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Ming-hui Li, Yao Xie, Yao Lu, Guo-hua Qiu, Lu Zhang, Ge Shen, Li-wei Zhuang, Ju-long Hu, Jian-ping Dong, Cai-qin Mu, Lei-ping Hu, Li-jun Chen, Xing-hong Li, Min Yang, Yun-zhong Wu, Hui Zhao, Shu-jing Song, Jun Cheng and Dao-zhen Xu

. Pearlman BL, Ehleben C, Saifee S. Treatment extension to 72 weeks of peginterferon and ribavirin in hepatitis C genotype 1-infected slow responders. Hepatology 2007; 46:1688-1694. 24. Jensen DM, Marcellin P, Freilich B, Andreone P, Di Bisceglie A, Brandão-Mello CE, et al. Re-treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C who do not respond to peginterferon-alpha2b: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2009; 150:528-540. 25. Ferenci P, Fried MW, Shiffman ML, Smith CI, Marinos G, Goncales FL Jr, et al. Predicting sustained virological

Open access

Zhu Chen, Yi-lan Zeng, Li Wang, Rong Hu, Yan Wang, Yu-zhen Tang, Li Zhu and Bei Wu

YM, et al. Randomized, open-label and active controlled study of PEGIFNα- 2a in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in China (in Chinese). J Infect Dis 2004;22(4):221-224. 4. Ge D, Fellay J, Thompson AJ, Simon JS, Shianna KV, Urban TJ, et al. Genetic variation in IL28B predicts hepatitis C treatmentinduced viral clearance. Nature 2009;461:399-401. 5. Lin CY, Chen JY, Lin TN, Jeng WJ, Huang CH, Huang CW, et al. IL28B SNP rs12979860 is a critical predictor for on-treatment and sustained virological response in patients with hepatitis

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N. Thligene, G. N. Mezzapesa, D. Mondelli, A. Trani, P. Veronico, M. T. Melillo, S. Dumontet, T. Miano and N. Sasanelli

.resconrec.2017.10.001 K anauchi , O., M itsuyama , K., A raki , Y. (2001): Development of a functional germinated barley foodstuff from brewers’ spent grain for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. J. Am. Soc. Brew. Chem. , 59: 59 – 62 L uque , R., C lark , J. H. (2013): Valorisation of food residues: waste to wealth using green chemical technologies. Sustain. Chem. Process. , 1(1): 10. DOI: 10.1186/2043-7129-1 – 10 L ynch , K. M., S teffen , E. J., A rendt , E. K. (2016): Brewers’ spent grain: a review with an emphasis on food and health. J. Inst. Brew

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Hanyu Wang and Weihong Kuang

multicenter, randomized, double-blind controlled study of efficacy and safety of umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells in the prophylaxis of chronic graft-versus-host disease after HLA-haploidentical stem-cell transplantation J. Clin. Oncol. 2016 34 24 2843 2850 [48] Ball, L.M., Bernardo, M.E., Roelofs, H., van Tol, M.J., Contoli, B., Zwaginga, J.J., et al., Multiple infusions of mesenchymal stromal cells induce sustained remission in children with steroid-refractory, grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease, Br. J. Haematol., 2013, 163(4), 501

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Afaq Ahmad Malik, Javed Ahmad and M.Z. Abdin

traditional Indian remedies. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2002; 57:891-896. 23. Van de Kop P, Alam G, De Steenhuijsen Piters B. Developing a sustainable medicinal plant chain in India: linking, people, markets and values. In: Ruben R, Slingerland M, Nijhoff H (eds.). Agro-food chains and networks for development. Springer 2004;191-202. 24. Kumar B. Prediction of germination potential in seeds of Indian basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Crop Improv 2012; 26:532-539. 25. Herrera E, Tremblay N, Desroches B, Gosselin A. Optimization of

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S. Trdan, M. Vidrih, L. Andjus and Ž. Laznik

