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Open access

Judit Pieldner

Abstract

In close intratextual connection with earlier pieces of Jafar Panahi’s oeuvre, pre-eminently The Mirror (Ayneh, 1997) and Offside (2006), his recent films made in illegality, including This Is Not a Film (In film nist, Jafar Panahi and Mojtaba Mirtahmasb, 2011), Closed Curtain (Pardeh, Jafar Panahi and Kambuzia Partovi, 2013) and Taxi Tehran (Jafar Panahi, 2015), reformulate the relationship between cinema and the “real,” defying the limitations of filmmaking in astounding ways. The paper addresses the issue of non-cinema, pertaining to those instances of cinematic “impurity” in which “the medium disregards its own limits in order to politically interfere with the other arts and life itself” (Nagib 2016, 132). Panahi’s overtly confrontational (non-)cinematic discourse is an eminent example of “accented cinema” (Naficy 2001). His artisanal and secret use of the camera in deterritorialized conditions and extreme limitations as regards profilmic space – house arrest, fake taxi interior – gives way for multilayered reflexivity, incorporating non-actorial presence, performative self-filming and theatricality as subversive gestures, with a special emphasis on the off-screen and remediated video-orality performed in front of, or directly addressed to the camera. The paper explores the ways in which the filmmaker’s tactics become powerful gestures of “politicized immediacy” (Naficy 2001, 6) that call for the (inter)medial as an also indispensably political act ((Schröter 2010).

Open access

Children’s Views and Practices Regarding Online Advertising

An Interview Study with Swedish Nine-Year-Olds

Carolina Martínez, Gunilla Jarlbro and Helena Sandberg

Abstract

This article focuses on children’s relationship with online advertising, a topic which is insufficiently researched. Individual interviews (n=20) were conducted with Swedish children to gain insight into their views and practices regarding advertising on the internet. The interview results are interpreted in relation to de Certeau’s (1984) theory of practices in everyday life, and New dimensions regarding the concept of tactics are highlighted in the conclusion. The results suggest that children have an ambivalent or negative view of online advertising. They report on avoidance tactics used in order to escape advertisements, but they also sometimes find it difficult to cope with advertisements due to their frequent appearance, color and motion. The children also report on their uses of online advertising as entertainment, and the authors stress the need for policymakers to consider whether the regulatory framework for broadcasting could be extended to cover online advertising.

Open access

Crisis Communication in a New World

Reaching Multicultural Publics through Old and New Media

Jesper Falkheimer and Mats Heide

, M.L., & White, W.J. (2001) ‘How Activist Organizations are Using the Internet to Build rRelationships’, Public Relations Review 27(3): 263-284. Taylor, M., & Perry, D.C. (2005) ‘Diffusion of Traditional and New Media Tactics in Crisis Communication’, Public Relations Review 31(2): 209-217. Ulmer, R.R., & Sellnow, T.L. (2002) ‘Crisis Management and the Discourse of Renewal: Understanding the Potential for Positive Outcomes of Crisis’, Public Relations Review 28(4): 361-365. Wadbring, I. (2003) En tidning i tiden? Metro och den svenska

Open access

Leif Dahlberg

: The MIT Press, pp. 73-98. Berger, Warren (2001) Advertising Today. London: Phaidon. Boggs, Carl (1997) ”The Great Retreat: The Decline of the Public Sphere in Late Twentieth-Century America”, Theory and Society 26 (1997), pp. 741-780 Bordowitz, Gregg (2004) ”Tactics Inside and Out”, Artforum, September 2004, pp. 212-215, 292. Burke, Edmund (1790) Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790), ed. L.G. Mitchell. New York: Oxford U.P. 1993 C. P. (1999) “Werben mit Kunst oder Kunst als

Open access

Kaarina Nikunen

(2002) The Cultural Industries. Sage: London. Hietala, Veijo (1994) Suomalainen televisio vuonna nolla(kaksi). [Finnish Television in the Year Zero (two), Lähikuva 4/1994, 35-43. Hill, Anette (2005) Reality TV. Audiences and Popular Factual Television. London & New York: Routledge. Hills, Matt (2002) Fan Cultures. London: Routledge. Hills, Matt (2001) Virtually Out there: Strategies, Tactics and Affective Spaces in Online Fandom, in Munt, Sally (ed.) Technospaces: Inside the New Media. London: Continuum

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Journalism and Gender

Toward a Multidimensional Approach

Iiris Ruoho and Sinikka Torkkola

University of Oulu, Faculty of Humanities, History Doctoral dissertation. Mangham, Iain (1996). Some Consequences of Taking Gareth Morgan Seriously, pp. 21-36 in Grant, David & Oswick, Cliff (eds.) Metaphor and Organizations . London: Sage. Melin-Higgins, Margareta (2004). Coping with Journalism: Gendered Newsroom Culture, pp. 195-220 in de Bruin, Marjan & Ross, Karen (eds.) Gender and Newsroom Cultures . Identities at Work . Cresskill: Hampton Press, Inc. Melin, Margareta (2008). Gendered Journalism Culture. Strategies and Tactics in the Fields of

Open access

Jesper Falkheimer and Mats Heide

Process: Theory for a Tangled World . London: Routledge. Holm, O. (2006) ’Integrated Marketing Communication: From Tactics to Strategy’. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 11 (1), 23–33. Holtzhausen, D.R. (2008) Strategic Communication. In Donsbach, W. (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of communication (Vol. X, pp. 4848–4855). Malden, MA: Blackwell. Huang, Y.H., and Su, S.H. (2009) ’Public Relations Autonomy, Legal Dominance, and Strategic Orientation as Predictors of Crisis Communicative Strategies’. Journal of Business Ethics, 86 (1), 29