Chrysoula Papageorgiou, Demetrios Ioannides, Zoe Apalla, Efstratios Vakirlis, Elisabeth Lazaridou, Eleni Sotiriou and Aimilios Lallas
cases. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014;105(7):683-93.
5. Pizzichetta MA, Kittler H, Stanganelli I, Bono R, Cavicchini S, De Giorgi V, et al. Pigmented nodular melanoma: the predictive value of dermoscopic features using multivariate analysis. Br J Dermatol. 2015;173(1):106-14.
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7. Argenziano G, Ferrara G, Francione S, Di Nola K, Martino A, Zalaudek I. Dermoscopy--the ultimate tool for
Sebaceous nevus is a congenital hamartoma commonly associated with the development of secondary neoplasms. It has a predilection for the scalp and less commonly manifests on the face, the neck, and the trunk. The lesions presented in our cases are from the trunk of a 19-year old man, the forehead of a 25-year old man, the scalp of a 22-year old woman and from the face of a 45-year old man. Two of four cases were associated with secondary neoplasms, syringoma and basal cell carcinoma. Dermoscopy of nevus sebaceous demonstrated yellowish-brown globular structures, presenting either singly or in clusters and pink-brown-grey papillary appearance. The specific dermoscopic findings in our case associated with basal cell carcinoma were fine arborizing and serpiginous vessels at the periphery of the lesion and exophytic grey papillary structures. Dermoscopy can be a useful diagnostic tool for diagnosing and monitoring nevus sebaceous in order to detect different tumors associated with nevus sebaceous and avoid unnecessary excisions and scars in aesthetically sensitive locations.
Zoran Golušin, Marina Jovanović, Milan Matić, Ljuba Vujanović, Tatjana Roš and Biljana Jeremić
Serological tests represent a valuable tool for the diagnosis and monitoring the syphilis treatment. Non-treponemal antibodies are nonspecific to detect the infection, but antibody titers are used to monitor the effects of syphilis treatment. A definitive diagnosis of syphilis is made using treponemal tests, because they detect specific antibodies to the treponemal strains or treponemal fragments, which cause syphilis. These tests may remain reactive for years, sometimes for life, regardless of the therapy outcome. Even after successful treatment, approximately 85% of patients remain positive for treponemal antibodies for the rest of their lives. However, treponemal tests cannot differentiate past infections from a current infection. Therefore, we use a combination of specific and non-specific tests, the two most frequently used diagnostic algorithms. The traditional algorithm begins with a non-treponemal assay, and if it is positive, the treponemal test is done. A positive treponemal test indicates syphilis. The reverse serology algorithm detects early, primary, and treated syphilis that may be missed with traditional screening. However, non-treponemal test is necessary to detect patients with active syphilis.
Danijela D. Dobrosavljević, Dimitrije Brašanac, Silvana Lukić and Ljiljana Medenica
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Lidija Kandolf-Sekulović, Bojana Cikota, Miroslav Dinić, Dušan Škiljević and Zvonko Magić
diagnosis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in patients with erythroderma. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2005;129:372-6.
10. Cordel N, Lenormand B, Courville P, Lauret P, Joly P. Detection of clonal T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement with the use of PCR-DGGE technique in the diagnosis of erythroderma. Ann Dermatol Venereol 2001;128:220-3.
11. Cherny S, Mraz S, Su L, Harvell J, Kohler S. Heteroduplex analysis of T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement as an adjuvant diagnostic tool in skin biopsies for erythroderma. J Cutan Pathol 2001
42. Prćić S, Đurović D, Đuran V, Vuković D, Gajinov Z. Neke psihološke karakteristike adolescenata sa vitiligom: naši rezultati. Med Pregl 2006;59(5-6):265-9.
43. Valkova S, Trashlieva M, Christova P. Treatment of vitiligo with local khellin and UVA: comparasion with systemic PUVA. Clin Exp Dermatol 2004;29:180-4.
44. Hamzawi I, Jain H, McLean D, Shapiro J, Zeng H, Lui H. Parametric modeling of narrow-band UVB fototherapy for vitiligo ussing a novel quantitative tool: the Vitiligo Area Scoring Index. Arch Dermatol 2004
C. Nailfold capillaroscopy is useful for the diagnosis and follow-up of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. A future tool for the analysis of microvascular heart involvement? Rheumatology (Oxford) 2006;45(Suppl 4):iv43-6.
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88. Hughes M, Moore T, O’Leary N, Tracey A, Ennis H, Dinsdale G, et al. A study comparing videocapillaroscopy and dermoscopy in the assessment of nailfold capillaries in patients with systemic