Abstract

Four entomopathogenic nematode species (Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, and H. megidis) were tested in a laboratory bioassay for the efficacy of these pathogens in controlling the larvae and adults of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata. The main aim of the study was to develop an efficient sustainable control method against the pest. With this we could develop a strategy of potato production with the intention of diminishing or even preventing the appearance of pest resistance to insecticides. The activity of these biological agents was assessed at three different temperatures (15, 20, and 25 °C) and three concentrations (200, 1000, and 2000 infective juveniles per individual). Mortality of three stages (young and old larvae and adults) was determined 2, 4, and 7 days after treatment. At 15 °C entomopathogenic nematodes showed the lowest efficacy against all insect stages. No significant differences in efficacy was determined at 20 and 25 °C as all nematodes caused prompt death of all stages. At all temperatures young larvae were most susceptible. However, when controlling overwintered adults for the purpose of preventing the mass appearance of Colorado potato beetle, we recommend an application of higher concentrations of S. feltiae suspension.

Open access

Lenche Danevska, Mirko Spiroski, Doncho Donev, Nada Pop-Jordanova and Momir Polenakovic

Abstract

Introduction. The Internet has enabled an easy method to search through the vast majority of publications and has improved the impact of scholarly journals. However, it can also pose threats to the quality of published articles. New publishers and journals have emerged so-called open-access potential, possible, or probable predatory publishers and journals, and so-called hijacked journals. It was our aim to increase awareness and warn scholars, especially young researchers, how to recognize these journals and how to avoid submission of their papers to these journals.

Methods. Review and critical analysis of the relevant published literature, Internet sources and personal experience, thoughts, and observations of the authors.

Results. The web blog of Jeffrey Beall, University of Colorado, was greatly consulted. Jeffrey Beall is a Denver academic librarian who regularly maintains two lists: the first one, of potential, possible, or probable predatory publishers and the second one, of potential, possible, or probable predatory standalone journals. Aspects related to this topic presented by other authors have been discussed as well.

Conclusion. Academics should bear in mind how to differentiate between trustworthy and reliable journals and predatory ones, considering: publication ethics, peer-review process, international academic standards, indexing and abstracting, preservation in digital repositories, metrics, sustainability, etc.

Open access

P. Nosal, M. Murawski, P. M. Bartlewski, J. Kowal, M. Skalska and D. A Zięba

Summary

One of the alternative methods of parasite control, of particular importance in sustainable farming, is the use of medicinal plants. The specific aim of the present field trial was to assess the anti-parasitic effects of herbal extracts contained in a commercially available lick formulation for sheep. At the outset of this study conducted during the grazing season, all animals were de-wormed and then randomly assigned to one of the two separately kept groups (treatment and control), each consisting of 25 animals (11 ewes and 14 lambs). The treatment group received mineral licks containing the extracts of the plants with anti-parasitic properties, while control animals received standard mineral licks ad libitum. Rectal fecal samples were collected monthly from all animals for the McMaster analyses. There were no significant differences in the prevalence and intensity of helminth infections between the treatment and control groups. Thus, we were not able to ascertain the efficacy of the commercial herbal de-wormer tested for the control of gastrointestinal helminths in grazing ewes and their lambs.

Open access

S. Dražilová, J. Kinčeková, Ľ. Beňa, M. Zachar, M. Švajdler, A. Königová, M. Janičko and P. Jarčuška

Abstract

We present a case of 53 years old patient with transplanted kidney, chronic hepatitis C and alveolar echinococcosis who was treated with pegylated interferon α which resulted in regression and calcification of Echinococcus multilocularis loculi. Patient had been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C two years after kidney transplantation. Hepatitis was left untreated because of immunosuppressive treatment and satisfactory graft function. Nine years after transplantation the patient was diagnosed with alveolar echinococcosis and treated with mebendazole 2 × 200 mg daily for 6 months. Cessation of temporary treatment resulted in echinococcosis progression with appearance of secondary loculi and a small ascites after which mebendazole was restarted. Ten years after transplantation, kidney graft failure occurred and the patient was started on hemodialysis in conjunction with pegylated-interferon alpha 2a for treatment of chronic viral hepatitis C. Complete early viral response was observed 3 months after therapy initiation while a follow-up CT scan after 4 months did not document any changes in the number or size of E. multilocularis loculi. A completed course of antiviral therapy resulted in sustained viral response while a subsequent second follow-up CT scan 6 months after cessation of antiviral therapy documented regression and calcification of main E. multilocularis loculi along with resolution of secondary loculi and ascites.