. Hansen B., Karlsson I., Cassidy S., Pettersson L.: Operational experiences from a sludge recovery plant, Water Sci. Technol. , 2000 , 41, 8, 23 - 30. Odegaard H., Paulsrud B, Karlsson I.: Wastewater sludge as a resource: Sludge disposal strategies and corresponding treatment technologies aimed at sustainable handling of wastewater sludge, Water Sci. Technol. , 2002 , 46, 10, 295 - 303. Levlin E., Löwén M., Stark K., Hultman B.: Effects of phosphorus recovery requirements on Swedish sludge management, Water Sci
Zbigniew Wzorek and Katarzyna Gorazda
Biorefineries - from biofuels to the chemicalization of agricultural products
The recent research into the viable economy in sustainable energy from renewable sources has prompted a review into the potentials of Polish-oriented raw material sources as a catalyst for technological advance, product diversification and consumer satisfaction. The elongation of the process chain in vegetable (rape seed, potato), alcohol additives and glycerin processing has been found to drastically improve energy balances for the short processing methods adopted presently and can make Poland self sustainable in the future.
Julia Hoffmann and Edward Radosiński
Environmental management concepts supported by information technology
The genesis and development of environmental management concepts are presented. An overview of the current environmental management ideas, programmes and systems, including Sustainable Development, Responsible Care, Cleaner Production, environmental management based on ISO 14000, and EMAS is provided. Selected computer-aided tools and techniques for improving the quality of environmental management are proposed.
Piotr Grzesiak, Marcin Grobela and Rafał Motała
The influence of the catalyst worktime on SO2 emission quantity from the sulfuric acid system and the catalyst waste material
The catalytic process of SO2 to SO3 oxidation is the main step of sulfuric (VI) acid formation. The sustained catalyst operating due to its structural and textural modifications could disturb the process course. This paper includes the influence of the vanadic catalyst worktime on SO2 emission and the expected amount of the obtained waste material of the inactivated catalyst.
Mohammadjavad Seghatoleslami, Hassan Feizi, Gholamreza Mousavi and Aliasghar Berahmand
Normally the productivity of cropping systems in arid and semi- arid regions is very low. The sustainable agricultural systems try to find out environmental friendly technologies based on physical and biological treatments to increase crop production. In this study two irrigation treatments (control and water stress) and six methods of fertilizer treatment (control, NPK-F, using magnetic band- M, using silver nano particles- N, M+N and M+N+50% F) on performance of ajowan were compared. Results showed that treatments with magnetic field or base fertilizer had more yield compared to the control and silver nanoparticles (N) treatments. Application of silver nanoparticles had no positive effect on yield. The highest seed and biomass WUE achieved in base fertilizer or magnetic field treatments. Under water stress treatment, seed WUE significantly increased. In conclusion magnetic field exposure, probably by encourage nutrient uptake efficiency could be applied to reduce fertilizer requirement. On the other hand the cultivation of plants under low MF could be an alternative way of WUE improving.
Marian Sułek, Tomasz Wasilewski and Emilia Klimaszewska
Uni-versity of Radom, Radom, Poland, (in Polish). Hauthal, H.G. & Wagner, G. (2004), Household Cleaning, Care and Maintenance Products , H.Ziolkowsky GmbH, Germany. Lange, K.R. (1994), Detergents and Cleaners , CH Verlag, Germany. Sulek, M.W., Wasilewski, T. & Pomagalska, M. (2004), Commodity science aspects of applications of alkyl polyglycosides in cosmetics and household products, Commodity Science in accordance with integration with European Union , Ed. Institute for Sustain-able
References Datka J., Sarbak Z., Eischens R. P.: J. Catal. , 1994 , 145 , 594. Sarbak Z.: React. Kinet. Catal. Lett. , 2000 , 69 , 177. Sarbak Z., Appl. Catal. A , 1999 , 177 , 85. Sarbak Z.: "Sustainable Strategies for the Upgrading of Natural Gas", (Eds: Derouane E. C., Parmon V., Lemos F., Ramoa Ribeiro F.), NATO ASI, Springer 2005 , p. 359. Luddum K. H., Eischens R. P.: Petroleum Division Preprint, p. 375. ACS Meeting
Maciej Mrówka, Tomasz Machoczek, Paweł Jureczko, Małgorzata Szymiczek, Magdalena Skonieczna and Łukasz Marcoll
LITERATURE CITED 1. Ward, I.M. (1975) Mechanical properties of polymers as engineering plastics. Warsaw: PWN. (in Polish). 2. Callewaert, Ch., Buysscheart, B., Vossen, E. Fievez, V., Van de Wiele, T. & Boon, N.; Artificial sweat composition to grow and sustain a mixed human axillary microbiome; J. Microbiol. Methods 103 (2014) 6–8. 3. Plastics – Determination of Water Absorption (ISO 62:1999). 4. Błażewicz, S. & Marciniak, J. (2016) Biomateriały Tom 4. Akademicka Of. Wydaw. Exit. 5. Martin, R. (2008) Ageing of composites. CRC Press
Phillips O. Agboola and Jehad Saleh
(2), 137–146. DOI: 10.1016/S0011-9164(00)00081-3. 4. The World Bank. (2016). World Development Indicators. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved May 02, 2015, from http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators 5. US Energy Information Administration. (n.d.). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from www.eia.gov 6. KACARE. (2012). Renewable Energy-Waste to Energy, A pillar of the sustainable energy Kingdom. First International Environment Conference, 20–21 November, 2012. King Fahd Civic Centre, Yanbu Al Sinaiyah, Saudi Arabia. 7
Zygmunt Kowalski, Agnieszka Makara, Marta Marszałek, Józeff Hoffmann and Krystyna Hoffmann
from realization of grant No 14-0003-10/2010. Obtaining of NPK type fertilizers from the pig manure using cleaner production methods. Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, (not published), (in Polish). 4. Hjorth, M., Christensen, K.V., Christensen, M.L. & Sommer, S.G. (2010). Solid-liquid separation of animal slurry in theory and practice. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 (1), 153-180. DOI: 10.1051/agro/2009010. 5. González-Fernández, C., Nieto-Diez, P.P., León- -Cofreces, C. & García-Encina, P.A. (2008). Solids and nutrients