. 3. Bointner, R. (2014). Innovation in the energy sector: Lessons learnt from R&D expenditures and patents in selected IEA countries, Energy Policy, 73, 733-747. 4. Boons, F., Montalvo, C., Quist, J., Wagner, M. (2013). Sustainable innovation, business models and economic performance: an overview, Journal of Cleaner Production, 45, 1-8. 5. European Commission (2016): European Innovation Scoreboard 2016, available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/DocsRoom/documents/17823 , accessed on: 19.10.2016 [Dataset]. 6. Eurostat (2016a) Sustainable
Corina Pelau and Alexandra-Catalina Chinie
Nicolae Ipate, Katalin Gabriela David, Iudith Ipate and Alexandru Bogdan
The future of sustainable development is the bioeconomy with the ―global‖ solution; both global and local action for developed the renewable energy generation. When local solutions are implemented is being laid for global solutions are positive affect the national economy. The implementation of the bioeconomy strategy used by society to prevent urgent problems, such as increasing competition for natural resources, climate change, rural sustainable development. The bioeconomy is a new economic and social order and promotes systemic change from using non-renewable resources to renewables. Bioeconomy reveals that production, which involves the transformation of a limited stock of matter and energy, but respecting the same laws that govern entropy closed systems, the entropy or unavailable matter and energy in the forms tend to increase continuously. Economic growth not only increases the apparent output per unit of inputs, which is performed using finite stock of matter and energy in the world. The current economy is based on fossil fuels and other material inputs suffering entropic degradation, both in the raw material extraction and pollution. The production, even if technical progress leads to lower overall yields. The idea of a steady state as the final economic growth that perpetuated indefinitely pendulum model is an impossibility
Diana-Maria Tinjala, Lavinia Mirela Pantea and Buglea Alexandru
ethics, The Journal of Business Ethics, 41, 27-43 12. Stevens, B. (2009). Corporate ethical codes as strategic documents: An analysis of success and failure, Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 14(2), 14-20 13. Valentine, S. & Barnett, T. (2003). Ethics code awareness, perceived ethical values, and organizational commitment, Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 24(3), 359-367 14. World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2015). Official website, Retrieved May 9, 2015 from
Nicolae Balteș, Florin Dumiter, Delia David and Ștefania Jimon
Business Administration, GEBA, Procedia Economics and Finance, no. 20, pp. 140 – 146. 4. Directorate General For Internal Policies Policy Department A: Economic And Scientific Policy, (2014), Pension Schemes, European Parliament. 5. Eatock, D., (2015), European Union pension systems Adequate and sustainable?, European Parliamentary Research Service. 6. European Actuarial Consultative Group, (2012), Sustainability of pension systems in Europe – the demographic challenge. 7. Fenge, R., Scheubel, B., (2017), Pensions and fertility: back to the roots
Even if the issue of youths’ inclusion in the labour market was always an important item on political agendas, during the last two decades this issue had particular relevance. In the last years, unemployment for this age group had unprecedented amplitude, reaching 20.6% in Romania in 2016. Modern societies provide for youths opportunities, still they are faced with major challenges related to the education and training and access to the labour force market.
During the last decades, the world economy shifted in a continuous process from development based on traditional factors to the knowledge-based economy. The development of the knowledge-based economy leads to changes in labour force demand also: new skills and competences are required. As new technologies are implemented, the demand for high-skilled workers increases, especially for high-skilled ones in the field of Information and Communication (IC), and the demand for low-skilled workers decreases.
The paper presents a brief characterisation of the labour force market at the level of Romania‘s regions of development and an analysis of the particularities of the youths’ labour market in the context of sustainable development and of the new economy as well as some advantages of using young labour force for sustainable development.
References 1. Ahvenniemi, H., Huovila, A., Pinto-Seppä, I., Airaksinen, M., (2017), What are the differences between sustainable and smart cities? Cities 60 (A), pp. 234-245. 2. Bonomi, F., (2011), Connected vehicles, the internet of things, and fog computing. In: Proceedings of the Eighth ACM International Workshop on Vehicular Inter-Networking (VANET), pp. 13-15. 3. Caragliu, A., Del Bo, C. and Nijkamp, P., (2011), Smart Cities in Europe, Journal of Urban Technology, 18, pp. 65-82. 4. Caragliu
Ioan Gh. Pop, Ioan S. Fotea and Silvia L. Fotea
5. References 1. Aerts D. (2000), Participating in the World: Research and Education in a Changing Society , in:Science, Technology and Social Change, The Orange Book of Einstein meets Magritte (eds. D.Aerts, S. Gutwirth, S. Smets and L. Van Langenhove), pp. 1-34, Dordrecht, Kluwer AcademicPublishers. 2. Aerts, D., (2001), Transdisciplinary and integrative sciences in sustainable development , in the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Baldwin House, Aldates, Oxford; 3. Adamsson, N., (2007), Interdisciplinary integration in complex product
Akingbade Urungbodi Aimola and Nicholas M. Odhiambo
. 1995. 11. Brownbridge, M. & Gockel, A.F. (1996). “The Impact of Financial Sector Policies on Banking in Ghana.” Retrieved from https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/3342/Wp38.pdf?sequence=1 on January 02, 2018. 12. Burnside, C. (2005). “Some Tools for Fiscal Sustainability Analysis.” Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice, A Handbook, ed. by Craig Burnside, The World Bank, Washington, D.C. 13. Country Policy and Institutions Assessment, World Bank Data Bank. (2018). Retrieved from http
Istvan Labas, Eva Darabos and Tunde Orsolya Nagy
Involvement of European Union plays an important role in the areas of education and training equally. The member states are responsible for organizing and operating their education and training systems themselves. And, EU policy is aimed at supporting the efforts of member states and trying to find solutions for the common challenges which appear. In order to make our future sustainable maximally; the key to it lies in education. The highly qualified workforce is the key to development, advancement and innovation of the world. Nowadays, the competitiveness of higher education institutions has become more and more appreciated in the national economy. In recent years, the frameworks of operation of higher education systems have gone through a total transformation. The number of applying students is continuously decreasing in some European countries therefore only those institutions can “survive” this shortfall, which are able to minimize the loss of the number of students. In this process, the factors forming the competitiveness of these budgetary institutions play an important role from the point of view of survival. The more competitive a higher education institution is, the greater the chance is that the students would like to continue their studies there and thus this institution will have a greater chance for the survival in the future, compared to ones lagging behind in the competition. Aim of our treatise prepared is to present the current situation and main data of the EU higher education and we examine the performance of higher education: to what extent it fulfils the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth which is worded in the framework of Europe 2020 programme. The treatise is based on analysis of statistical data.
Richna Handriyani, M.M. Sahyar and M. Arwansyah
), Manajemen Keuangan International: Pengantar Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: UPP AMP YPKN. 6. Nwakoby, C., Bernard, A.U., (2016), Effect of Private Sector Investment on Economic Growthin Nigeria. NG-Journal of Social Development, Vol.5, No.4. 7. Partadireja, A., (1990), Pengantar Ekonomika. Yogyakarta: BPFE. 8. Shahid, M., (2014), Impact of Labor Force on Economic Growth in Pakistan, Journals of Economic and Sustainable Development, Vol. 11, No. 4. 9. Sukirno, S., (2008), Makroekonomi: Teori Pengantar. Jakarta: Grafindo