Barbara Ślusarska, Danuta Zarzycka, Anna Majda and Beata Dobrowolska
1. Majda A, Zalewska-Puchała J. Kulturowe odrębności w pielęgniarstwie. [w:]. Podstawy pielęgniarstwa. Założenia koncepcyjno-empiryczne opieki pielęgniarskiej. red. D. Zarzycka, B. Ślusarska. Warszawa: WL PZWL 2017, s. 119-140.
2. Higginbottom GMA, Richter MS, Mogale RS, et al. Identification of nursing assessment models/tools validated in clinical practicefor usewith diverse ethno-cultural groups: An integrative review of the literature. BMC Nursing. 2011; 3; 10-16. doi: 10,1186/1472-6955-10-16.
3. Leininger M. Culture care theory
Renata Piotrkowska, Piotr Jarzynkowski and Janina Książek
Introduction. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its most severe complication, pulmonary embolism (PE) is an interdisciplinary medical problem. Despite a wealth of knowledge, pulmonary embolism is the cause of about 10% of deaths among hospitalized patients and the most common factor which can be prevented. Therefore correct, rapid diagnosis of the patient’s assessment of the risk of sudden death and the quick implementation of treatment are essential to reduce mortality in this disease and prevent its distant complications.
Aim of the study. The aim of this paper is to discuss on the basis of Polish and world literature the selected diagnostic tools in assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic disease.
the availabilities and usage of modern shielding tools (IBS) and CRS for patients undergoing CT exams in five hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran.
Materials and methods
We conducted an observational cross-sectional study as an audit or service evaluation in five hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran including three teaching and two general hospitals, during August 2014 to September 2014. Ahvaz is a regional provincial capital in the south-west of Iran. Six radiology technologist students agreed to participate in this audit. After preliminary coordination and training, the students
Justyna Kosydar-Bochenek, Bogumił Lewandowski, Dorota Ozga and Krystyna Woźniak
The profession of a paramedic involves a constant contact with traumatic events - road accidents, disasters, acts of violence and so on. As a consequence of such frequent and long-lasting exposure to traumatic events, paramedics are prone to developing PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder). This is a chronic disorder impacting cognitive, emotional, behavioral and somatic experiences. As a result of a prolonged exposure to stressful events, such condition can be life threatening. There are two ways of diagnosing PTSD: structured interviews and self-rating questionnaires (self-rating scales). The researcher should choose the best method possible relying not only on its procedure. In addition, merit based factors and psychometric parameters should be taken into consideration. The present article provides an overview of both Polish as well as foreign PTSD assessment methods, which could be incorporated into the research conducted in a group of paramedics.
appendectomy surgery, patients were randomly separated into the chewing gum group (120 patients) and the control group (120 patients). We made a simple randomization by assigning the first patient to the chewing gum group and the next one to the control group, this being recurrent over and over until 240 cases were gained.
2.1.2 Tools for data collection
To attain the aim of this study, the following two tools were utilized for data collection.
Tool I : Structured interviewing schedule; consisted of two parts: prepared by the investigators after appraisal of the
and inpatient hospital services would be used less.
3.7 Empirical referents
During the literature search, several measurement tools were used by nurse researchers in five studies of adherence from 2006 to 2016. Clark et al. 22 found that self-report questionnaires and patient self-reporting were the most common measurement tools of adherence. It can provide an effective way of screening patients for nonad-herent behavior and is easy for health-care providers to use. Physiological parameters, illness perceptions, and treatment perceptions can also be used in
Ya-Qian Liu, Yu-Feng Li, Meng-Jie Lei, Peng-Xi Liu, Julie Theobald, Li-Na Meng, Ting-Ting Liu, Chun-Mei Zhang and Chang-De Jin
having several stages, including assessing (readiness for self-direction, learning needs, material and human resources, and the learning environment), planning (interpreting self-directed learning), implementing, and evaluating. 15
Many reviews of the literature revealed that a number of tools were used to measure self-directed learning ability, such as the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS), 16 Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale for Nursing Education (SDLRSNE), 10 Self-Regulated Learning scale (SRL), 17 Autonomous Learning Competencies scale (ALC
Marta Piróg, Olga Padała, Marta Podgórniak, Maciej Putowski, Monika Sadowska and Wdowiak Artur
1. Curado MP, Edwards B, Shin HR, et al. Cancer incidence in five continents. IX. IARC Press. France: 2007; 160.
2. Engholm G, Ferlay J, Christensen N, et al. NORDCAN--a Nordic tool for cancer information, planning, quality control and research. Acta Oncol. 2010;49(5): 725-736.
3. Nigam M, Aschebrook-Kilfoy B, Shikanov S, et al. Increasing incidence of testicular cancer in the United States and Europe between 1992 and 2009. World Journal of Urology. 2015;33(5): 623-631.
4. Huyghe E
Ling He, Yu-Feng Ma, Ke-Sen Zhang and Ya-Xing Wang
methods to further reveal the connotation of self-esteem for nurses and their role as mediators. In addition, many existing scales or questionnaires measuring self-esteem are homogeneous. A single research method may affect the scientific nature of the research results. In the future, questionnaires, interviews, interventions, and other methods of investigations can be used together to make the research more scientific and practical.
6.3 Develop dedicated nurse measurement tool
Cultural patterns have a great influence on self-esteem. At present, the universal
China. At present, there is no tool that can evaluate nurses’ attitudes toward the violence, and there are two methods for the generation of assessment tools: 22 one is the self-designed scales, which are time-consuming and costly; another is revising the foreign mature scales, which are used in the practice of nursing in China after cross-cultural adaptation. It is relatively simple, convenient, and relatively common. MAVAS has already been introduced into other countries and regions and identified it as an excellent tool. 23 , 24 The present study introduced MAVAS