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Ramon Pereira, Renata Osborne, Soraia Cabral and Carlos da Silva

and reflections on intervention/. Revista Movimento , 8, 102-112. Emerson, R. W. & Sauerburger, D. (2008). Detecting approaching vehicles at streets with no traffic control. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness , 102, 747-760. Freitas, M. (2004). Desenvolvimento Sustentável /Sustainable Development/. Perspectiva , 22, 547-575. George, A. L. & Duquette, C. (2006). The Psychosocial Experiences of a Student with Low Vision. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness , 100, 152

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Renata Osborne

References 1. Marcinkowski T.J., Contemporary challenges and opportunities in Environmental Education: where are we headed and what deserves our attention? J Environ Educ, 2010, 41 (1), 34-54, doi: 10.1080/00958960903210015. 2. UNESCO. United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development 2005-2014: Draft International Implementation Scheme. Available from: URL: http://portal. unesco.org/education/admin [accessed: May 11, 2005]. 3. Freitas M., Evolution of the sustainable development concept

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Bissera A. Pilicheva, Margarita I. Kassarova, Plamen I. Zagorchev and Yordanka I. Uzunova

vitro evaluation of betahistine dihydrochloride twice daily controlled release matrix tablet. Dhaka Univ J Pharm Sci 2011;10(2):93-100. 5. Heda AA, Sonawane AR, Naranje GH, et al. Development and in vitro evaluation of betahistine adhesive-type transdermal delivery system. Trop J Pharm Res 2010;9(6):516-24. 6. Wagh VD, Pawar N. Development and evaluation of sustained release tablet of betahistine hydrochloride using ion exchange resin Tulsion T344. ISRN Pharm 2012:438342. doi: 10.5402/2012/438342. Epub 2012 Jun 18. 7

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Dariusz Boguszewski, Monika (Cieślik), Jakub Adamczyk and Andrzej Ochal

długoterminowa nad niesprawnym seniorem [Long-term care of senior]. UAM Poznan. Tyszkowska, D. (2003). Aktywność fizyczna czynnikiem podtrzymującym zdrowie w procesie starzenia się [Physical Activity as a factor sustaining the health in elderly people]. MODN, Elk. Wrzesniewski, K., Sosnowski, T., & Matusik, D. (2002). Inwentarz stanu i cechy lęku STAI [Anxiety state and feature STAI Questionnaire]. Warszawa: PTP. [in Polish]. Zagura, F. I., & Lesko, O. M. (2010). Effect of exercises on system

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Aksinia Lipatova, Azamat Kade, Artem Trofimenko, Viktor Ovsiannikov, Oleg Tcymbalov and Aleksandr Sidorenko

Abstract

The aim of study is to analyze the tDCS influence on stressinduced disorders in rats with low stress sustainability and endurance. the animals with a low stress sustainability and endurance were divided into 3 groups: the comparison 1, the comparison 2 and the main. The control group consisted of intact rats. The rats of the comparison group 1 were subjected to orthostatic stress 24 hours after the 1st forced swimming test. The rats of the comparison group 2 and the main one were conducted the 2nd forced swimming test on the 7th day of the experiment, and 24 hours later they were subjected to the orthostatic stress. Rats of the main group got tDCS sessions after the 1st forced swimming test. The development of the orthostatic stress is accompanied by an increase in plasma content the following components: adrenaline by 88.9%, ACTH in 10.5 times, corticosterone by 70.1%, IL-1 by 178.2%, IL-6 in 6.7 times, IL-10 by 37.1% in comparison with intact animals. The usage of tDCS in rats with low stress sustainability and endurance increased the swimming duration by 47.7%. During the OS it was also accompanied by a decrease in plasma content: adrenaline in 1.4 times, ACTH in 8.2 times, corticosterone in 1.4 times, IL-1in 1.5 times, IL-6 in 2.2 times, IL-10 in 1.2 times, relative to the comparison group 2. The obtained data showed the essential effect of tDCS on stress-related changes in the content of cytokines and hormones of blood.

Open access

Dorjan Marušič, Petruša Miholič and Andrej Marušič

Vzdržnost in dolgoživost mreže psihiatrične dejavnosti v Sloveniji: predlog storitev na primeru otroške psihiatrije

Ravnovesje med ceno in učinkovitostjo dela je najbolje optimizirati s primerno mešanico strokovnih profilov in izkušenj. V članku sta predstavljeni matematični enačbi za izračun potreb za različne duševne motnje ter potreb po osebju za ustrezno obravnavo določene duševne motnje. Teoretično bi lahko vse oblike zdravljenja opravil pedopsihiater, kar pa bi, zaradi dražjega izobraževanja in plačevanja zdravnikov, po nepotrebnem dvignilo ceno storitvam. Ena od rešitev bi bil kompromis, kjer bi pomemeben delež otrok, ki ne potrebujejo terapije z zdravili, spremljalo nezdravniško osebje. Zagotovo pa bi bilo potrebno razdeliti delo v tri kategorije: na primere, ko naj pedopsihiatrija prevzame vodilno vlogo, primere, ko naj preostale ustanove prevzamejo vodilno vlogo ter primere, pri katerih naj bo pristop od vsega začetka večslojen. S krepitvijo interesa staršev in ostalih svojcev ter s spodbujanjem k organiziranju skupin za samopomoč, bo tudi pedopsihiatrija dolgoročno pridobila. Predstavljeni podatki in razmišljanja v članku naj bodo izziv za razpravo med vsemi udeleženimi pri morebitnem prilagajanju ali celo preoblikovanju pedopsihiatričnih storitev v Sloveniji.

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Ralph Panos and William Eschenbacher

Open access

Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar and Amit Agrawal

Abstract

Rigid collars are routinely used to immobilise the cervical spine during early phase of management of trauma cases until cervical clearance is obtained or else diagnosed as case of cervical spine injury following detailed clinical as well as neurological evaluation. Spinal injuries commonly coexist in patients sustaining severe head injury. Till date, there is no clear cut consensus about effect of application of a rigid collar in cases suffering with traumatic brain injury. However, concern are regularly raised over collar application, such practice may have adverse effect on cerebrovascular regulation and ultimately affecting intracranial pressure and outcome. Authors made detailed Pubmed, EMBASE, AMED, and Thomson Reuters, Medline line search and could find out six articles. According to existing literature, the cervical collar has the potential to influence intracranial pressure in patients suffering with head injury. There are several reports in the literature showing that cervical immobilization may alter intracranial pressure and the changes in ICP closely depend on the types of cervical collars used. Authors discuss the current status based on review of updated literature on possible effect on the intracranial pressure produced by application of rigid cervical collar and briefly literature is reviewed.

Open access

Vuk R. Vukovic, Dejan Baskic, Zeljko Mijailovic and Predrag Djurdjevic

, Wedemeyer H and Cornberg M. Treating viral hepatitis C: efficacy, side effects, and complications. Gut 2006; 55: 1350-9. 8. Pawlowska M, Pilarczyk M, Foksinska A, Smukalska E, Halota W. Hematological Adverse events and Sustained Viral Response in Children Undergoing Therapy for Chronic Hepatitis C Infection. Hepat Mon 2011; 11(12): 968-74. 9. Feuerstadt P, Bunim AL, Garcia H et al. Effectiveness of hepatitis C treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin in urban minority patients. Hepatology 2010; 51(4): 1137-43. 10