Vukan Lavadinović, Zoran Popović, Zoran Ristić and Dejan Beuković
Lavadinović V., Popović Z., Ristić Z., Beuković D.: Threats and international tools for sustainable brown bear (Ursus arctos L.) management. Ekologia (Bratislava), Vol. 32, No. 4, p. 345-351, 2013.
Negative relation between humans and large carnivores with unprofitable management caused a decrease in abundance of the latter within their natural habitat. Main reasons for negative attitudes of humans towards large carnivores are damages, fear and unfamiliarity with their characteristics. Brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a European autochthonous large carnivore. Although it is not threatened at the global level, its abundance in Europe is limited to several populations. Protection has an important role in brown bear conservation, since they face different threats, mainly by negative human activities. Conservation of the brown bear is complicated due to its habitats overlapping with the human environment and also because brown bears require large territories. In order to protect brown bears more efficiently, it is important to identify the threats and to conduct the species protection by international recommendations and agreements. In this paper, we analysed brown bear distribution in Europe, abundance limitation factors and international conservation instruments.
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Muki Haklay, Piotr Jankowski and Zbigniew Zwoliński
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Is the Coarse-Grid Global Climate Model a Useful Tool for Regional Paleoclimate Reconstruction?
This study considers the climate at the time of the Weichselian ice sheet maximum in Central Europe, especially in Poland, in respect of the NASA Educational version of Global Climate Model (EdGCM). The final results of the EdGCM simulations for the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) are presented here and these have been analysed to determine whether or not they are useful for regional scale modelling; the problem being that, in a global climate model, both horizontal and vertical grid resolution is very low. Also, an attempt has been made to define the role of the ice megalobe which, in terms of the numerical coarse-grid model, covered the northern parts of Germany and Poland. The broad details of the climate during the Weichselian are defined and our results are compared with previous opinion. The influence of ice megalobe on regional climate is demonstrated and it is also concluded that a coarse-grid global climate model could be a helpful tool in a regional climate recognition. However, whether at a regional or local scale, it is recommended that a specially-configured version of a Regional Climate Model (RCM) based on Global Climate Model (GCM) boundary conditions be used in similar reconstructions.
The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): A New Tool Facilitating Cross-Border Cooperation and Governance
The European Union is becoming one undivided continent where territories are faced with borderless economic, social and environmental challenges while still being governed within traditional institutional boundaries. Integration raises the question of cohesion among different territories, and territorial cohesion is a new objective for the Union according to the Lisbon Treaty. Cooperation between territories, beyond frontiers and across different institutional layers, is becoming crucial for providing multi-level governance to new functional regions. The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), a new legal and governance tool established by Regulation 1082/2006, was conceived as a substantial upgrade for this multi-level governance and beyond-the-border cooperation. Four years after its adoption, a number of EGTCs have been set up, and new ones are in the pipeline. Recently the European Commission and the Committee of the Regions have launched a consultation with the aim to review the existing legislation since 2007 on the EGTC and adjust it if necessary. The results are to be presented this year in Brussels during the 8th edition of the Open Days.
The article first highlights the EGTC framework in support of integration at a regional level and shows the background of the regulation. It then focuses on the legal issues involved, such as legal personality, potential members, tasks, organisation, state control, and liability of an EGTC. After showing the implementation status of a national EGTC, the article closes with further steps to be taken.
gminach – badania wśród pracowników urzędów miast łódzkiego obszaru metropolitalnego [Geographical information system as a tool for decision making – research among workers of urban gminas of Łodz Metropolitan Area]. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Geodesia et Descriptio Terrarum. Nr 11 (1) p. 29–38.
G awroński W., T yrańska -W izner K. 2014. Wykorzystanie geoinformacji przez Państwową Straż Pożarną [Use of geoinformation by State Fire Service]. Roczniki Geomatyki. T. 12. Z. 2(64) p. 217–224.
G aździcki J. 1990. Systemy informacji przestrzennej [Geographic
Indian civilization has over 2500 years of mapping tradition. With the establishment of the Survey of India in 1767, British rulers initiated the mapping of colonial India with high precision and accuracy. They started mapping to establish British power and supremacy in the Indian subcontinent that portrayed a British image of India. Following independence in 1947, the Survey of India and other national agencies started mapping India for planning and development. Hence, questions have been raised that, how far British image of India have been transformed into an Indian image. In this context, in this paper an attempt has been made to analyse the mapping of India from the perspectives of transforming a colonial into a postcolonial image. The transformation occurred mainly in terms of purpose i.e. maps as a tool for the expansion of territory to planning, development and governance, from analogue to digital in method and in strategy from restricted to liberal access.
Objects Database and General Geographic Objects Database, as well as standard cartographic products, Journal of Laws of 2011, No 279 item 1642. with particular emphasis on the results of the selection process. The selection was carried out in the ArcGIS program. The process was built in ModelBuilder using the available tools.
Based on the principles contained in the Regulation, generalization models have been designed for each thematic layer and detail level considered. It allows generalization to be carried out nearly fully automatically. The processes include such
issue in geographic education at this stage of schooling. Thanks to the comparative method, the possibility of using the content or tools of ESERO–Poland, Sally Ride EarthKAM and Space Awareness, educational proposals are made available for geography teachers.
Topics connected with Space in “old” and “new” Polish Core Curriculum Geography
Issues from chapters related to the place of the Earth in the Universe and orientation in the field
The “old” core curriculum Nature (classes IV–VI) Geography (grades I–III middle school), student: