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The characteristics of geographical information systems in terms of their current use

gminach – badania wśród pracowników urzędów miast łódzkiego obszaru metropolitalnego [Geographical information system as a tool for decision making – research among workers of urban gminas of Łodz Metropolitan Area]. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Geodesia et Descriptio Terrarum. Nr 11 (1) p. 29–38. G awroński W., T yrańska -W izner K. 2014. Wykorzystanie geoinformacji przez Państwową Straż Pożarną [Use of geoinformation by State Fire Service]. Roczniki Geomatyki. T. 12. Z. 2(64) p. 217–224. G aździcki J. 1990. Systemy informacji przestrzennej [Geographic

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The concept of sustainable tourism development in rural areas – A case study of Zbąszyń commune

-OYOLA M., BLANCAS J.F., GONZÁLEZ M., CABALLERO R. 2012. Sustainable tourism indicators as planning tools in cultural destinations. Ecological Indicators. Vol. 18 p. 659-675. MACHNIK A., KURCZEWSKI R. 2014. Dziedzictwo przyrodnicze w rozwoju turystyki kulturowej na terenach wiejskich [Natural heritage in cultural tourism development on rural areas]. Turystyka Kulturowa. No. 7 p. 34-48. NARANKIEWICZ E. 2003. Waloryzacja krajobrazowa gminy. W: Program ochrony środowiska gminy Miedzichowo [Landscape valorisation of commune. In: Programme of

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Analysis of Runway Deflectometer Campaign for Implementation on Airport Pavement Management System

with the falling weight deflectometer used as benchmarking tool. Pretoria, ZA, s.n. Horak, E., 2008. Benchmarking the structural condition of flexible pavements with deflection bowl parameters. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering, 50(2), pp. 2-9. Horak, E., 2009. Evaluation of airport pavements with FWD deflection bowl parameter benchmarking methodology. Amsterdam, s.n. Paine, D., 1998. The incorporation of structural data in a pavement management system. s.l., 4th International Conference on

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Variability in Pavement Design


This paper presents the results of a review on variability of key pavement design input variables (asphalt modulus and thickness, subgrade modulus) and assesses effects on pavement performance (fatigue and deformation life). Variability is described by statistical terms such as mean and standard deviation and by its probability density distribution.

The subject of reliability in pavement design has pushed many highway organisations around the world to review their design methodologies, mainly empirical, to move towards mechanistic-empirical analysis and design which provide the tools for the designer to evaluate the effect of variations in materials on pavement performance. This research has reinforced this need for understanding how the variability of design parameters affects the pavement performance.

This study has only considered flexible pavements. The sites considered for the analysis, all in the UK (including Northern Ireland), were mainly motorways or major trunk roads. Pavement survey data analysed were for Lane 1, the most heavily trafficked lane. Sections 1km long were considered wherever possible.

Statistical characterisation of the variation of layer thickness, asphalt stiffness and subgrade stiffness is addressed. A sensitivity analysis is then carried out to assess which parameter(s) have the greater influence on the pavement life.

The research shows that, combining the effect of all the parameters considered, the maximum range of 15th and 85th percentiles (as percentages of the mean) was found to be 64% to 558% for the fatigue life and 94% to 808% for the deformation life.

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Cohesion, Fracture and Bond – Understanding the Data from the Vialit Cohesion Pendulum Test and Other Fracture Tests from an Analysis of Rheological Properties


The Vialit Cohesion Pendulum has been used for many years in Europe as a tool for assessing modified asphalt binders with a particular emphasis on chip seal/surfacing dressing applications. The cohesion measured in this device has been considered as an indicator of quality of the base asphalt binder and subsequent polymer formulation. This test demonstrates a transition between brittle and ductile failure of binder systems. When a test of this kind is compared to other binder tests, it is possible to deduce the impact that the high rate of loading in the Vialit Cohesion Pendulum test has on the test results. Data have been developed on a series of SHRP core asphalt binders and these are compared to master curves developed with the same binders. A discussion will follow on how the fracture of asphalt binder and mixture is both rate and temperature dependent and that this parameter always needs that consideration to truly evaluate the meaning of test data. A test of this nature, while founded partly on an empirical data base of use, can be better explained and understood with consideration of the speed of loading and temperature effects that allows the translation of fracture temperatures at one condition to those at another. The results from this type of evaluation offer better understanding of criteria such as fatigue, fracture and bond of asphalt binders and mixtures.

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Validation of Building Energy Modeling Tools for a Residential Building in Brasov Area-Romania

5. REFERENCES [1] Emily M. Ryan, Thomas F. Sanquist, (2012), Validation of building energy modeling tools under idealized and realistic conditions. Energy and Buildings 47 , pp 375–382 [2] P. Hoes, et al. (2009), User behavior in whole building simulation, Energy and Buildings 41 , pp. 295–302 [3] C.M. Clevenger, J. Haymaker, (2006), The impact of the building occupant on energy modeling simulations, in: Computing and Decision Making in Civil and Building Engineering, International Society for Computing in Civil and Building Engineering

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Land-management strategies and the detached housing stock in shrinking municipalities – evidence from Germany

Municipalities suggested protecting smaller municipalities from the survey workload. Therefore, the survey was limited to municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants. The quantitative partial survey was sent to 1,549 municipalities (all municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants; approximately 13% of all German municipalities) via e-mail with a link to an online survey tool providing standardised anonymous questionnaires. 832 municipalities took part in the survey (54% of all municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants). This limitation has a significant

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Neighbourhood-based social integration. The importance of the local context for different forms of resource transfer

11 No 49 37 42 19 20 13 Employment status (bridging tie) n=1008 Employed 47 40 42 22 23 16 Unemployed 56 38 40 14 19 10 a) = minor assistance; b) = major assistance; c) = emotional support; d) = formal assistance (e.g. help in filling out forms); e) = help in finding a new place to live; f) = help in finding a job The qualitative interviews additionally illustrate that forms of minor assistance, like lending food or tools (‘getting-by’ resources), are readily provided in most blocks of flats

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Choreographies of entrepreneurship. How different formats of co-presence are combined to facilitate knowledge creation in seed accelerator programs

( Goffman 1963 ). Simmel (1903) concludes that physical co-presence is seldom a neutral experience. Rather, these situations are typically unequivocally experienced either as comfortable and rewarding or as unpleasant and threatening. 2.2 Bridging relational distance: productive differences In this paper, we use the notion “relational distance” ( Ibert 2010 ; Ibert/Müller 2015) as a heuristic tool to assess the cultural differences that play out in social situations. Relational distance is a notion that allows an analysis of the intensity and quality of cultural

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Artistic Factor in Modern-Day Urban Planning and Design in Lithuania


The issue of city modelling is very essential these days and it is important to analyse the legal framework and its practical implications in the process of city modelling. However, the practice of urban design in Lithuania is based on two-dimensional solutions and the artistic factor is overlooked. The article reviews the legal basis of Lithuanian urban planning and design and their practical implications and emphasizes the necessity of artistic factor during the process of city modelling.

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