Creative economy has become an important part of the development policies for more than a decade. Traditional approaches and tools of regional policy have not sufficiently operated in the creative economy framework. The paper presents the first insight of authors an this topic. The first part is focused on creative economy as a policy object in theory and in the EU policy level. It is followed by examples from two countries oriented on SMEs policy tools and on institutional framework. On a basis of the case studies the paper also looks at policy tools and their status in Slovakia. The final part contains proposals for policy tools in two areas - tools oriented on small and medium sized enterprises support and tools for creation of a specific creative economy development conditions (regulatory framework, supporting institutions and intellectual property rights area).
Works, October, 339-343 (1970).
 Calheiros C.S.C, A.O.S.S. Rangel, M.L.P. Castro: The effects of tannery wastewater on the development of different plant species and chromium accumulation in Phragmites australis , Arch. Environ. Contam., 55 (3) , 404-414 (2008).
 Cude C.G.: Oregon Water Quality Index: A tool for evaluating water quality management effectiveness , Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 37 (1) , 125-137 (2001).
 Daraigan S.G., A.S. Wahdain, A.S. BaMosa, M.H. Obid: Linear
Global financial and economic recession had negatively influenced the dynamic of the international trade in 2008-2012. The post-crisis period of global market development can be described by the tendency of growing international trade flows. However, according to many experts, to ensure this tendency, the international trade policy within the frame of the WTO should be changed. The paper includes the analysis of current market of the EU-CIS trade, describes the main tendencies of its post-crisis development and major approaches and tools to ensure sustainability of such development. The analysis involved main exporting and importing countries for each analyzed product group. Sub-goals include an overview of the WTO threats and opportunities for Russian agriculture and trade with agricultural products globally, as well as comparison of main consequences of the WTO accession for the CIS countries, such as Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia and Moldova. This is also related to the state support of agricultural production in Russia and CIS and its influence on volumes, directions, structure and effectiveness of international trade with agricultural products.
Article presents The register SUGGESTIONS, what is one of the main part of the OKTOPUS system (System about land, creation and land consolidation in Slovakia). This system has been created and presented in the model catchment area of the river Žitava in the previous work (125 cadastral areas in total area of 162,801 ha). Optimal combinations of land management are described mainly for land consolidation projects from erosion control, water management and ecological perspective. Modified processes for calculating the degree of soil erosion risk of the area, coefficient of ecological stability and methods of determination of critical points are used in The register SUGGESTIONS. Based on identified and evaluated dominant problems in the area there are proposed solutions (through symbols derived from concrete situations on land blocks) where to aim potential suggestions, mainly for designers of land consolidation projects. The contribution states procedures of obtaining symbols of The register SUGGESTIONS, recommendations derived from the register and three case studies.
Considering the frequently changing business environment, staying competitive on the current markets takes more efforts from companies in the 21st century. Conducting only incremental product innovation does not meet the market criteria anymore. The successful entrepreneurs of the future must focus more on the design of their business models to gain superior economic performance. Besides the market, society has also raised a major requirement towards companies, which is being socially responsible. The word ‘sustainability’ regarding businesses might confuse a lot of people as several aspects of the term reach beyond its traditional economic interpretation. The present study provides a clear explanation and furthermore examines its application at a corporate level. This paper aims to present how business model innovation does not simply lead to economic success but its generated value can be extended to social and environmental aspects as well.
Anna Flader, Barbara Gworek and Jolanta Kostrzewa-Szulc
The presented studies were focused on evaluating the utility of one of sequential extraction methods for evaluating the bioavailability of mercury in soils polluted by this element. Soil samples collected from horizons 0-20 cm and 20-80 cm were subject to analysis of the basic physical and chemical properties of soils. Moreover, the total content of mercury was determined and sequential extraction of mercury was conducted using a modified five-stage Wallschläger method. The analyses show that the studied soils are characterized by a variable mercury content, the highest in the surface soil horizons. Sequential extraction of mercury in the analyzed soils has indicated that the highest percentage content in the total content had mercury linked with sulphides. A high content of mercury linked with organic matter was also noted. The content of bioavailable mercury did not exceed 1.5% of the total content.
The purpose of the research is to study the role of Euroregions in the provision of sustainable development of border regions of Ukraine on the basis of the analysis of European experience and the research of Ukrainian practice. The paper describes the development of transboundary cooperation in Europe, the peculiarities of the integration processes in the Euroregions, shows the development of Euroregions in Ukraine: „Carpatskyj“, „Bug“, „Nyzhnij Dunaj“, „Dniester“, „Verhnij Prut“, „Dnieper“, „Slobozhanshchyna“, „Yaroslavna“, defines their composition and structure, describes the basic functioning problems, such as low level of social and economic development in comparison with other (central) regions, the peripheral nature of economics, the presence of “a zone of potential political exertion“; the distance from the inner sources of regional security forms their focus on foreign economic cooperation, which makes them fragile to the dynamics of trade and economic relations of Ukraine with the neighbouring countries. The map of attraction of the regions of Ukraine into the European regions is made, in particular the regions that are proposed to be included in the composition of European regions for activation of transboundary cooperation are selected, and the proposed scenarios for the development of relations of Ukraine with the neighbouring countries are created.
The paper presents preliminary results of investigations on a relationship between turbidity and other quality parameters in the SBR plant effluent. The laboratory tests demonstrated a high correlation between an effluent turbidity and a total suspended solids (TSS) concentration as well as between TSS and COD. Such a relationship would help to continuously monitor and control quality of a wastewater discharge using turbidity measurement.
Piotr Holnicki, Andrzej Kałuszko, Zbigniew Nahorski, Krystyna Stankiewicz and Wojciech Trapp
Turin urban area, Environmental Modelling & Software , 21, pp. 468–476.
Carnevale, C., Finzi, G., Pisoni, E., Volta, M., Guariso, G., Gianfreda, R., Maffeis, G., Thunis, P. White, L. & Triacchini, G. (2012). An integrated assessment tool to define effective air quality policies at regional scale, Environmental Modelling & Software , 38, pp. 306–315.
Chafe, Z.A., Braue,r M., Klimont, Z., van Dingenen, R., Mehta, S., Rao, S., Riahi K., Dentener, F. & Smith, K.R. (2014). Household cooking with solid fuels contributes to ambient PM 2.5 air pollution and the
Krzysztof Jóźwiakowski, Zbigniew Mucha, Agnieszka Generowicz, Stanisław Baran, Jolanta Bielińska and Włodzimierz Wójcik
decision-support tool for assessing the environmental benefi ts and the economic attractiveness of best available techniques in industry, Journal of Cleaner Production, 16, 3, pp. 359-373.
GUS, (2014). Environmental Protection, Informacje i opracowania statystyczne, Warszawa, 574. (in Polish)
Heidrich, Z., Kalenik, M., Podedworna, J. & Stańko, G. (2008). Rural sanitation, Wydawnictwo Seidel-Przywecki, 374. (in Polish)
Jóźwiakowski, K. (2003). Analysis of wastewater treatment effi ciency in household plants in rural areas