The main aim of this paper is to determine which factors of business tools are important in Czech companies. To find these factors, theoretical information from the area of trade tools and data from primary research (obtained via questionnaire) were used. These data are applied by a statistical evaluation of selected indicators which could help determine the significance of the indicators in the area being monitored. Activities concerning the management of company finances are also partially incorporated, as due to their close cohesion with business, they cannot be excluded from the field of turnaround management. The business tools described in the paper see excellent usage not only during times of crisis but also in periods of prosperity, when their application provides companies with unique competitive advantages as a way of increasing GDP. The results of the paper confirm the necessity for compensation tools in the business environment and provide the significance level of the compensation tools used. Accurate usage could create an advantage in a global market characterised by high competition.
development and widespread adoption of the Internet and other forms of digital communication has led to a significant increase in the supply and storage of digital information, including in central locations (cloud computing), which allow the comparison and analysis of significant amounts of data for statistical purposes that are necessary to develop tools based on AI principles.
Finally, the drop in capital costs for digital technologies has significantly lowered barriers of entry for start-ups, making it less necessary than in the past to mobilize huge amounts of
Effrosyni Adamopoulou, Emmanuele Bobbio, Marta De Philippis and Federico Giorgi
10% either because the wage at both firms increases by 10%, or because 15 employees move from firm 1 to firm 2. The BO decomposition cannot tell these stories apart. To distinguish between these explanations, we borrow a tool from the literature on reallocation of workers across firms – e.g., among many others, Bartelsman, Haltiwanger and Scarpetta (2013) – the Olley and Pakes decomposition (1996, from now on OP decomposition). To our knowledge, although there is evidence of an extensive process of workers’ reallocation after the crisis (see, for instance, Foster
Pablo de Pedraza, Stefano Visintin, Kea Tijdens and Gábor Kismihók
the traditional methods, and (4) it is unstructured. The data also change the scale and scope of the sources of material available and the tools for manipulation, as signaled by Schroeder (2014) . Information contained in job advertisements can be cleaned, used to de-duplicate vacancies posted in more than one site, structured, and aggregated to give it a meaningful structure for our purpose.
The two sources produce different kinds of information about vacancies. Although CBS produces information about flows of vacancies (new vacancies emerging during a quarter
remitted. Not only does it emphasize the importance of the social integration of emigrants in their host communities but it also stresses that migrants are an important tool for encouraging democratization, gender equality, and social change in general. Identifying the channels of the cultural transmission remains a crucial task to make effective use of the existence of social remittances.
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macroeconomic tools such as monetary and fiscal policies are being already used and have their limits, structural reforms appear as a crucial ingredient for boosting economic growth and employment. This paper contributes to the debate by evaluating the effect of product and labor market deregulation on the unemployment rate.
The economy-wide product market regulation (PMR) index computed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is used to estimate the level of regulation in 24 European countries Twenty-one countries from the European Union (EU
groups. An implication is that wage offers for such workers would be lower than those for similar native-born workers.
Labor market inefficiency resulting from imperfect worker information can be empirically examined by modeling worker or employer information gaps (or ignorance), or both. The problem is that the maximum wage a firm will pay and the minimum wage at which a worker will work are unobserved. A useful tool for incorporating these unobserved variables is the SWF. Such frontiers are logical extensions of Mincerian-type wage functions typically used to study
://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2018/624417/IPOL_IDA%282018%29624417_EN.pdf . https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3209192
Hellwig, M. F. (2017). Carving out legacy assets: a successful tool for successful restructuring? European Parliament, Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee, Brussels. Retrieved from http://homepage.coll.mpg.de/pdf_dat/2017_03online.pdf . https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2939652
Huertas, T. (2011). The road to better resolution: from bail-out to bail-in. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Institute for Law and Finance, January. Retrieved from https
Good public governance requires participative networking to tackle the worst societal problems. Redefined administrative procedure as an instrument that should ensure efficient public policies is one of the key approaches in this respect. The objective of this article is to show, based on qualitative research methods, that in modern public administration, procedure is attributed a much different role than under the traditional Rechtsstaat doctrine. It has been evolving towards becoming a dialogue tool for the state and the citizens, increasingly recognised in Neo-Weberian and good governance models, also in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Administrative procedure’s modernised codification in CEE countries, grounded in public administration theory, EU and case law, is in this article seen as of the utmost importance to apply in the region to develop its governance capacity. The article addresses said issues and provides a specific outline as to how to systematically and proportionally codify administrative procedural law in this sense on a national scale. The author proposes a concrete, holistic outline to redefine respective codification within contemporary public governance models. This outline incorporates minimum joint fundamental principles, e.g. the right to be heard. Following the principle of proportionality, in addition a more detailed codification is suggested by more formalised proceedings in the case of the collision of legally protected interests. The principles, such as participation, would apply for any administrative acts, resulting from legislative policy-making or single-case decision-making, and judicial reviews thereof alike. Such an approach should ensure a balanced recognition and effective protection of parties and public interest.