The aim of the study was the assessment of the dependence between the type and level of motivation, and the assessment of rehabilitation efficiency and sports-activity after the injury. 207 male and female competitors training basketball and handball participated in the study. There were 111 women (46 basketball and 65 handball players) and 96 men (48 basketball and 51 handball players) studied. The investigative tools were: the Carver and White′s questionnaire (measuring the activity level of the BAS and BIS system in three measurements), the author′s survey taking into account the information concerning training-methods, number, types and circumstance of experienced injuries, methods of their treatment and the visual analogue pain intensity scale (VAS). Those surveyed evaluated also the efficiency of physiotherapeutic treatments in the 1-10 scale. The statistical tools were as follow: the arithmetical mean together with the standard deviation and the simple correlation. At training men there was some negative dependence between the time of break in trainings after sustained injury and one of the measurements according to the questionnaire: BAS Drive (p<0.05). In the above-group there also appeared some positive dependence (p<0.05) between the declared level of felt pain and the results on the BAS Fun Seeking scale. The studied women attained noticeably higher (p<0.05) results of the BAS Reward Responsiveness and BIS scale than men. At women there also appeared some positive dependence between the time of break in trainings after sustained injury and the intensification of the BIS activation (p<0.05). 1. Some strong relationship between the levels of different forms of motivation in chosen aspects of rehabilitation of sportsmen was shown. 2. At men, high level of goal oriented motivation was connected with the negative assessment of rehabilitation efficiency, what could evidence the frustration resulting from inability to train. Strong goal orientation may therefore shorten the period of convalescence.