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Silvana Cassar and Salvo Creaco

References Alonso, A. D. & Liu, Y. (2012), “Old wine region, new concept and sustainable development: winery entrepreneurs’ perceived benefits from wine tourism on Spain’s Canary Islands,’ Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 991-1009. Alvarez, M. D. (2014), ‘Sustainability issues: Tourism as an instrument for development,’ in E. Fayos-Solà, M. D. Alvarez & C. Cooper (eds.) Tourism as an Instrument for Development: A Theoretical and Practical Study, Bingley: Emerald

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Jonna Heikkilä, Aytan Poladova and Juha Kääriä

: Structural and Cohesion Policies, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved from [accessed 31 Mar 2014] Heikkilä, J. (2013), Development of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Support of Local Handicrafts in the Rural Azerbaijan: Project Mid-term Evaluation Report, Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences, no. 184. Higham, J. E. S. (2007), ‘Ecotourism: competing and conflicting schools of thought,’ in J. Higham (ed.) Critical Issues in Eco-tourism: Understanding a Complex Tourism Phenomenon

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Elena Makrevska Disoska

1 Aug 2016] EBRD (2013), Transition report 2013: Stuck in transition, London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. EC (2010), Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, EU-Communication from the Commission, COM (2010) 2020 final, 3.3.2010. - (2013), European Competitiveness Report 2013: Toward Knowledge Driven Reindustrialization, Commission Staff Working Document, SWD (2013) 347 final, Brussels: European Commission. Eurostat (n.d.), ‘Balance of the current

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Gunnar Prause and Thomas Hoffmann

.2307/1244021 BSR Transportcluster (2012), [Homepage]. Retrieved from [accessed Aug 2017] Council Regulation (EC) No. 1435/2003 on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society (SCE), Official Journal of the EU , C 128 16.05.1983, p. 51. European Commission (2001), White Paper: European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide , Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, 12.09.2001. European Commission (2006), Keep Europe Moving: Sustainable Mobility for Our Continent , Mid-term review of the European Commission’s 2001

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Eunice Omolola Olaniyi

. Bergqvist, R.; Turesson, M. & Weddmark, A. (2015), ‘Sulphur emission control areas and transport strategies—the case of Sweden and the forest industry,’ European Transport Research Review , vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1–15. Breitzmann, K. H.; Möller, M. & Wenske, C. (2013), ‘Baltic maritime transport, its structure, competitive situation and economic weight,’ in K. Breitzmann & M. Hytti (eds.) Pan-Baltic Manual of Best Practices on Clean Shipping and Port Operations , Turku: UBC Environment and Sustainable Development

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Dāvis Plotnieks

Sustainable Social Change, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 99-118. O’Donohoe, N.; Leijonhufvud, C.; Saltuk, Y.; Bugg-Levine, A. & Brandenburg, M. (2010), Impact Investments: An Emerging Asset Class, J.P.Morgan, The Rockefeller Foundation & Global Impact Investing Network. Paton, R. (2003), Managing and Measuring Social Enterprises, London: Sage. Peredo, A. M. & McLean, M. (2006), ‘Social entrepreneurship: A critical review of the concept,’ Journal of World Business, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 56-65.

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Max A. Hogeforster and Elina Priedulena


The Europe 2020 Strategy puts the quality and relevance of education and training systems at the heart of EU’s efforts to improve innovation and competitiveness and to achieve intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The development of partnerships between vocational schools or higher-education institutions and the business sector must be considered as a critical factor in identifying learning requirements, improving the relevance of education and facilitating access to education and learning. The growing lack of skills is one of the major challenges for companies that rely on more highly qualified personnel. To increase the cooperation between academia and the business world means to integrate small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), since 99.2 per cent of European businesses are SMEs. They are the blood cells of the European economy and are essential for growth, yet a very heterogeneous group that can only be integrated in cooperation networks by intermediate organisations which tackle the needs of this diverse group of businesses. Such a partnership of 17 universities and polytechnics, including the University of Latvia, was founded in 2010 and is shortly introduced as a best practice example.To stay competitive in the globalised world, companies need to be innovative and that requires cooperation with knowledge institutions. A survey conducted in 2013 revealed that one of the major obstacles for SMEs to improve their innovation capabilities is their inability to find qualified personnel. This corresponds to the huge challenges the labour markets face in Europe. Almost all countries report a growing lack of skilled workforce while at the same time youth unemployment is increasing. This gap between the current qualifications and the qualifications demanded by businesses sector can be overcome by a closer cooperation between enterprises and education facilities, on a national but also international level between Western and Eastern countries. The introduction of work-based education plays a crucial role in narrowing this divide.

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Līga Baltiņa

. P.; Chizzolini, P. & Fratesi, U., eds. (2008), Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competitiveness and Global Strategies, Berlin: Springer. Capello, R. & Dentinho, T. P. (2012), Networks, Space and Competitiveness: Evolving Challenges for Sustainable Growth, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. http:// Chavance, B. (2008), Institutional Economics, London: Routledge. Cooke, B.; Langford, W. T.; Gordon, A. & Bekessy, S. (2012), ‘Social context and the role

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Oleksandr Chernyak, Ganna Kharlamova and Andriy Stavytskyy

References Ang, B. W.; Choong, W. L. & Ng, T. S. (2015), ‘Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes,’ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 42, pp. 1077-1093. Bobrov, Y. (2013), ‘Approaches to the analysis of the state of energy security,’ Scientific Works of NDFI, no. 1, pp. 62-68. Bondarenko, G. (2009), ‘Energy security as a key component of Ukraine’s economic independence,’ Actual Problems of the Economy, no. 6, pp. 55-58. BP (2016

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Elena Murashova and Valeria Loginova

(2013), Main Science and Technology Indicators: 2014 , no. 1, Paris: OECD Publishing. Orecchini, F.; Valitutti, V. & Vitali, G. (2012), ‘Industry and academia for a transition towards sustainability: advancing sustainability science through university–business collaborations,’ Sustainability Science, vol. 7, supplement 1, pp. 57–73. Pendlebury, D. A. (2008), Using Bibliometrics in Evaluating Research , Philadelphia: Thomson Scientific, Research Department. Polt, W.; Rammer, C.; Schartinger, D.; Gassler, H. & Schibany, A. (2001), Benchmarking