.Retrieved September 10, 2014, from http://www.ecgi.org/codes/documents/cadbury.pdf. Cranfield School of Management. (2009). Sustainable Value EABIS Research Project: Corporate Responsibility, Market Valuation and Measuring the Financial and Non-Financial Performance of theFirm.Retrieved June 17, 2014, from http://investorvalue.org/docs/Eabis-ProjectFinal.pdf. Demb, A., Neubauer, F. F. (1992). The Corporate Board: Confronting the Paradoxes. New York: Oxford University Press. Donaldson, L., Davis, J. H. (1991). Stewardship Theory or
Marie Pavláková Docekalová, Alena Kocmanová and Jirí Kolenák
Loreta Schwarczová and Anna Bandlerová
leader: Ing. Ľubica Rumanovska, PhD. (8) Jean Monnet, Centre of Excellence “EU Land Policy - the pathway towards sustainable Europe”, project number: 2013 - 2883/001-001, project leader: prof. JUDr. Anna Bandlerova, PhD.
María Mar Delgado-Serrano and José Ángel Hurtado-Martos
Land is an essential resource and plays a vital role in providing food and food security, water, ecosystem services and territorial resilience. However, the past few decades have generated enormous and increasingly unsustainable pressures on land use. The objective of this research is to analyse the main land use changes in Spain between 1987 and 2011 using data provided by the Corine Land Cover (CLC) project. The general trends in land use change at CLC level 1 in this period, and more specifically the changes occurring at CLC level 3 in land destined for agricultural use are analysed. The main reasons that explain these changes, including policy influences, are then identified. The results show that the area occupied by buildings and infrastructure has doubled, agricultural land has decreased and irrigated land has increased; forested areas have also increased, but their ecological quality has been degraded. These trends question the future sustainability of that land use in the analysed period.
Hanafi A. Hammed
The New Partnership for Africa’s Development is the latest in a long line of initiatives or framework intended by African leaders to place African continent on a path of growth and sustainable development. The development challenges that face Africa are enormous and varied. Th e crisis of political instability, bad governance, lack of peace and security, poverty and diseases like HIV/AIDs. NEPAD recognized peace and security as condition for good governance and sustainable development. Therefore, in absence of peace and security, democracy and good governance cannot strive and where there is no good governance, we cannot witness sustainable development. This paper argues that peace and security has been elusive in much of Africa. The failure of the Organisation of African Unity to ensure peace and security in Africa and to address Africa’s post-cold war legion of challenges, the successor organisation, the African Union and its attendant development programme, the NEPAD were established. The first issue which is critical to NEPAD is, solving armed conflict and civil unrest on the continent. Currently, twenty percent of the people of Africa are living in condition of conflict. These conditions cause terrible suffering and hold back economic development in the affected countries. The extent of conflict is so great that the whole continent is affected and this creates a major barrier to inward investment. On the resolution, NEPAD is in a position to make considerable progress. It was learnt in Sierra Lone that with concentrated international eff ort, conflict can be successfully ended and institutions of a properly functioning state can begin to be rebuilt. The paper therefore examines the origin of the NEPAD, NEPAD and challenges of peace and security in Africa and involvement of AU/NEPAD in Darfur and Cote D’Ivoire crises. It further discusses the AU/NEPAD conflict mechanisms for conflict prevention, management and resolution and draw conclusion.
David Ramiro Troitino and Archil Chochia
The article deals with the problematic of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) as the crucial political question related with the European Integration. The authors describes and analysis the role of the CAP within the EU policies, its development form the very beginning of the integration its internal structure, rules of organisation, working system and financial aspects. The close concern is given to the question of the long-term sustainability of CAP and the reform for the next financial period (2014-2020). Th e special part is devoted to the influence of the CAP on the enlargement process with the special impetus to the association of Georgia to the EU.
The state can be an actor in Hungarian private law in several ways: on the one hand, by its organs (e.g. the Office of the National Assembly, ministries), on the other hand, by the organs of public law the state creates (e.g. budgetary organs), thirdly, through business associations operating with the participation of the state, fourthly, exceptionally, the state itself can also act as a subject of private law. In this study we call the attention to that the terminology used in case of business associations operating with state/local government participation is not sustainable and we focus on some issues where the private and public law discrepancy can be found in Hungary.
La Partecipazione Ambientale In Francia E In Italia. In Id. (Ed). Il Diritto Dell’energia Nucleare In Italia E In Francia. Profili Comparati Della Governance Dei Rifiuti Radioattivi Tra Ambiente, Democrazia E Partecipazione. Roma: Aracne Editrice, 2017. Coppo, Benedetta. Comparing Institutional Arbitration Rules: Differences And Similarities In A Developing International Practice. International Arbitration Law Review, 2010, Vol. 13, No. 3. Cordonier, Segger, Marie-Claire, Newcombe, Andrew. An Integrated Agenda For Sustainable
report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind (1972), Universe Books, New York, 1972. 9. United Nations, Human Development Report 2006, UNDP 2006. 10. Europe 2020, an European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth - communicatrion from the Commission (2010), European Commission, Brussels 3.3.2010 COM (2010) 2020. 11. Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 december 2013 - establishing the rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common
References 1. EROKHIN, V. et al. (2014): Contemporary Issues of Sustainable Rural Development: International Approaches and Experiences of Eastern Europe and Russia : monograph. - Stavropol: AGRUS of Stavropol State Agrarian University, 172 p. 2. EROKHIN, V. (2013): Review of Law Obligations of State Support of Agriculture in EU, CIS and Russia. Agrarian Law VII - Selected Aspects of Agrarian Law: International Scientific Conference of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic. - Nitra: Slovak University of Agriculture, pp. 17-23. 3
Saverio Francesco Massari
References 1. ADEBOWALE, M. (2004) “Environment and Human Rights: a New approach to Sustainable Development” in T. BIGG. 2. ALABRESE, M. - CRISTIANI, E. - STRAMBI, G. (2013) “L'impresa agroenergetica. Il quadro istituzionale, gli strumenti, gli incentivi” Giappichelli 2013. 3. ASKEW, M. F. - HOLMES, C.A. (2002) “The potential for bio-mass and energy crops in agriculture in Europe, in land use, policy and rural economy terms”. International Sugar Journal 2002 Vol. 104 No. 1247. 4. BALDOCK, D. - BEAUFOY, G. - BROUWER, F., GODE-SCHALK, F. (1996) “Farming