The issue of city modelling is very essential these days and it is important to analyse the legal framework and its practical implications in the process of city modelling. However, the practice of urban design in Lithuania is based on two-dimensional solutions and the artistic factor is overlooked. The article reviews the legal basis of Lithuanian urban planning and design and their practical implications and emphasizes the necessity of artistic factor during the process of city modelling.
The concept of urban gardening varies a lot in terms of gardening forms and main purposes. Followed by changes in people life style, growing interest in healthy living and sustainable urban development, the aims of urban gardening become more complex. The product of urban garden, e. g. vegetables or ornamental plants, nowadays plays less important role, as the main focus is on societal issues, urban regeneration, education and health. Thus, this article provides evidence of multi-functionality of urban gardening to address the variety of societal issues across people of different age and cultural background. Case studies from Malmo, Birmingham and Riga show how urban gardening contributes to social integration, inhabitants’ well-being and urban regeneration.
A Regionalist Panorama for Architecture and Beyond [online]
[cited 30.01.2013]. http://www.metropolitiques.eu/A-Regionalist-Panorama-for.html .
Buckner, B. The comparative identity of nations : image of nation as an assessment tool of national identity [online]. ProQuest 2011 [cited 19.09.2014]. http://www.proquest.com/products-services/dissertations/
The comparative identity of nations : image of nation as an assessment tool of national identity [online]
[cited 19.09.2014]. http
Ingrida Povilaitienė, Jūratė Kamičaitytė-Virbašienė and Kęstutis Zaleckis
., Oskrochi, R. Fractal Analysis of Street Vistas: A Potential Tool for Assessing Levels of Visual Variety in Everyday Street Scenes. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design , 2008, Vol. 35, pp. 349‒363. https://doi.org/10.1068/b33081
11. Cole, M. Cultural Psychology: A Once and Future Discipline . Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998. 416 p.
12. Zaleckis, K., Kamičaitytė-Virbašienė, J., Ramanauskas, E . Preservation of Kaunas City Identity while Planning its Urban Development. Ecological architecture 2013: Book of
It is particularly important for the French political leadership to maintain French independence, to develop military defense capabilities and to maintain a balance between budgetary constraints. The publication presents a European way of continuously modernizing the French army and modernizing its technical tools. France has one of the strongest and most powerful armed forces characterized by adapting NATO-based applications and procedures.
This article discusses the usage of advanced modeling techniques in architectural design education from the viewpoint of CAD/CAM paradigm that is setting new standards for the teaching and the industry. Parametricism is one of the main driving forces in architecture that exercises complexity possible only through 3D modeling tools and using generative algorithms. Most of the design skills are being learned by applying the obtained knowledge in academic design projects and their supplementary classes.
András István Nagy, Enikő Réka Fábián, Richárd Horváth and Pal Terek
Super duplex stainless steels are used in increasingly more areas. The machinability of duplex stainless steels is generally poor. We performed dry turning tests on G X2CrNiMoCuN 26-6-3-3 casted superduplex steel, using two different PVD coated cutting inserts. One of them was coated with TiAlN and other with TiAlSiN. Strong burr and built-up edge formation were observed during our machining experiments; these damaged the edges of the tools. The shortened tests did not show significant difference betwen the effect of the coatings.
The tools of multi-directional machining, having appeared in the recent years, have revolutionised turning operations. The chip removal of high feed roughing and finishing inserts is so specialised, that new formulas have to be introduced instead of those used so far. In this paper, the result of tests carried out up till now will be summarised; furthermore, a proposal will be made on the description, analysis and calculation of force demand of multi-directional inserts as well as the roughness of the surface being prepared during machining.
Jolita Sinkienė, Huriye Armağan Doğan, Kęstutis Zaleckis, Jurga Vitkuvienė, Indrė Gražulevičiūtė Vileniškė, Brigita Tranavičiūtė and Tomas Grunskis
This paper presents the methodology and results of the research aimed to identify the current and potential functions of open public spaces in post-Soviet modernist urban districts in the context of sustainable urban development. The research is based on the sociotope mapping methodology facilitating the identification and interpretation of functional characteristics of urban open public spaces. The data for this research has been collected in three selected pilot multi-apartment modernistic districts of Kaunas city (Lithuania) using two sociological research tools – site observation protocols and user questionnaires. The research results show the need for actors involved in planning and (re)development of modernistic districts to incorporate a larger diversity of space elements enabling different local area users (individuals, families, organizations) to use and experience more natural, social, economic and other values available locally at different time (year, day) periods.
Santa Bondare, Tatjana Volkova, Edgars Bondars and Sarmīte Barvika
This paper highlights the current critical business challenges in the architecture industry. The initial study reviews the latest statistics of the architecture industry, research findings in the discipline of architecture management, knowledge and education gaps, as well as current business needs and development perspective. The review of the Latvian architecture industry based on publicly available data and the opinion of professionals concerning the business needs of the architecture industry is used as a case study.
The main recommendations for architecture industry professionals are related to necessity to improve the architects’ awareness and understanding of the influence of critical business functions to the company performance results, and application of most advanced management tools in architecture industry for ensuring business viability. The paper is highlighting the need for further research on critical business functions directly linked with specific aspects of architecture industry in different business contexts.