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This study advances research on entrepreneurial orientation and business performance by assessing, prioritizing, ranking, and evaluating decision choices among entrepreneurial orientation attributes that influence small and medium scale enterprise performance in Nigeria. Data were gathered through the multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) tool called analytic hierarchy process (AHP) based questionnaire administered to practicing entrepreneurs in Lagos State, Nigeria. The population of the study consists of all the firms (mainly small and medium scale businesses) registered by Lagos Chamber of Commerce, totalling 1766 at the time of this study. The sample size was calculated through Yamane formula, while entrepreneurs managing the sampled firms were the respondents carefully selected for the study through a random sampling procedure. Data collected were analysed through descriptive statistics and analytic hierarchy process procedures for eliciting the consistency ratio, consistency index, Lambda Max, local and global priority values for an effective policy decision. The priorities were established in line with the AHP framework using pairwise comparisons and judgment of entrepreneurs. The results revealed the preference of entrepreneurial orientation dimension that influenced business performance most based on pairwise experiences and trade-off of different attributes. This study explores the application of AHP methodology for measuring complex entrepreneurial decision-making process for enhancing business performance. Thus, the AHP revealed a potential research method in computing weights and chasing MCDM process.
The market liberalization, airport privatization and increased number of low-cost carriers have significantly affected airport performance lately. The aim of this study is to determine and analyze passengers’ demographics and their interaction with the external macroenvironment by providing empirical evidence of their impact on airport performance. The combined two-group proportion test and loglinear analysis were applied as the main analytical methods, whereas a PESTEL analysis was used as an auxiliary tool to help explain quantitative findings. The results show that due to a large diaspora and difficult socioeconomic situation, there is a gap for more direct point-to-point flights offered by the low-cost carriers in general and, more specifically, if more direct flights are being offered from Prishtina Airport, their likelihood ratio is to increase twice in its absolute value, whereas in Tirana Airport, their likelihood ratio is to increase twice if they offer more connection flights. This confirms the conclusion that there is a gap for additional services to be provided, which could significantly affect the airport performance in return. In the end, this study also raises a new hypothesis: whether the younger generation of the diaspora, members of which were born and educated abroad, will negatively affect airport performance due to their decreasing tendency and interest to visit the homeland of their parents.
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development and widespread adoption of the Internet and other forms of digital communication has led to a significant increase in the supply and storage of digital information, including in central locations (cloud computing), which allow the comparison and analysis of significant amounts of data for statistical purposes that are necessary to develop tools based on AI principles.
Finally, the drop in capital costs for digital technologies has significantly lowered barriers of entry for start-ups, making it less necessary than in the past to mobilize huge amounts of
Effrosyni Adamopoulou, Emmanuele Bobbio, Marta De Philippis and Federico Giorgi
10% either because the wage at both firms increases by 10%, or because 15 employees move from firm 1 to firm 2. The BO decomposition cannot tell these stories apart. To distinguish between these explanations, we borrow a tool from the literature on reallocation of workers across firms – e.g., among many others, Bartelsman, Haltiwanger and Scarpetta (2013) – the Olley and Pakes decomposition (1996, from now on OP decomposition). To our knowledge, although there is evidence of an extensive process of workers’ reallocation after the crisis (see, for instance, Foster