Emmanuel Ufuophu-Biri and Lucky Ogheneruemu Ojoboh
Mobile phones have become very popular among people in different countries of the world and apart from the traditional role of making and receiving of calls; they have been adopted for several other uses. Its use for those activities tends to pose challenge to the conventional media tools that are used traditionally to perform those activities. The study thus aims at determining the pattern of mobile phone usage by students of Delta State University, Abraka; their preference pattern for mobile telephone and conventional media tools in carrying out certain activities; and the implication of their use of mobile telephone on conventional media toolsThe study adopted the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), which explains how a person comes to accept and use an information technology. Survey and questionnaire were used as the research method and instrument respectively. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The study found that the students preferred using mobile phones to perform tasks that were originally performed with conventional media tools; and the use of mobile phone by the students also suggested a diminishing patronage of conventional media tools. The study recommends that providers of those conventional media tools should improve on their services to avoid losing patronage, and they should make their products and services adaptable to mobile phone users in order to boost patronage.
Transparency and corruption are topics with high interest not only for researchers but especially for politicians, citizens and decision takers. Transparency is seen as an important instrument in the fight against corruption. Transparency and corruption phenomena are considered to be the most difficult to assess due to the subjectivity that characterizes them. For this reason, in this study we will show some results based on citizens perception. The method used to collect information regarding citizens perception is questionnaire and than the data are analyzed through a logistic model. Interesting results came out this research such as people who have been in contact with public institutions during the last months have 5,477 times more opportunities to give bribes compared to those who have not been in contact. Transparency is considered a good tool to fight corruption because based on the model result people who know the meaning of the right to information have 86.3% less chance to give bribes than people who do not know the meaning of the right of information. Whereas people who know the Albanian law on the right to information have 48% less chance of bribing than people who do not know this law. Based on these results it is necessary to raise citizen awareness on the use of the right to information as instrument to fight corruption.
Prachom Thangthong, Chaturong Louhapensang and Panrapee Suttiwan
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Florence, A. and Olufunmilayo, T. (2013) “Counselling as an Enabling Tool for Quality Human Development: Challenges to Childhood Growth and Cognitive Development in the 21st Century” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Retrieved from https://Doi:10
Osasu Obaretin, Sadiq Oshoke Akhor and Osahon Emmanuel Oseghale
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This article will be focused on the political crime which means all political offenses and criminal offenses which is expressly prescribed by the criminal law of a state. Briefly, according to the science of psychology, characterization of a crime in general is of special importance and decisive motive of its author. So, regardless of the offense committed, if its author is no political motive, then his works have described as a political offense. According to the theories of realism, given a definition named differently as psycho-social dynamic, which considers terrorism as a political offense in all cases when the perpetrator, the victim or any institution structured social qualifies it as a political offense. From the moment the first setting of a particular criminal offense as political, she should be treated as such by the other participants in the proceedings. Every society, time and state has its political crime. This form of criminal action is always present when certain political forces with different criminal tools, are trying to change, alternation or preservation of the existing order and socio-political. So, in all ages and countries has been a political alternative structure, criminal manifestations of which, unlike other forms of criminal activity, are labeled as "political crime.
Sergio Gómez Molina, Lemy Bran Piedrahita, Alejandro Valencia Arias, Claudia Milena Arias Arciniegas, Alejandro Silva Cortés and Rosa Velez Holguin
The accelerated progress of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has made that marketing strategies are strengthened through the construction, personalization and socialization of information, which is one of the main dynamic social media. The aim of this article is to identify the trends and evolution of attitudes towards the use of social media as a marketing tool. For this, a bibliometric analysis was developed, divided into two stages: obtaining information (database and search equation), and obtaining bibliometric indicators (quantity, quality and structure) between 2008 and 2016. Among the results it is observed that increasing topics are centered on: Consumer Attitude, Health, Advertizing, Communication y Consumer Behavior.
In this essay importance will be given to the traditional and contemporary conception of the rural-urban divide. The traditional approach influenced by a hegemonic perspective has seen rural as urban residual by believing in the idea of a clear division between urban and rural, driven by demographic, cultural and economic factors. But today's empirical research in different fields, reflecting strong local and global dynamics, proves that the split between rural and urban is impossible. The change of these realities at the local and global scale has influenced the development of a thesis that reformulates the urban/rural relation under the perspective of a continuum, hybrid or liminal state. Today's urban research backs the idea that it is impossible to define once and for all what is rural and urban. Concrete cases taken in Europe and in Albania prove that the existence of realities with particular typology not only makes the existence of a general and universally accepted definition problematic, but also creates the need for a continuous, dynamic, and temporary re-definition of urban and rural.
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Suraini Mohd Ali, Haliza Harun, Norhaili Massari, Fariza Puteh-Behak, Ramiaida Darmi, Normazla Ahmad Mahir, Suzana Selamat and Yurni Emilia Abd. Hamid
There is a misconception that 21st century education is all about using the right online tools. However, the premise of 21st century education requires the integration of relevant content, skills and instructional support to enhance knowledge processes in line with the requirement of 21st century learning to arrive at meaningful learning experience and not merely the use of online tools. To enhance the integration, an Online Multiliteracies Project Approach (eMULPA) framework is designed by incorporating teachers’ presence, online tools, learning materials, collaborative efforts while fulfilling the syllabus requirement so that the interconnectedness in these elements would give learners a learning experince that is worthwhile and meaningful. The framework which encompases the knowledge processes: exploration, contexualization, investigation, delibration and consolidation is expected to assist learners to have meaningful learning. This paper focuses on the learners’experiences while undergoing the knowledge processes in eMULPA. Data collection tools were interviews, teaching documents and learners’ reflective journals. For this paper, only data from learners’ reflective journal were drawn, coded for themes and explicated because reflective journal is one of the reliable means to gather information on the metacognitive processes undergone by learners. The preliminary findings demonstrated learners’ have undergone meaningful learning experiences through the eMULPA knowledge processes higlighted above. Thus, the implementation of eMULPA is expected to assist learners to acquire the 21st century skills.