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Jan Gąska, Maciej Pyrka, Robert Jeszke, Wojciech Rabiega and Monika Sekuła

characterised by fully free allocation of allowances to industry sectors. This process was administered by the individual Member States. Concerns, however, still prevail particularly among the Central and Eastern European countries, which remain more energy and carbon emission intensive and heavily trade exposed. This is especially important due to the lack of far-reaching structural reforms in this area and considering the growing level of ambition and changes in the EU ETS. Such concerns and growing carbon costs that impact carbon leakage and competitiveness might act as

Open access

Roman Wan-Wendner

prediction models for time-dependent processes are paramount for the construction of new and the maintenance of existing structures within the frameworks of life cycle cost analyses and sustainability. In order to accurately identify, assess and predict a structural system’s performance and full safety potential, all influences that a real structure is likely to face have to be captured accurately. For concrete, these are (mildly reinforced as well as prestressed, depending on the type of structure), among others, aging, cracking, shrinkage, creep, steel relaxation

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Lea Ranacher, Kathrin Höfferer, Miriam Lettner, Franziska Hesser, Tobias Stern, Romana Rauter and Peter Schwarzbauer

-story timber construction Generally speaking, WMC accounts for the most positive perception among the participants. All the participants associate timber constructions with high-quality wood features. Reasons to favor timber over concrete or steel constructions were the positive aspects attached to wood such as health effects as well as societal benefits regarding climate change mitigation. For WMC, 11 different topics were discussed, which in total received 148 hits making it the most discussed innovation. The participants mainly discussed about safety, costs, and

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Taru Sandén, Georg J. Lair, Jeroen P. van Leeuwen, Guðrún Gísladóttir, Jaap Bloem, Kristín Vala Ragnarsdóttir, Markus Steffens and Winfried E.H. Blum

obtain macroaggregates (250-5000 µm) and two microaggregate fractions (20-250 µm and < 20 µm). All aggregate fractions were washed in a steel pressure filter apparatus (mesh size 0.45 µm) with deionized water until the electronic conductivity dropped below 5 µS cm -1 , then oven dried at 105°C, weighed, and ground for further analyses (C and N t analyses as described above in section 2.3). The masses of aggregates were corrected for their respective silt and sand content (for aggregates 20-250 µm, and >250 µm), in order to exclude single silt and sand particles from

Open access

Akvilė Petraitienė

.03.026. 20. Möller, W., Parascandola, S., Telbizova, T., Günzel, R., & Richter, E. (2001). Surface processes and diffusion mechanisms of ion nitriding of stainless steel and aluminum. Surface and Coatings Technology . 136(1-3), 73-79. DOI: 10.1016/S0257-8972(00)01015-X. 21. Okur, S. (2009). Structural compositional and mechanical characterization of plasma nitrited CoCrMo alloy. Master of Science Thesis in Physics, İzmir Institute of Technology. 22. Öztürk, O., Fidan, M., & Mändl, S. (2013). MFM imaging of expanded austenite formed on 304 SS and CoCrMo

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Kamila Myszka and Katarzyna Czaczyk

processes. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 1991, 37, 17-25. Baker J. H., Factors affecting the bacterial colonization of various surfaces in a river. Can. J. Microbiol., 1984, 30, 511-515. Barnes L.-M., Lo M. F., Adams M. R., Chamberlain A. H. L., Effect of milk proteins on adhesion of bacteria to stainless steel surfaces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1999, 65, 4543-4548. Benito Y., Pin C., Marin M.L, Garcia M. L., Selgas M. D., Casas C., Cell surface hydrophobicity and attachment of pathogenic and spoilage

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Kobra Maleki and Andres Kiviste

storm events. – Folia Geobotanica, 37, 17–32. Franklin, J.F., Spies, T.A., Van Pelt, R., Carey, A.B., Thornburgh, D.A., Berg, D.R., Lindenmayer, D.B., Harmon, M.E., Keeton, W.S., Shaw, D.C., Bible, K., Chen, J. 2002. Disturbances and structural development of natural forest ecosystems with silvicultural implications, using Douglasfir forests as an example. – Forest Ecology and Management, 155, 399–423. Frazer, G.W., Magnussen, S., Wulder, M.A., Niemann, K.O. 2011. Simulated impact of sample plot size and co-registration error on the accuracy and

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Michał Ryms, Katarzyna Januszewicz, Witold M. Lewandowski and Ewa Klugmann-Radziemska


The article is devoted to the description of material recycling of whole waste tires, including a new method of pyrolysis process, resulting in the final products: technically oil fractions (rubber plasticizer of rubber compounds) or diesel fuels (light, medium and heavy), activated carbon, gas fuel and steel scrap. Operational and performance tests of the first version of the pilot plant, consisting of three contributions cooperating with one pyrolytic reactor confirmed that this technology is applicable but has still some flaws and errors, both structural and technological. Usually such errors in the first test of technology development cannot be avoided. This paper describes: pyrolysis processes which occurs in the pilot plant, protected by a patent application design of continuously working prototype installation for recycling of tire and identifies future directions of research in this field

Open access

Małgorzata Olek, Witold Żukowski and Jerzy Baron

;78:13-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jes.2018.09.003. [16] Altobelli R, de Oliveira MCL. Corrosion in biomass combustion: A materials selection analysis and its interaction with corrosion mechanisms and mitigation strategies. Corros Sci. 2013;76:6-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2013.07.013. [17] Gruber T, Retschitzegger S, Scharler R, Obernberger I. Dominating high temperature corrosion mechanisms in low alloy steels in wood chips fired boilers. Energy Fuels. 2016;30(3):2385-2394. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02290. [18] Theis M, Skrifvars BJ, Zevenhoven M, Hupa M. Fouling

Open access

C. Hu, X. G. Xia, X. M. Han, Y. F. Chen, Y. Qiao, D. H. Liu and S. L. Li

Fertilizer And Organic Manure Application On Fungal Communities In A Long-Term Fi Eld Experiment Of Chinese Mollisols. Appl. Soil Ecol., 111: 114 - 122. Doi: 10.1016/J.Apsoil.2016.12.003 Ferris, H., Matute, M.M. (2003): Structural And Functional Succession In The Nematode Fauna Of A Soil Food Web. Appl. Soil Ecol., 23(2): 93 - 110. Doi: 10.1016/S0929-1393(03)00044-1 Ferris, H., Pocasangre, L.E., Serrano, E., Muñoz, J., Garcia, S., Perichi, G., Martinez, G. (2012): Diversity And Complexity Complement Apparent Competition: Nematode Assemblages