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Tatiana Tökölyová

could be represented by the Leaders Vision in the Auckland Declaration, April 2004, saying “Leaders believe the Pacific region can, should and will be a region of peace, harmony, security and economic prosperity, so that all of its people can lead free and worthwhile lives. We treasure the diversity of the Pacific and seek a future in which its cultures, traditions and religious beliefs are valued, honoured and developed. We seek a Pacific region that is respected for the quality of its governance, the sustainable management of its resources, the full observance of

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Vilém Řehák

. Currently, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is on an 11 - day tour of the continent to raise interest in security , sustainable partnerships and investment . “ Indeed , we believe that if you want to make a good investment in the midst of what is still a very difficult global economy , go to Africa ,” she told a Senegalese audience last Wednesday. (…) Clinton ’ s comments in Senegal that America would stand up for democracy in its pursuit of economic interests were interpreted as a swipe at China. (1) This article starts with a brief information on the new US

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Vratislav Doubek

community. Advocates of a positive national integrity always allowed the claim for national self-determination on the basis of the widest sustainable ethnic union. A bond that proved or was to prove a sufficient degree of cultural coexistence was declared to be definitely terminated, and further self-identification efforts were now mercilessly stigmatized for being seditious and subversive. As a consequence, the situation was more complicated in Slovakia. If the Czech representatives did not understand the self-governing ambitions of a linguistically unified Moravia

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Ľubomír Zvada

the societal sector is identity” (Buzan et al 1998, 121-122). Why is not the core element in the societal sector referring to a nation as in the political sector? For Buzan et al, the societal security is about large, self-sustaining identity groups (in Europe, mainly national groups), but in other regions, religious or racial groups have more relevance. Therefore, the term identity security is also possibly used. After that, the referent objects in the societal sector “are whatever larger groups carrying the loyalties and devotion of subjects in a form and to a

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Simone Benazzo

Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People’s Republic, was not mentioned at all by Orbán in his speech (2016b) and, more broadly, in any other official commemorations. Before moving to the external dimension of Fidesz’ s politics of memory, a final important element needs to be discussed. Fidesz has often complained about the lack of a satisfying pluralism among Hungarian historians, sustaining that key themes and events, such as the Treaty of Trianon, the interwar period and the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, have been depicted only from one perspective so far. This

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Gert Pickel and Cemal Öztürk

symbolic threat perceptions. The perception of collective, cultural differences between in-groups and out-groups is much more emotional and less debatable than questions that relate to economic or security issues. On balance, we argue that the joint effect of varying societal-level characteristics of European societies (e.g., a diverging share of Muslim population) and social–psychological factors (e.g., less contact with migrants which helps to sustain symbolic fears) gives rise to the phenomenon of ‘ Islamophobia without Muslim’ . In the long run, the xenophobic