[Lamey and Bristow, 2015] Lamey, B. and Bristow, C. (2015). The game as a talking tool: Using a board game for creative consultation, engagement and inclusion. In Creative Education, Teaching and Learning: Creativity, Engagement and the Student Experience , pages 243–253. Gayle Brewer and Russel Hogarth (Dir), Palgrave Macmillan.
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In the 1870s, Portugal transferred the public works program it was undertaking on the mainland – in which railways played a decisive role – to its African colonies of Angola and Mozambique. In this strategy, the United Kingdom was an obvious partner, given the historical connection between both nations and the geographical proximity between the colonies each country had in Africa. However, British and Portuguese imperial agendas could easily clash, as both London and Lisbon coveted the same areas of Africa. Hence, the initial and apparent cooperation rapidly evolved to a situation of conflict. In this paper, I aim to analyse three instances of dispute between Portugal and Britain about colonial railways in Angola and Mozambique. I will use the methodological tools of conflict resolution analysis in a historical perspective and the concept of track-two diplomacy within the framework of technodiplomacy.
The introduction and expansion of rapid rail transportation in Great Britain helped transform sea fishing and make fresh fish a new commodity of mass consumption. In agriculture the rail network greatly facilitated the shift from mixed cereal farming to dairy farming. To demonstrate the timing and extent of these changes in food production this article blends history and geography to create a spatial history of the subject. Using the computational tools of GIS and text mining, spatial history charts the expanding geography and size of the fresh fish industry and documents the growing concern among fishermen of over-fishing. In agricultural, huge flows of cheap wheat from the United states caused a crisis in British wheat farming, forcing many farmers to convert arable land to pasture for use in dairy farming. Given the growing demand for fresh milk in cities and increased availability of rapid rail transport in rural areas, dairy farming replaced wheat farming in outlying counties such as Wiltshire, the example examined here.
During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), Spanish fascism developed its own repressive tools and resources against their enemies (Republicans, Socialists, Communists and Anarchists among others) in the same way other European fascisms did. The depth of the Spanish nationalism brought Franco’s repression against the Catalan society to the height of the processes of cultural and linguistic persecution in the same way that Nazism or Italian fascism had done in the territories they occupied during the years of World War II.
What keeps cultural studies in motion and, more difficult still, what hold them together? They are continuously animated through so-called ‚turns‘ that in regular intervals open up new perspectives and transform the leading issues and concepts. Such regular innovations are not only due to internal readjustments in terms of methodological changes but are also connected to cultural and social changes. In this way, cultural studies have become an integral part of the transformation of the world as we see and construct it. They are not only a lense through which we observe the transformation of the world, but also a tool with which it is produced. In this active engagement and entanglement with the real world, cultural studies have lost a sense of their professional boundaries. They are constantly extending their realm of research, incorporating avidly new territory. To the extent that cultural studies have embraced the project of cultural self-thematization and self-transformation, they have become as fluid and volatile as culture itself.
Aberdeen City Council: Aberdeen’s medieval burgh records recognized by UNESCO , 2013 https://www.aberdeencity.gov.uk/CouncilNews/ci_cns/pr_archivesUNESCO_090713.asp [accessed 20/02/2017].
Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Bontcheva, K., Tablan, V.: GATE: A framework and graphical development environment for robust NLP tools and applications. In: Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL ·02) , Philadelphia, USA: ACL Press, 2002, pp. 168-175.
Wyner, A., Armstrong, J., Mackillop
Dagmar Ellerbrock, Lars Koch, Sabine Müller-Mall, Marina Münkler, Joachim Scharloth, Dominik Schrage and Gerd Schwerhoff
Hornscheidt, Lann (Hg.) (2011): Schimpfwörter - Beschimpfungen - Pejorisierungen. Wie in Sprache Macht und Identitäten verhandelt werden. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.
Jacquet, Jennifer (2015): Is Shame Necessary? New Uses for an Old Tool. New York City: Pantheon.
Kanzler, Katja/Scharlaj, Marina (2017): Between Glamorous Patriotism and Reality-TV Aesthetics. Political Communication, Popular Culture, and the Invective Turn in Trump‘s United States and Putin‘s Russia. In: Zeitschrift für Slawistik 62.2: 1-23.
Kallmeyer, Werner (1979