Environmental management concepts supported by information technology
The genesis and development of environmental management concepts are presented. An overview of the current environmental management ideas, programmes and systems, including Sustainable Development, Responsible Care, Cleaner Production, environmental management based on ISO 14000, and EMAS is provided. Selected computer-aided tools and techniques for improving the quality of environmental management are proposed.
sediments. Org. Geochem. 86, 71–80. DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2015.06.009.
13. Carrie, J., Sanei, H. & Stern, G. (2012). Standardisation of Rock-Eval pyrolysis for the analysis of recent sediments and soils. Org. Geochem. 46, 38–53. DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.01.011.
14. Hetényi, M. & Nyilas, T. (2014). Soil organic matter characterization using S3 and S4 signals from Rock-Eval pyrolysis. Pedosphere 24(5), 563–574.
15. Hetényi, M., Nyilas, T. & Toth, T.M. (2005). Stepwise Rock-Eval pyrolysis as a tool for typing heterogeneous organic matter in
Clinching is a joining method in which sheet metal parts are deformed locally by creating a mechanical interlock without the use of any additional elements such as screws or rivets. Steel sheets are plastically deformed and the shape of the tools remains theoretically unchanged during the clinching process. The clinching tool with a rigid die of ø5 mm with a specially formed gap and a punch of ø3.6 mm were used for mechanical joining of hot-dip galvanized dual-phase steel sheets HCT600X of 0.8 mm thickness. The punch and die were deposited by PVD coating of CrN and TiCN type with LARC technology. The state of the coating was evaluated and documented by scanning electron microscopy – SEM. The wear of the coating was evaluated after each 50 manufactured joints starting with the initial state of tool.
Peter Kaštier, Michaela Martinčová, Roderik Fiala and Alžbeta Blehová
Dodder (Cuscuta) species cause severe agricultural damage in many countries throughout the world. To establish strategies for control of its growth and spreading it is important to study its life cycle and survival strategies. For these efforts genetic modification would represent a powerful tool. Here we report on Agrobacteriummediated transformation of dodder using green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to actin-binding protein as a vital marker. Since the shoot of germinating C. europaea contains a functional apical meristem and grows quickly comparing to the root-like structure, the shoot apex was used here as explant. The transgene expression was only transient, nevertheless it enabled to detect allocation of actin filaments and studying the cytoskeleton organization in dodder shoot apex. Transient expression of GFP appears to be a suitable method for studying Cuscuta development through cytoskeleton organisation that is presently largely unexplored.
Pierfausto Seneci, Giorgio Fassina, Vladimir Frecer and Stanislav Miertus
MORTIER, J., RAKERS, C., FREDERICK, R., WOLBER, G.: Computational tools for in silico fragment-based drug design. Curr. Top. Med. Chem., 12, 2012, 1935-1943.
NAIK, A. D., MENEGATTI, S., GURGEL, P. V., CARBONELL, R. G.: Performance of hexamer peptide ligands for affinity purification of immunoglobulin G from commercial cell culture media. J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 2011, 1691-700.
NIXON, A.E.: Phage Display as a Tool for Protease Ligand Discovery. Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol., 3, 2002, 1-12.
NOPPE, W., PLIEVA, F. M., GALAEV, I. Y
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6. R. S. Mishra, P. S. De, and N. Kumar, “Fundamental Physical Metallurgy Background for FSW/P,” Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Science and Engineering , pp. 59-93, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
7. R. S. Mishra, and Z. Ma, “Friction stir welding and processing,” Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports 2005 , 50 (1), 1-78.
8. R. Padmanaban, V. Balusamy, and V. R. Kishore, “Effect of axial pressure and tool rotation speed on temperature distribution during dissimilar friction stir welding
Paulina Pianko-Oprych, Tomasz Zinko and Zdzisław Jaworski
The aim of this study was to highlight the interest of using CFD technique as a diagnostic tool of a malfunctioning Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Hydrogen starvation of a SOFC due to nitrogen dilution is one of the cell dysfunctions and can lead to its degradation. Identification of the starvation point allows to improve cell performance and establish the best conditions for degradation tests. To illustrate a potential of the CFD tool, several simulations of a single planar SOFC and its behaviour under hydrogen starvation were performed and analysed. The results showed that at lower cell voltage values of 0.3 and 0.5 V significant gradients in the electric current were noticed due to a local reduction in hydrogen concentration. The CFD analysis allowed defining desirable mass flow rate of hydrogen to SOFCs to avoid fuel starvation. The model constitutes a helpful tool for optimizing cell design and operational conditions.
Gabriel Wróbel, Maciej Rojek and Małgorzata Szymiczek
The purpose of the present work was the elaboration of research methodology of the exhaustion degree of performance properties of pipes based on unsaturated polyester and glass fibers, which were manufactured by the cross winding method on a poly(vinyl chloride) core. Within the frame of the work we conducted fatigue-ageing tests being the simulation tool of the degradation process of polyester-glass pipes. Diagnosis of the composite material condition was conducted with the use of nondestructive ultrasonic testing with the application of the echo method, in which the transition time of ultrasonic wave was determined as the identifying parameter. The registered transition time of ultrasonic wave allowed the identification of the material condition during the course of pipes exploitation.
Paulina Pianko-Oprych, Seyed Mehdi Hosseini and Zdzislaw Jaworski
The main purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical model, in a steady state and dynamic mode, of a Catalytic Partial Oxidation (CPOx) reformer – Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) stack integrated system in order to assess the system performance. Mass balance equations were written for each component in the system together with energy equation and implemented into the MATLAB Simulink simulation tool. Temperature, gas concentrations, pressure and current density were computed in the steady-state mode and validated against experimental data. The calculated I–V curve matched well the experimental one. In the dynamic modelling, several different conditions including step changes in fuel flow rates, stack voltage as well as temperature values were applied to estimate the system response against the load variations. Results provide valuable insight into the operating conditions that have to be achieved to ensure efficient CPOx performance for fuel processing for the SOFC stack applications.
Marija V. Savic, Predrag B. Djordjevic, Ivan N. Mihajlovic and Zivan D. Zivkovic
This article presents the results of the statistical modeling of copper losses in the silicate slag of the sulfide concentrates smelting process. The aim of this study was to define the correlation dependence of the degree of copper losses in the silicate slag on the following parameters of technological processes: SiO2, FeO, Fe3O4, CaO and Al2O3 content in the slag and copper content in the matte. Multiple linear regression analysis (MLRA), artificial neural networks (ANNs) and adaptive network based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) were used as tools for mathematical analysis of the indicated problem. The best correlation coefficient (R2 = 0.719) of the final model was obtained using the ANFIS modeling approach.