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Sergiu Novac

Abstract

This article explores how sustainability was staged in the context of EXPO 2000, the first and only world exhibition organized by Germany. The notion seemed to gain ground around the turn of the millennium in global political and policy circles, especially through such documents as the ‘Agenda 21’ and the ‘Millennium Development Goals’. These were also the main source of inspiration while organizing EXPO 2000, which, under the motto ‘Humankind, Nature, Technology’ claimed to put forward a radically different vision for the 21st century. However, throughout the paper I argue that sustainability ended up performing a quite different ideological function. In Germany, the staging of sustainability took place as an activation of expertize, meant to fix a crisis of the economy and to open up new grounds for capitalism’s search for profit, ultimately deepening the environmental crisis that it was meant to alleviate in the first place.

Open access

Sam Beck

York: Berghahn Books. Beck, Sam and Carl Maida, (Eds.). (2015a). Public Anthropology in a Borderless World . New York: Berghahn Books. Beck, Sam (2015b). Urban Transitions: Graffiti Transformations. In Public Anthropology in a Borderless World (co-edited with Carl Maida), 314-350. Brooklyn: Berghahn Books. Beck, Sam (2018). Knowledge Production and Emancipatory Social Movements from the Heart of Globalized Hipsterdom, Williamsburg, Brooklyn. In Carl Maida and Sam Beck, (Eds.). Global Sustainability and Communities of Practice , 125-150.Berghahn

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Assefa Hailemariam

. Women, U. N. (2014). The World Survey on the role of women in development 2014: Gender equality and sustainable development. A report signed by the Secretary General and Executive Director, UN Women. World Bank. http://www.data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.NENR, accessed Nov. 2015. World Health Organization. (2015). Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2015. Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. World Health Organization.(2015). H4+ Partnership. The H4+ Partnership

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Iulia Hurducaş

Abstract

Lefebvre’s 1970 prophecy of the total urbanisation of society has come true with the expansion of the urban into natural and rural territories. For Lefebvre, the question of nature is closed by its ‘steady, violent death’ (Lefebvre, 2003) and its replacement by a ‘second nature’ (Schmid, 2014; Smith, 2008). This closure accounts at an epistemic level, for the dominance of the urban (Krause, 2013; Brenner and Schmid, 2014). Far from being closed, the question of nature is renewed within the present conditions of planetary urbanisation, as the interiorised non-urban is ‘operationalised’ to sustain urban growth, thus making the non-city ‘an essential terrain of capitalist urbanisation’ (Brenner, 2016). In what follows, I present how the Romanian forest is operationalised as a territory of planetary urbanisation through forest management practices. Looking into the negotiations and manipulations on the ground provides a way to ‘pay attention’ (Stengers, 2010) to those practices that sort and select natural areas. In the face of the recorded disappearance of the forest, the effort of making visible the rationality of planning, and the challenges that are posed upon it inscribes itself within an ‘ethics of visibility’ (Roberts, 2012; Topalovic, 2016).

Open access

Claudiu Barbu

Abstract

There are important differences between all Eastern European countries regarding the implementation of pension system privatization. The differences regarding the political configuration between the countries from Eastern Europe might be a possible explanation for the amount of diversity in this area. The ideology of political parties that form or sustain the government that implements the reform can also be an explanation, but this influence must be studied beyond the cliché that stipulates that the right-wing parties will support the public pension system reform and the left-wing parties will oppose it. Armeanu (2010a) showed that there are countries where privatization was supported by the centre-left coalitions that needed to overpass a strong opposition made by the right-wing parties. Using the Ideal Point Estimation technique within the voting sessions related to pension reform during the last three Romanian legislatures, we will explain the formation of pro and against coalitions regarding the pension reform from Romania during the privatization process of public pension system. We also test the hypotheses of the model presented by Armeanu (2010a, 2010b), model that predicts the behaviour of political parties based on the position they have on a two-dimensional space related to the costs of pension reform.

Open access

Meimanat Hosseini-Chavoshi, Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi and Peter McDonald

Abstract

The Islamic Republic of Iran has experienced a remarkable demographic transition over the last three decades. As a result of social, demographic and economic changes, Iran’s fertility declined from 7.0 births per woman in 1980 to around 1.8 to 2.0 in 2011 based on our estimation (McDonald et al. 2015). The initial rise and rapid fall of fertility accompanied by a decline of child mortality led to a post-revolutionary youth bulge in the age distribution that will lead to rapid ageing in the longer-term future. Others have argued that Iran’s fertility has fallen to much lower levels - as low as 1.5 births per woman (eg. Erfani 2013). Such low estimates led to the Government of Iran adopting a pronatalist policy with the aim of increasing fertility, although the components of the policy are still under discussion. Different views have been expressed on the role of family planning and other programs in meeting population policy goals in Iran in the future with some advocating the discontinuation of government assistance to family planning. This paper aims to review the trends and levels of fertility, marriage, and family planning and their implications for policy. Using various datasets and detailed parity-based measures of fertility, the dynamics of fertility regulation practiced by Iranian couples are investigated. Our findings suggest that contraceptive use stabilized before 2000 and postponement of the first child and wide birth intervals are the main contributors to the level of fertility. Therefore, instead of discontinuation of the family planning program, policy to sustain fertility at its present level or a little higher needs to focus upon improving the economic circumstances of young people so that they are able to make less constrained choices about family formation than is the case at present.

Open access

Ken Bluestone

Bibliography DoH (2013). G8 – Dementia Summit Declaration . RDD/10495. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/g8-dementia-summit-agreements/g8-dementia-summit-declaration . UN (2002). “Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing”. In: New York: United Nations . UN (2015a). Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction . http://www.unisdr.org/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf . UN (2015b). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development . A/RES/70/1. http

Open access

Jaco Hoffman

, 34(3), 261-263. Keating, N. (2011). Critical reflections on families of older adults. Advances in Gerontology, 24(2): 343-349 UN. (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A/RES/70/1. http:/www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E . WHO. (2016). Global Strategy and Action Plan on Ageing and Health. A69/17. http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA69/A69_17-en.pdf .

Open access

Raluca Perneş

REFERENCES Amanor, K. (1999). Global restructuring and land rights in Ghana: Forest food chains, timber, and rural livelihoods . Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Amanor, K. S. (2008). Sustainable development, corporate accumulation and community expropriation: Land and natural resources in West Africa. In K. S. Amanor, S. Moyo (Eds.), Land and sustainable development in Africa . London: Zed Books. Amin, S. (1973). Neo-Colonialism in West Africa . New York, London: Monthly Review Press. Comaroff, J. L., Comaroff, J. (1992

Open access

Jamie P. Halsall and Ian G. Cook

Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 24(1): 1-4. Hajjar, R. R., Atli, T., Al-Mandhari, Z., Oudrhiri, M., Balducci, L.&Silbermann, M. (2013).Prevalence of aging population in the Middle East and its implications on cancer incidence and care. Annals of Oncology , 23(7): 11-24. Halsall, J. P., Cook, I. G. and Wankhade, P. (2015). The British big society effect: the challenges of the third sector. International Journal of Sustainable Society, 7(4): 309-21. Halsall, J. P., Oberoi, R., Cook, I.G. and Wankhade, P. (2013). Understanding community governance: a