo visualization of the brain

regions and moving toward higher brain functions such as cognitive functions in the brain. fMRI is one of the most revolutionary tools for neuroscience and has become essential for the investigation of higher order cognitive functions such as brain interconnectivity and plasticity. Thus, fMRI allows for visualization of a network of brain regions which are active when we think. So, for instance, Altenmueller demonstrated that cortical activation during music processing reflects the auditory “learning biography,” the personal experiences accumulated over time

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Early Results of Microsurgical Treatment of Acromegaly

-secreting adenomas is an infrequent disorder but represents a large proportion of the pituitary tumors requiring surgery. It is still a challenge for experienced neurosurgeons because, despite newer diagnostic and therapeutic tools, many patients continue to have symptoms and biochemical abnormalities postoperatively [ 3 ]. The transnasal approach allows tumor resection in most microadenomas; however, larger adenomas represent a major challenge. Complete surgical resection is possible with this technique only where the lesion is located within the internal walls of the cavernous

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