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Juraj Dolník

Abstract

This paper is intended to be a contribution to research of communication formations that are shaped by systematic communication. The approach of the author is based on the idea that the human being has a gift for making signs and people make use of this property if they are adapting to a situation of recurrent coexistence. This property enables the participants of such a situation to create social signs with the structure sociolect as the form of the sign: the semantic interpretation of this form as the meaning of the sign. One way of analysing this meaning is by looking at the foundation of the motivation of animal and human behaviour. The author argues that this meaning is based on a feeling of safety and the participants of potential communication formations follow the principle of coordination in order to sustain this feeling and to introduce the state of communication comfort.

Open access

Anna Mystkowska-Wiertelak and Mirosław Pawlak

Abstract

A person’s willingness to communicate (WTC), believed to stem from a combination of proximal and distal variables comprising psychological, linguistic, educational and communicative dimensions of language, appears to be a significant predictor of success in language learning. The ability to communicate is both a means and end of language education, since, on the one hand, being able to express the intended meanings in the target language is generally perceived as the main purpose of any language course and, on the other, linguistic development proceeds in the course of language use. However, MacIntyre (2007, p. 564) observes that some learners, despite extensive study, may never become successful L2 speakers. The inability or unwillingness to sustain contacts with more competent language users may influence the way learners are evaluated in various social contexts. Establishing social networks as a result of frequent communication with target language users is believed to foster linguistic development. WTC, initially considered a stable personality trait and then a result of context-dependent influences, has recently been viewed as a dynamic phenomenon changing its intensity within one communicative event (MacIntyre and Legatto, 2011; MacIntyre et al., 2011). The study whose results are reported here attempts to tap into factors that shape one’s willingness to speak during a communicative task. The measures employed to collect the data - selfratings and surveys - allow looking at the issue from a number of perspectives.

Open access

Oleksandr Kapranov

References Benford, R. D. and Snow, D. A., 2000. Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment. Annual Review of Sociology , vol. 26, no.1, pp. 611-639. Benn, S., Dunphy, D. and Griffiths, A., 2014. Organizational change for corporate sustainability . London/NY: Routledge. Benjamin, D., Han-Hui, P. and Budescu, D., 2016. Climate change versus global warming: Who is susceptible to the framing of climate change? Environment and Behavior , vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 745-770. Berbes-Blazques, M., C. et al., 2017. Understanding

Open access

Oleksandr Kapranov

(ted) discourses and climate change: a focus on political subjectivity and (dis)engagement. WIREs Climate Change, no. 1, pp.172-179. CHERP, A. and JEWELL, J., 2011. The three perspectives on energy security: intellectual history, disciplinary roots and the potential for integration. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 202-212. CHILTON, P., 2004. Analysing political discourse: Theory and practice. Routledge. CHUM, H. L. and OVEREND, R., 2001. Biomass and renewable fuels. Fuel Processing Technology

Open access

Jagoda Topalov and Biljana Radić-Bojanić

References ALA. 2000. Information Competency Literacy Standards for Higher Education . Chicago: American Library Association. Alexander, Olwin. et al. 2008. EAP Essentials: A teacher's Guide to Principles and Practice . Reading: Garnet Education. Barron, Brigid. 2006 “Interest and Self-sustained learning as Catalysts of Development: A Learning Ecology Perspective” in Human Development 49(4) , pp. 193-224. Lemke, Cheryl. 2003 21st Century Skills . Naperville, Ill: North Central

Open access

Jagoda Topalov and Biljana University Of Novi Sad

References ALA. 2000. Information Competency Literacy Standards for Higher Education . Chicago: American Library Association. Alexander, Olwin. et al. 2008. EAP Essentials: A teacher's Guide to Principles and Practice . Reading: Garnet Education. Barron, Brigid. 2006 “Interest and Self-sustained learning as Catalysts of Development: A Learning Ecology Perspective” in Human Development 49(4) , pp. 193-224. Lemke, Cheryl. 2003 21st Century Skills . Naperville, Ill: North Central

Open access

Mohammed Mediani, Jan Niehues and Alex Waibel

References Andreas, Beckmann, Meyer Ulrich, Sanders Peter, and Singler Johannes. Energy-efficient sorting using solid state disks. Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems , 1(2):151-163, 2011. Arge, Lars, Octavian Procopiuc, and Jeffrey Scott Vitter. Implementing I/O-efficient data structures using TPIE. In In Proc. European Symposium on Algorithms , pages 88-100. Springer, 2002. Beckmann, Andreas, Ulrich Meyer, Peter Sanders Johannes Singler, and Peter Sanders Johannes

Open access

Tijana Parezanović

Abstract

Focusing on the hotel imagery and, more precisely, the hotel Majestic featured in J.G. Farrell’s 1970 novel Troubles, this article provides a spatial contextualization of the historical downfall of the British Empire. In an attempt to establish the concept of the “colonial hotel”, this particular type of hotel is theorized as a fictional means of questioning the sustainability of the imperial project of colonialism. The theoretical framework for considerations of the Majestic in Troubles as a representative of the “colonial hotel” concept is based on Foucault’s heterotopology, as well as on the concepts of liminality and dislocation taken from postcolonial studies. Reading Troubles as an allegory of the Troubles in Ireland and, more broadly, a symptom of the disintegration of the British Empire, the article shows that the hotel, modelled after the historical concept of the Anglo-Irish big house, provides a proper setting where the deconstruction of the binary oppositions of colonial discourse can be played out. While the Majestic represents a mirror-image of the imperial centre, or rather a dislocated centre, its destruction is brought about by its tendency towards constancy and perpetuation of the illusion of grandeur. Similarly, the British Empire refuses to acknowledge the socio-political and historical changes of the early twentieth century and denies the existence of interstitial spaces between its firmly defined structures, whereby it inevitably meets its end.

Open access

Silvia Baučeková

Abstract

Food and murder have had a paradoxical relationship ever since the first prehistoric hunter-gatherers put the first morsels of meat into their mouths. On one hand, eating means life: food is absolutely necessary to sustain life. On the other hand, eating means killing. Whether it is the obvious killing of an animal for meat, or the less obvious termination of a plant’s life, one must destroy life in order to eat. It is assumed that this inherent tension between eating/living and eating/dying often informs and shapes crime narratives, not only in the recently invented genre of culinary mystery, produced most famously by Diane Mott Davidson and Joanne Fluke, but also, even if to a lesser extent, in classic detective novels of the 20th century. This article focuses on how the contradictory nature of eating is manifested in the work of Agatha Christie. By combining a traditional structuralist approach to crime fiction as a formula, as advocated by John G. Cawelti, with the methods of the emerging field of food studies, the paper aims to observe a classic, i.e., the classic detective story, from a new perspective

Open access

Elena Tyurkan (Belichenko)

. Petersburg: RGPU im. A.I. Gertsena, 1994. Print. Baudouin de Courtney, Ivan A. O Smeshannom Haraktere Vseh Yazikov. Izbrannie Trudy po Obshchemu Yazikoznaniyu. Vol.1. Мoscow: Nauka, 1963. Print. Capra, Fritjof. The Hidden Connections: A Science for Sustainable Living. London: Harper Collins, 2002. Print. Chomsky, Nicholas. Language and Politics. Montreal: Black Rose, 1983. Print. ---. Language and Problems of Knowledge. The Managua Lectures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988. Print