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Open access

Nicoletta Di Blas


This paper presents a powerful tool to enhance research in education: ‘exploratory portals’, supporting effective storage, sharing and exploration of large sets of research data. The workflow is the following: data are gathered by a research group; they are then classified according to a taxonomy (the one that best fits the group’s research interest); once uploaded in the portal, they can be ‘explored’ via a combination of faceted search (enriched by Boolean operators) and data mining techniques. The system can thus answer in a few seconds to sophisticated user’s queries that otherwise would require hours; it can save a session’s results and materials for sharing with other scholars or for further investigation. The paper presents a case study of exploratory portal, dealing with data on (technology-based) education. The portal has effectively been used by five different research groups, to run complex investigations of data about technology integration into schools.

Open access

Floriana Falcinelli and Cristina Gaggioli


The introduction of new technologies, video in particular, in educational and pedagogical research has not only changed how research is conducted in the educational field but has also brought about significant changes in teacher training. The advent of digitalisation, along with the miniaturisation of both video cameras and storage media, has led to a dramatic increase in the use of video, particularly in terms of video production. This has led to the introduction of new teaching practices and new training initiatives derived from the analysis of these practices. The use of video, at an educational and didactic level on the one hand, and as an instrument for field observation on the other, offers a variety of benefits, along with some critical issues. One of the advantages is the capacity to allow for an analytical vision of complex actions, which may be reviewed at different times, by a variety of interlocutors. The aim of this study is to present a reflection based on research conducted in nine digital classes, focussing on the use of video as both an instrument for recording, collecting and analysing data, as well as a training tool in the didactic practice of teachers.

Open access

Board to Page to Board

Native American Antecedents of Two Proprietary Board Games

Philip M. Winkelman

Government Printing Office, Washington DC) Depaulis, T. (2001). An Arab Game in the North Pole? Board Games Studies , 4 , 77–82. Retrieved from Freeman-Witthoft, B. (2007). Robert Stewart Culin and New World Games. In I. L. Finkel (Ed.), Ancient Board Games in Perspective (pp. 270–274). London: The British Museum Press. Magie, L. J. (1904). Game Board. US Patent 748,626 . Retrieved from Murray, H

Open access

Hagi Šein


2012 was the year of film in Estonia, when the 100th anniversary of Estonian film was celebrated. One of the most significant undertakings planned for this occasion was the creation of the Estonian film database (electronic national filmography). Performing this large-scale task was undertaken by the NPO Estonian Film Database, launched in 2007. The main objective of the undertaking was to form a complete Estonian national filmography within ten years (2007-2018) and make it available in a web environment to everyone interested, both in Estonia and abroad. The access to the database was opened in late fall, 2012 (

Together with newsreels, the number of produced items reaches over 12 000. Feature films, documentaries and popular films, anima, television, educational programmes, advertising films and newsreels form a rich collection of the life, history, culture and people of Estonia. Nearly 3 000 filmmakers and most Estonian actors and actresses have participated in creating the Estonian film heritage. Several thousand people, events, places, buildings, offices and institutions in Estonia participate in or are mentioned in the films. In addition, the films are adressing several thousand people shown or talking in films. The electronic database opens the film treasury in a summarised way, employing a variety of possibilities offered by modern electronic databases.

A metadata system and coding instructions were prepared for each film, person and institution in the extensive space of attributes with search options, which combines the interactive features of a film directory and bibliographical, biographical databases. Each film is described as thoroughly as possible. The attributes of films contain data about the subject, genre, authors, cast, production team, locations, producers, copyrights and distributors of films and about the technical parameters of films, as well as the bibliography of films, references to the reviews, articles, books published about films and the makers of films, digitised frames and pictures from films, trailers and promotional clips, scripts, memories of the makers and other interesting details. The subject content of films is indexed in 12 categories and related sub-groups and enables the search of films by plot/subject content, physical items, themes of newsreels and feature films, people, time, events, locations, building sites and institutions. In addition, films are indexed by a film-adapted UDC. As a result, more than 50 000 keywords enable thorough multi-layered content and subject search. All filmmakers are given their personal websites, which provides an overview of their creative careers and filmographies.

The electronic film database is interfaced with other similar databases at the Estonian Public Broadcasting, film archive of the National Archives, National Library and the Baltic Film and Media School of the Tallinn University. The web interface offers the possibility to enter with an ID-card and allows advance into several digital storages, where it is possible to view the films produced and purchase them for streaming. The filmography is interfaced with social networks (Facebook, Twitter) and is aiming the possibility to interlink it with the European Film Gateway in the future, thus offering access to a digitised film treasury through Europeana. The database is aimed at film professionals, teachers, students, researchers and the general public as the target audience.

Among others, the key issues of cultural databases draw on the approaches and solutions for information retrieval and are relying in particular on the principles of conceptual (intellectual) subject indexing of audiovisual artefacts. Inspired by classical works of Panofsky, Shatford, Turner and others regarding image description, analysis and interpretation the article covers some main issues regarding options for a multifunctional film indexing metadata. The text tackles different aspects of the description of moving images for public needs in general and also describes the specific details of the system, developed for deep keywording of Estonian films. The rationale, limits and disputable issues as well as our experience and basic suggestions for professional indexers who are undertaking these kind of tasks are also revealed.

Open access

Randall K. Van Schepen

. “Warburg’s Paragon?: The End of Collage and Photomontage in Postwar Europe,” in Ingrid Schaffner, Nikolaus G. Schneider, Claudia Seelmann, Matthias Winzen, Christopher Wynne, (eds.), Deep Storage: Collecting, Storing, and Archiving in Art (trans. Pauline Cumbers, New York: Prestel-Verlag. Germer, S. 1992. “Retrospective Ahead” in Seam Rainbird and Judith Severne (eds.): Gerhard Richter , London, The Tate Gallery. Gibbons, J. 2007. Contemporary Art and Memory , London: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd. Heyme, H. “Trauerarbeit der - Kunst muss sich klarer geben

Open access

Suryyia Manzoor and Taniya Iqbal

Centuries, London: Routledge Curzen, Taylor & Francis Publisher Group. TANDON, Puja et al. (2005), Inactivation of Escherichia coli and coliform bacteria in traditional brass and earthernware water storage vessels, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek-Springer. TOLBA, M. K (2001), Our Fragile World: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development, UK: EOLSS Publisher Co. Ltd. TVEDT, Terjie and JAKOBSSON, Eva (2006), A history of water: Water Control and River Biographies, London-NewYork, I.B.Tauris. VIGNESWARAN