The article focuses on a hashtags as a tool of networked culture and networked social movements, and – at the same time – on self-expression phenomenon of a selfie. Although today hashtags, in particular, can been seen as a frequently used weapon in information wars and a tool of propaganda 2.0, seen from historical perspective, this very tool aligns itself first and foremost with emancipatory forces in the Internet history. These forces, expressed in A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace and in participatory ideals of Web 2.0 are now in withdrawal.
As the Internet is now in a peculiar development phase, ruled by the logic of surveillance capitalism, those early ideals of free speech and exchange of ideas are now overshadowed by a “darkening of the digital dream (Shoshana Zuboff).
The central argument suggests that the “Kardashian moment” on the one hand, and Occupy Wallstreet, on the other hand, constituted a point in time where new media affordances and social phenomena were aligned. At the same time, both hashtag and selfie can be viewed as a response to the betrayalof individualization processes started in the 1960s, then carried on and amplified by the early Internet, and in the end commodified by the growing Internet giants and established structures of power.
Łukasz Bis, Mark Bannatyne, Kamil Radomski and Krystian Szejerka
The goal of the article is to declare and describe the methodology of research about Internet and mobile applications in work life and private life of digitals marketers. This article is a reflection on the research methods used, their adequacy and potential results that the research team should achieve during the research. The article is the justification for the selected research method (both quantitative and qualitative), describes the research group. The authors, based on the pilot study, also make some conclusions, which will then be verified using subsequent - more extensive and implemented on a larger scale research tools.
One of the roles of media research is to explain social phenomena. The Internet became a place where society expresses itself and where society could be influenced or even manipulated. Therefore, online communication analysis becomes a tool that is expected to guarantee the transparency of the social communication process. Unfortunately, the size of the Internet makes analysis difficult, and traditional methods of analysing communication are not always enough or force the researcher to focus on a fragmentary data. The author asks a question which research methods are suitable for Internet research and allow to improve transparency. It focuses on the method group referred to in the article as Mass Automated Internet Analysis. In the final part, the author shows examples of several – existing or being developed – research methods and techniques (including data collection and data analysis field), what research methods can improve the quality of digital communications research.
Fear of Missing Out is mainly a subject of psychological research; however, due to its specific nature, it gains an interdisciplinary character. Thanks to this, it can also be analysed from the perspective of media or business. This paper focuses on the threads of the relationship between FOMO and marketing communication online. It realizes the following objectives: it presents the scale of FOMO in Poland; it analyses the phenomenon in the context of consumers’ reactions to basic brand activity on social and it shows differences between the answers given by all the respondents and those with high FOMO. In order to clarify the scope of the research work, four research questions are answered: how do social media users react to the use of particular features of social platforms by brands? What form of posts coming from brands are preferred by Polish Internet users? What is the attitude of the respondents towards advertisements posted on social media portals? Does FOMO influence the answers in any way? The research was based on the nationwide, representative sample of Internet users aged 15+ (N=1060). The tool was the CAWI questionnaire.
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External marketing communication of companies is a purposeful process of transferring information to the company’s environment - society, competitors, clients and receiving their feedback. Based on the signals, the company adapts its way of communication. Choosing the most suitable type of communication may be one of the factors deciding about a company’s success. Even the best offer would not be able to attract customer’s attention if the information did not reach one. The article combines secondary data - results of the research conducted in Polish companies regarding the use of communication tools, and primary data obtained from own surveys carried out on students regarding the perception of those tools. The purpose of the article is to evaluate the perception of different communication forms by young customers.
In the fast changing world social media change even faster and the changes they undergo try to address the demands of their users. The process of addressing the requirements is as complex as the users in question and their approach to social media. This study tries to look at possible reasons for the downfall in the number of active users in the biggest numbers of Facebook users nowadays the age 11 – 34 population. As this group constitutes the biggest target for Facebook’s activity it is crucial to understand if and how their expectations change. The complexity of the tool versus other social media is considered together with the problem of addressing the needs of its users in the time of their transition from childhood to adulthood.
This article present an approach to elaboration of tools for measuring of attitude in media messages. Emotions hidden in single words can have significant influence on recipient of message. Therefore effort of compiling method and indices have been taken. Osgood’s semantic differential and Likert’s scale was main techniques considered in this issue and final thoughts were basing on them. Many different obstacles are indicated for future improvements of techniques and further elaborations.