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Kazimierz Równy

. Równy, Rio+20 dla wdrażania zrównoważonego rozwoju a prawo ochrony środowiska i jego nauka w Polsce (2013). Sachs JD, The Age of Sustainable Development (2015). Stiglitz JE, Kaldor M (eds) Quest for security, protection without protectionism and the challenge of global governance ( 2013). Weizsäcker EU von, Lovins AB, Lovins LH, Mnożnik Cztery, podwojony dobrobyt – dwukrotnie mniejsze zużycie zasobów naturalnych, Nowy Raport dla Klubu Rzymskiego (1999). Wolfke K, Międzynarodowe prawo środowiska (tworzenie i egzekwowanie) (1979

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Justyna Bazylińska-Nagler

and C-405/12 P Council of the European Union European Commission v Stichting Natuur en Milieu and Pesticide Action Network Europe Legislation Charter of Fundamental Rights of the Union [2012] OJ C326/02 Communication from the Commission. Europe 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth [2010] COM(2010) 2020 final Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, Aarhus, Denmark [1998] United Nations Treaty

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Maciej Cieslukowski

October 2003 restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity. • Council, 2006, Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy – Renewed Strategy , Brussels, 9 June 2006, 10117/06. • Environment Group, 2006, Sustainable Development: A Review of International Literature , The Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Westminster and the Law School, University of Strathclyde, Scottish Executive Social Research. • Felber Christian, 2015, Change Everything: Creating an Economy for the Common Good

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Martian Iovan

environmental education. 10. European Comission. (2008). Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment. Special Eurobarometer.68.2, 11. Guvernul Romaniei. (2008). Strategia Nationala pentru Dezvoltarea Durabila a Romaniei. 12. Hoggan, J. (2009). Climate cover-up. Vancouver/Toronto/Berkeley: D./ M. Publisher. Inc. 13. Iovan, Martian. (2014). Eco-Education: A Required Element of Public Policies for Sustainable Social and Economic Development, in

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Peter H. Huang

for Law Schools to Link the Curricular Trends of Legal Tech and Mindfulness , 48 Toledo L. Rev. 55 (2016). My maternal grandmother introduced me as a child to practicing mindfulness, Huang, supra note 2, at 315. through her example of a daily meditative practice with a set of mala beads. Nathalie Martin, Mindful Lawyering , in The Best Lawyer You Can Be: A Guide to Physical, Mental, Emotional, and Spiritual Wellness 27 (Stewart Levine ed., 2018). Developing and sustaining a mindfulness practice has helped me cope with and manage anxiety, depression, and

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Bruce G. Peabody

represented the exception rather than the rule. The President has stepped somewhat lightly around the courts, especially in comparison with his more aggressive posture towards other institutions, such as the press and intelligence community. At least in the first two years of the Trump White House, sustained opposition to courts is the proverbial dog that didn’t bark—a surprising outcome given numerous factors inclining us towards heightened executive-judicial tension, and the clamorous noises otherwise emerging from the bully pulpit. The following analysis tries to both

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Ewan McGaughey

Rights Act 1965 §5). No modern judiciary has engaged in a more sustained assault on democracy and human rights. In particular, its attack on labor and democratic society made inequality soar. But the most astonishing modern phase of jurisprudence began in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission . Citizens United v. Fed. Election Comm’n, 558 U.S. 310 (2010). The Court ruled on whether the Federal Election Campaign Act 1971 §441b, which prohibited corporations and unions from using treasury money to fund ‘electioneering communications’, was

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Hanafi A. Hammed


The New Partnership for Africa’s Development is the latest in a long line of initiatives or framework intended by African leaders to place African continent on a path of growth and sustainable development. The development challenges that face Africa are enormous and varied. Th e crisis of political instability, bad governance, lack of peace and security, poverty and diseases like HIV/AIDs. NEPAD recognized peace and security as condition for good governance and sustainable development. Therefore, in absence of peace and security, democracy and good governance cannot strive and where there is no good governance, we cannot witness sustainable development. This paper argues that peace and security has been elusive in much of Africa. The failure of the Organisation of African Unity to ensure peace and security in Africa and to address Africa’s post-cold war legion of challenges, the successor organisation, the African Union and its attendant development programme, the NEPAD were established. The first issue which is critical to NEPAD is, solving armed conflict and civil unrest on the continent. Currently, twenty percent of the people of Africa are living in condition of conflict. These conditions cause terrible suffering and hold back economic development in the affected countries. The extent of conflict is so great that the whole continent is affected and this creates a major barrier to inward investment. On the resolution, NEPAD is in a position to make considerable progress. It was learnt in Sierra Lone that with concentrated international eff ort, conflict can be successfully ended and institutions of a properly functioning state can begin to be rebuilt. The paper therefore examines the origin of the NEPAD, NEPAD and challenges of peace and security in Africa and involvement of AU/NEPAD in Darfur and Cote D’Ivoire crises. It further discusses the AU/NEPAD conflict mechanisms for conflict prevention, management and resolution and draw conclusion.