Delahaye, B.L., Human Resource Development and the Management of Knowledge Capital, Human Resource Management: Challenges and Future Directions . Brisbane: John Wiley & Sons Australia, 2003
 Ruggles, R., Knowledge Management Tools . Taylor & Francis, 1997
 Nicolescu, O. and Nicolescu, C., Organizatia si managementul bazate pe cunostinte , Bucharest, ProUniversitaria, 2011
 Ceptureanu E.G., Employee’s reaction to change in Romanian SMEs, Review of International Comparative Management , Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.77
The main aim of this paper is to determine which factors of business tools are important in Czech companies. To find these factors, theoretical information from the area of trade tools and data from primary research (obtained via questionnaire) were used. These data are applied by a statistical evaluation of selected indicators which could help determine the significance of the indicators in the area being monitored. Activities concerning the management of company finances are also partially incorporated, as due to their close cohesion with business, they cannot be excluded from the field of turnaround management. The business tools described in the paper see excellent usage not only during times of crisis but also in periods of prosperity, when their application provides companies with unique competitive advantages as a way of increasing GDP. The results of the paper confirm the necessity for compensation tools in the business environment and provide the significance level of the compensation tools used. Accurate usage could create an advantage in a global market characterised by high competition.
Emmanuel Ufuophu-Biri and Lucky Ogheneruemu Ojoboh
Mobile phones have become very popular among people in different countries of the world and apart from the traditional role of making and receiving of calls; they have been adopted for several other uses. Its use for those activities tends to pose challenge to the conventional media tools that are used traditionally to perform those activities. The study thus aims at determining the pattern of mobile phone usage by students of Delta State University, Abraka; their preference pattern for mobile telephone and conventional media tools in carrying out certain activities; and the implication of their use of mobile telephone on conventional media toolsThe study adopted the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), which explains how a person comes to accept and use an information technology. Survey and questionnaire were used as the research method and instrument respectively. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The study found that the students preferred using mobile phones to perform tasks that were originally performed with conventional media tools; and the use of mobile phone by the students also suggested a diminishing patronage of conventional media tools. The study recommends that providers of those conventional media tools should improve on their services to avoid losing patronage, and they should make their products and services adaptable to mobile phone users in order to boost patronage.
Many studies have documented the negative effect of corruption on development, economic growth, and democracy. Independent anti-corruption agencies are often recommended as the tool to curb corruption. However, their efficiency depends on the political will to allocate authority, powers, and resources. Moreover, setting up new institutions is always costly and accordingly problematic to low and middle income countries. The present study suggests that public administration processes in their own right are a tool to combat corruption. The article uses a survey with responses from 1706 public employees in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Using OLS regression, the study confirms others findings that strengthening meritocracy is an important factor in curbing corruption. It adds to this that enhancing monitoring is a factor just as effective against corruption as meritocracy. It adds attention to the reverse effect associated with hierarchical organizations, norms accepting rule bending, and network decisions. Finally, addressing salaries’ and performance payment’s impact on corruption the study finds no relation.
Osasu Obaretin, Sadiq Oshoke Akhor and Osahon Emmanuel Oseghale
Oladiran, A. (2009). Resources taxation as a tool for development, I.E.I.R.2. Thomson Reuters (Legal) Limited and Contributors.
Osemeke, M. (2010). Practical approach to taxation and tax management. Benin City: Ethiope Publishing Corporation, Ring Road.
Saez, E. (2004). Direct or indirect tax instruments for redistribution: Short-run versus long-run. Journal of Public Economics, 58 (2), 503-518.
Weller, C.E., & Rao, M. (2008). Can progressive taxation contribute to economic development
of the Czechoslovakia until present. In Agric. Econ. – Czech, 62: 528–536.
7. KOBZA, J. 2015. Permanent soil monitoring system as a basic tool for protection of soils and sustainable land use in Slovakia. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 25 012011.
8. POUTA, E. – MYYRÄ, S. – PIETOLA, K. 2012. Landowner response to policies regulating land improvements in Finland: Lease or search for other options? In Land Use Policy, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 367–376.
9. SCHWARCZ, P. – BANDLEROVÁ, A. – SCHWARCZOVÁ, L. 2013. Selected issues of the agricultural land
Evaluation of the European Union Structural Funds' Support in Poland: Scope and Significance
Poland has made significant efforts in the development of the evaluation function as a tool for better decision-making and good governance. Starting from the pre-accession program PHARE as legal obligation, current evaluation is not only used as a tool for accountability and knowledge production but evaluation results are used in the national decision making on. Poland has also made significant attempts to implement a European Union Cohesion policy, the outcome of which should be to decentralize the evaluation function too. However, the system is not working properly yet, due to different obstacles such as lack of human resources, quality of evaluation studies and relevant monitoring data. Poland is moving to the most advanced stage in terms of evaluation content, quality between European Union member states and maybe good example for the present and future members how to make evaluation really work for decision making and absorption of structural funds.