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Jeremy David Bendik-Keymer

. New York: Oxford University Press. SHIVA, V. (2005): Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability, and Peace . Boston: South End Press. SHUE, H. (2010): Deadly Delays, Saving Opportunities: Creating a More Deadly World? In: S. Gardiner, S. Caney, D. Jamieson & H. Shue (eds.): Climate Ethics: Essential Readings . New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 146–162. SINGER, P. (2004): One World: The Ethics of Globalization . New Haven: Yale University Press. SINNOT-ARMSTRONG, W. (2010): It’s Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral

Open access

Ireneusz Ziemiński


The article is a critical commentary on Peter Singer’s thesis that the brain death definition should be replaced by a rule outlining the conditions permitting organ harvesting from patients who are biologically alive but are no longer persons. Largely agreeing with the position, I believe it can be justified not only on the basis of utilitarian arguments, but also those based on Kantian ethics and Christianity. However, due to the lack of reliable methods diagnosing complete and irreversible loss of consciousness, we should refrain from implementing upper brain death into medical practice. Organs also should not be harvested from people in a persistent vegetative state or from anencephalic children, for similar reasons. At the same time, patients who suffered from whole-brain death should not be artificially sustained; in light of current knowledge they can be declared dead and become organ donors.

Open access

Bob Brecher

:// MACINTYRE, A. (2013): Dependent Rational Animals . London: Bloomsbury. MILL, J. S. (1989): On Liberty , ed. by S. Collini. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. NATIONAL ARCHIVES (no date): Tithes [online]. [Retrieved April 1, 2017]. Available at RAHMAN, M. H. (2016): Exploring sustainability to feed the world in 2050. In: Journal of Food Microbiology , 1(1), pp. 7–16 [online]. [Retrieved May 1, 2017]. Available at: http