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Abstract

Resource efficiency is the primary element of the European Union's ‘Europe 2020’ strategy for the economic growth. It aims at stimulating economic growth which will be smart, sustainable and inclusive. Proper land use is beneficial to the economic development and it contributes to the improvement of living conditions considering the principle of sustainable development. Geographical information systems are the perfect tools enabling effective spatial planning. GIS technology allows to carry out complex analysis, which enable a comprehensive environmental and urban assessment. Using GIS tools gives also a possibility to assess different variations of land use in the future. The article presents the results of the analyses carried out on the basis of DTM and DSM, which purpose was to assess the potential of solar energy of the selected area. It was shown the possibility of using the roof surface of old buildings in a chosen part of Bydgoszcz to install solar systems on them.

Light Rail Transit (LRT) System on House Prices in the Klang Valley, Malaysia . Ph.D. Thesis, Newcastle University, 517. 5. Eboy, O and Samat, N 2015. Modeling property rating valuation using Geographical Weighted Regression (GWR) and Spatial Regression Model (SRM): The case of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah . Malaysian Journal of Society and Space.. 11(11) 98-109. 6. Esri, 2005: How Hot Spot Analysis: Getis-Ord Gi* (Spatial Statistics) works , [ http://resources.esri.com/help/9.3/arcgisengine/java/gp_toolref/spatial_statistics_tools

Abstract

The aim of the article is to analyze the selection of measuring points of sustainable sound level in the spa park. A set of points should allow to make on their basis an acoustic climate map for the park at certain times of day by usage available tools. Practical part contains a comparative analysis of developed noise maps, taking into account different variants of the distribution and number of measuring points on the selected area of the park.

Abstract

Land use is considered as a non-structural, ecologically beneficial flood protection measure. Forest as one of the land use types has many useful applications which can be observed in detail on www.nwrm.eu website project. It is scientifically proved that afforestation influences flood events with high probability of occurrence. However, it is still to be argued how to measure land use impact on the hydrological response of watershed and how it should be measured in an efficient and quantifiable way. Having the tool for such an impact measurement, we can build efficient land management strategies. It is difficult to observe the impact of land use on flood events in the field.Therefore, one of the possible solutions is to observe this impact indirectly by means of hydrological rainfall-runoff models as a proxy for the reality. Such experiments were conducted in the past. Our study aims to work on the viability assessment, methodology and tools that allow to observe this impact with use of selected hydrological models and readily available data in Poland. Our first reaserch site is located within headwaters of the Kamienna river watershed. This watershed has been affected by ecological disaster, which resulted in loss of 65% of forest coverage. Our proposed methodology is to observe this transformation and its effect on the watershed response to heavy precipitation and therefore change in the flood risk.

Abstract

Carbon accounting has become a valuable tool for expressing the fossil energy demand of products, organizational entities, or entire countries. About a decade ago, cities also began accounting their carbon emissions. The first major city to do so was London in 2009, stating a carbon footprint of 4.84 tCO2eq/(year*capita) for 2008. Nowadays, multiple rankings compare the carbon emissions of cities. For example, the Urban Land Magazine lists São Paulo as the city with the world’s lowest carbon emissions (1.4 CO2eq/(year*capita)). Such listings typically present the depicted emission values as scientifically indisputable numbers. However, a closer look at the applied methodology frequently reveals a wide range of implicit, often undisclosed assumptions at the foundation of the calculations. This paper analyses the uncertainties of carbon accounting on the city scale, using the example of the Red Sea resort town of El Gouna. The estimated value of El Gouna’s carbon footprint for the year 2014 is 14.3 tCO2eq/(year*capita). Third Scope emissions constitute the majority of El Gouna’s carbon footprint. Varying their underlying assumptions only slightly can lead to alterations of the results of more than 50%, questioning the robustness of the findings. To increase the robustness and the comparability of carbon accounting across cities, this paper suggests emphasizing Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions, while limiting the role of Scope 3 emissions.

Streszczenie

Praca prezentuje rezultaty biomonitoringu ołowiu w zróżnicowanych warunkach środowiskowych. Do oceny zawartości poziomu ołowiu wykorzystano rośliny życicy wielokwiatowej. Dodatkowo w liściach oznaczono zawartość chlorofilu (a+b, a oraz b) w świeżej masie. Rośliny eksponowano w okresie wegetacyjnym roku 2011 na pięciu stanowiskach badawczych różniących się parametrami środowiskowymi oraz w warunkach kontrolnych. Rośliny eksponowano w 28-dniowych okresach badawczych. Wyniki zawartości Pb oraz poziomów chlorofili w różnych miejscach ekspozycyjnych oraz seriach testowano z zastosowaniem wielowymiarowej analizy wariancji. Wykazano zmienność zawartości Pb oraz poziomów wszystkich form chlorofilu w różnych miejscach ekspozycyjnych i seriach. Najniższe zawartości ołowiu oraz najwyższe poziomy wszystkich form chlorofilu zaobserwowano na stanowisku podmiejskim. W pracy wykazano przydatność analizy zmiennych kanonicznych do graficznej prezentacji wyników biomonitoringu powietrza.

.: Diagnostyka i monitoring mostów w Europie, Materiały Budowlane 7/2011 (nr 467), (2011) 36-38. 9. Podhorecki P.: Monitoring, analiza numeryczna oraz ocena przyczyn uszkodzeń i koncepcja naprawy kratownicowego mostu autostradowego w USA, Materiały Budowlane 7/2012 (nr 479), (2012) 4-10. 10. Rykaluk K.: Konstrukcje stalowe. Podstawy i elementy, Dolnośląskie Wydawnictwo Edukacyjne, Wrocław 2009. 11. Wojcik G.J., Lakanen S. A.: Laser Tracker, a handy tool for metrology and alignment. Proceedings of the 7th International Workshops on Accelerator Alignment, SPring-8, Japan, 14

, Wałbrzych 2018. 7. Wojcik G.J., Lakanen S. A.: Laser Tracker, a handy tool for metrology and alignment , Proceedings of the 7th International Workshops on Accelerator Alignment, SPring-8, Japan, 14 November 2002 8. https://metrology.leica-geosystems.com 9. https://www.faro.com/pl

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