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Cultural competence in nursing – basic conceptualisation and tools for scientific assessment

PIŚMIENNICTWO 1. Majda A, Zalewska-Puchała J. Kulturowe odrębności w pielęgniarstwie. [w:]. Podstawy pielęgniarstwa. Założenia koncepcyjno-empiryczne opieki pielęgniarskiej. red. D. Zarzycka, B. Ślusarska. Warszawa: WL PZWL 2017, s. 119-140. 2. Higginbottom GMA, Richter MS, Mogale RS, et al. Identification of nursing assessment models/tools validated in clinical practicefor usewith diverse ethno-cultural groups: An integrative review of the literature. BMC Nursing. 2011; 3; 10-16. doi: 10,1186/1472-6955-10-16. 3. Leininger M. Culture care theory

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Assessment Tools in Early Detection of Osteoporosis in Dentistry

prevention of osteoporosis. In: Riggs BL, Melton LJ, urednici. Osteoporosis: Ethiology, Diagnosis and Management. New York (NY): Raven Press ; 1995. str. 333. Bras J, Van Ooij CP, Abraham-Inpijin L, Kusen GJ, Wilmink JM. Radiographic interpretation of the mandibular angular cortex: a diagnostic tool in metabolic bone loss. Part I. Normal state and postmenopausal osteoporosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1982;53:541-5. Ledgerton D, Horner K, Devlin H, Worthington H. Radiomorphometric indices of the mandible in a

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Comparison of a Web-Based Dietary Assessment Tool with Software for the Evaluation of Dietary Records / Primerjava Spletne Aplikacije in Računalniškega Programa Za Ovrednotenje Prehranskih Dnevnikov

Abstract

Background. Dietary assessment in clinical practice is performed by means of computer support, either in the form of a web-based tool or software. The aim of the paper is to present the results of the comparison of a Slovenian web-based tool with German software for the evaluation of four-day weighted paper-andpencil- based dietary records (paper-DRs) in pregnant women.

Methods. A volunteer group of pregnant women (n=63) completed paper-DRs. These records were entered by an experienced research dietitian into a web-based application (Open Platform for Clinical Nutrition, OPEN, http://opkp.si/en, Ljubljana, Slovenia) and software application (Prodi 5.7 Expert plus, Nutri- Science, Stuttgart, Germany, 2011). The results for calculated energy intake, as well as 45 macro- and micronutrient intakes, were statistically compared by using the non-parametric Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The cut-off for Spearman’s rho was set at >0.600.

Results. 12 nutritional parameters (energy, carbohydrates, fat, protein, water, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, dietary fiber, vitamin C, folic acid, and stearic acid) were in high correlation (>0.800), 18 in moderate (0.600-0.799), 11 in weak correlation (0.400-0.599), while 5 (arachidonic acid, niacin, alphalinolenic acid, fluoride, total sugars) did not show any statistical correlation.

Conclusion. Comparison of the results of the evaluation of dietary records using a web-based dietary assessment tool with those using software shows that there is a high correlation for energy and macronutrient content.

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Prevalence of radiosensitive organ shielding in patients undergoing computed tomography examinations: an observational service audit in Ahvaz, Iran

the availabilities and usage of modern shielding tools (IBS) and CRS for patients undergoing CT exams in five hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran. Materials and methods We conducted an observational cross-sectional study as an audit or service evaluation in five hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran including three teaching and two general hospitals, during August 2014 to September 2014. Ahvaz is a regional provincial capital in the south-west of Iran. Six radiology technologist students agreed to participate in this audit. After preliminary coordination and training, the students

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Radiological risk assessment: an overview of the ERICA Integrated Approach and the ERICA Tool use

;99:1364-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2007.11.019 4. Brown JE, Alfonso B, Avila R, Beresford NA, Copplestone D, Hosseini A. A new version of the ERICA tool to facilitate impact assessments of radioactivity on wild plants and animals. J Environ Radioact 2016;153:141-8. doi: 10.1016/j. jenvrad.2015.12.011 5. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. UNSCEAR 2008 report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. Vol II. Annex E, Effect of Ionizing Radiation on

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Competition and Cooperation in European Professional Club Football

