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Wiktor Głowacki, Janusz Komenda, Magdalena Zalasińska, Ilona Morawska and František Imrich

Introduction In 2003 the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine signed a Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians, referred to as the Carpathian Convention ( Conference of Plenipotentiaries for Adoption and Signature of The Framework Convention On The Protection And Sustainable Development Of The Carpathians [CPA], 2003 ). Spatial planning and cultural heritage have both been declared as areas of cooperation between countries party to the convention. Article 5 of the Convention

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Dorota Murzyn

smart, sustainable and economic growth? The research involves the analysis of primary sources, such as policy documents and legislation, and in the empirical section, is based on data from the reports on the implementation of the budgets of local government units (by the Ministry of Finance) and data generated from the KSI SIMIK 07-13 National Information System. The paper is structured as follows. The next section will concentrate on the role of cities in delivering the Europe 2020 priorities. Then it focuses on EU cohesion policy and the place of cities

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Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska

one of the main goals of the policy of developing sustainable urban structures”. He recognizes that the enhancement of connections between city centers and metropolitan centers „is an important element of policy aimed at improving the cohesion of metropolitan structure”. He states that the revitalization of a city center should contain not only the protection of its cultural heritage, but also activities focused on the improvement of its accessibility. He underlines the need to create a network of connections between the areas with large potential (like diverse city

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Piotr Zierke

sustainability principles have become popular in suburbs ( Heberle, Opp 2008 ), and new terms and trends such as ‘walkability’ (that are used to measure how friendly urban spaces are for pedestrians) were even introduced ( Hutabarat Lo 2009 ). Unfortunately, observations of changes that were taking place in the zones of Poznań Conurbation that were studied seem to confirm that the proposed solutions to problems are not always welcomed by the residents of such areas and people who are responsible for their development. This is confirmed by still unresolved problems and

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Justyna Kleszcz

, cattle markets and so on, all linked to the biology of the life and death of animals, on the inhabitants of the area. The issue is also related to the process of forming another field of knowledge, that is, urban zoography perceived in the context of a more sublime form of urban ecology and sustainable development policy which can be implemented once a basic level of understanding is reached regarding selected physical parameters of the urban environment ( Pulido 2000 ). With the change of approach towards the perception of urban ecosystems as both human and wildlife

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Anna Bilska

, other), initiators (Rotterdam Municipality, Port of Rotterdam Authority, local society, private entity), and areas of impact (building, housing estate, district, city). Survey sheets were processed in Excel using statistical techniques. The interviews, conducted in November and December 2014, involved an official in City Hall, two academics at the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies at Erasmus University in Rotterdam, a flood defence specialist at the Keringhuis – Public Water Management Information Centre and a specialist on sustainable development

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Kasphia Nahrin

supply – Increased prices – Programme design (incentives) can secure developers’ profits – Prices and production level are a function of market demand and not development cost – Not found to restrict housing supply or increase prices 1. Housing production Affordable housing: – Limited production – Challenges to sustained affordability – For-sale rather than rental – Significant production if well-structured and in a suitable context

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Justyna Gorgoń

following European projects were analysed: Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse 2013) , Climate Neutral Urban Districts in Europe (CLUE 2015) , Bottom - up climate adaptation strategies towards a sustainable Europe (BasE 2016) , Integrated Spatial planning, Land use and Soil management Research action (INSPIRATION 2016) . In addition, a review has been carried out of literature and strategic documents prepared in selected European states. Those materials have been used as a reference to the projects and activities carried out in Poland. One of the most

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Dorota Kamrowska-Załuska

of motor vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants in Gdańsk (no data for 2004) Source: own analysis based on the System Analiz Samorządowych database Nevertheless, the approach to mobility in the Metropolitan Area is gradually changing – priorities and directions are more compatible with the concept of sustainable development. Therefore, one of the most important objectives of transport policy is to promote the development of rail transport as a safe and environmentally friendly solution. Great emphasis is placed on strengthening the role of bicycles not only as

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Krystyna Ilmurzyńska

areas. Whereas in the 1970s individual activity in managing the green areas was seen as an opportunity to preserve its natural character, recent changes indicate the need to moderate the activity of the residents and investors in order to sustain the green areas in a biologically active state. Maintaining nature in the urban environment has become one of the main objectives of designing a sustainable community. Residents seem to accept and take for granted a modernist vision of the city, e.g. a model of a housing estate with broad green areas, and they do not express