Abstract

The aim of the article is to highlight the theoretical assumption that the relative competitive disadvantage between markets with different maximum sizes can be partially counteracted with strategic thinking and business-like operations. The research question presented in this article is whether there are any management tools available for clubs which they can use to improve their business competitiveness above and beyond the limitations of their maximum market size. According to the research hypothesis, there is such a tool available for clubs: the management and operation of a football club in a well-organized and business-like manner. The method of analysis is the so-called Grounded Theory (Glaser, & Strauss, 1967; Locke, 2001), which is an abstract analytical schema with a systematic data analysis process. The data collection incorporates desk research, comparative analysis, organizational review, and in-depth interviews. The results are presented according to the following dimensions: a) relevance of the research question; b) specification of groups of relevant management tools; c) the role of the national football association in the process of market development; d) the role of the owners in this process; and e) how the structure of the sector and its operating processes can guarantee the efficient utilization of all the material resources which have been plowed into the sector over the last four to five years. According to the conclusions, the creation of an operating system and club model that allows for the utilization of resources - maximized market revenues and governmental sources - in the most effective way is an unavoidable challenge. The formation of the sustainable operations of clubs is fundamentally influenced by club owners. An inspection of the interaction between club owners, head coaches, and players is a key task in the process of creating a new club model.

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Different Tools for the Assessment of Bone Mass among Egyptian Adults

GM, Fogelman I. Role of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. J Clin Densitom. 2007; 10:102-110. 5. Bauer JS, Virmani S, Mueller DK. Quantitative CT to assess BMD as a diagnostic tool for osteoporosis and related fractures. Medica Mundi. 2010; 54(2): 31-37. 6. Dargent-Molina P, Piault S, Bréart G. Identification of women at increased risk of osteoporosis: no need to use different screening tools at different ages. Maturitas. 2006;54(1):55-64. 7. Hiernaux J, Tanner JM. Growth and physical studies. In: Human Biology

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Unsedated transnasal esophagoscopy: a sensitive and safe outpatient screening tool

Transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) is a tool for otolaryngologists that is emerging for examination of the upper aerodigestive tract [ 1 ]. The feasibility and practicality of TNE for screening of head and neck cancer is useful for in-office examination without sedation [ 2 - 4 ]. Compared with conventional techniques, TNE has comparable diagnostic accuracy and patient tolerance [ 5 , 6 ]. A small caliber flexible endoscope with distal-chip technology allows more complete evaluations of patients with dysphagia, second primary cancers or laryngopharyngeal reflux by

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Description of selected diagnostic tools in assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic disease

Abstract

Introduction. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its most severe complication, pulmonary embolism (PE) is an interdisciplinary medical problem. Despite a wealth of knowledge, pulmonary embolism is the cause of about 10% of deaths among hospitalized patients and the most common factor which can be prevented. Therefore correct, rapid diagnosis of the patient’s assessment of the risk of sudden death and the quick implementation of treatment are essential to reduce mortality in this disease and prevent its distant complications.

Aim of the study. The aim of this paper is to discuss on the basis of Polish and world literature the selected diagnostic tools in assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic disease.

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Instruments for Disease-Specific Quality-of-Life Measurement in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - A Systematic Review / Инструменты Для Оценки Специфического Качества Жизни Пациентов, Больных Сахарным Диабетом Типа 2

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a disease which carries a considerable social impact in Bulgaria and across the world because of its high prevalence. Research literature has recently included lots of studies investigating the effects of diabetes mellitus on the quality of life of diabetic patients and also many instruments to assess these effects. Quality of life is a concept that encompasses an individual‘s subjective perception of physical, emotional and social wellbeing, including both a cognitive component (satisfaction) and an emotional component (happiness). We review and analyse in the present article major determinants of disease-specific quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the tools used for assessment.

RESULTS: Fourteen instruments for measuring quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) met our search criteria. Their contents covered different quality-of-life domains or indicators - typical diabetes symptoms, general health and quality of life, personality traits, physical functioning, mental and social well-being, treatment and quality of life. Most of the disease-specific tools had been field tested and data about their reliability and validity have been reported. Few tools had been subjected to formal assessment of their adaptability to changes.

CONCLUSIONS: Of the instruments we assessed the most promising approaches for measuring the diabetes-specific quality of life are offered by ADDQoL, DСP and WBQ. Patients were involved in the development of these tools which have been shown by a number of studies to have good internal reliability, external and construct validity. Efforts are being continually made worldwide to develop a standard ensuring valid, reliable, easy to use tool for assessing quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in order to promote patients integration into society.

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