Jan Gąska, Maciej Pyrka, Robert Jeszke, Wojciech Rabiega and Monika Sekuła
intensive and trade exposed industries such as refined oil products and coke, chemical production, non-metallic minerals (e.g., cement, lime, gypsum and glass), paper–pulp, iron and steel, aluminium production, reportedly to be expected as the key candidates for carbon leakage. One of the key driving factors behind carbon leakage is the ability of the firms to pass-through the additional climate policy related costs further towards final consumer. In turn, the cost pass-through is a result of several factors, including the underlying market structure, magnitude of the
Franziska Mairhofer, Norbert Barta, Pia Euteneuer, Julia Schuster, Alexander Bauer and Andreas Gronauer
chernozem (20.2% sand, 59.6% silt, 20.3% clay) with a pH of 7.6 and 2.2–2.3% organic substance. Immediately before tillage, the average gravimetric water content at a depth of 0–0.30 m was 15.6% (measured by weighting of soil samples before and after drying in an oven at 105°C).
The winter barley, Hordeum vulgare var. distichon (L.) “ Caribic”, was harvested using an Axial-Flow 2366 combine harvester (Case IH, Racine, Wisconsin, USA; working width 4.8 m with straw chopper) with a grain yield of 7.9 t/ha. After all measurements had been carried out on the untreated
wastewater treatment. Separation and Purification Technology 38: 11-41.
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IRDEMEZ S., DEMIRCIOGLU N., YIDIZ Y., BINGUL Z. 2006b. The effects of current density and phosphate concentration on phosphate removal from
guide walls, J. Eng. Sci. (JES) Assiut University, 40(6):1599-1609.
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Negm A.M., Abdel-Aal G.M., Habib A.A., Owais T
prediction models for time-dependent processes are paramount for the construction of new and the maintenance of existing structures within the frameworks of life cycle cost analyses and sustainability. In order to accurately identify, assess and predict a structural system’s performance and full safety potential, all influences that a real structure is likely to face have to be captured accurately. For concrete, these are (mildly reinforced as well as prestressed, depending on the type of structure), among others, aging, cracking, shrinkage, creep, steel relaxation
Raimondo Gallo, Giovanni Carabin, Renato Vidoni, Pasqualina Sacco and Fabrizio Mazzetto
, hook, inhaul, and unhook) as well. Meanwhile, the load cell and the inclinometer were placed between the hook and the chokers and on the choker, respectively. These sensors were used to measure the pulling force applied by the carriage and the consequent inclination of the steel wire in case of dragging during the inhaul phase. The aim of this application is to have an automatic and fast estimation about the hauled weights without the need of any manual measurement for the operator during the hooking phases. For this computation, two assumptions were necessary. The
Karl Schedle, Elke Humer, Rudolf Leitgeb, Gertrude Freudenberger, Katharina Monika Ebner and Christiane Schwarz
digestion, as described by Jagger et al. (1992) . An adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter (IKA-C400, Staufen, Germany) was used to determine the gross energy (GE). Broiler chickens’ BW and feed consumption were evaluated per pen on days 1, 14, 28, and 36. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were calculated for the starter, grower, finisher, and the whole fattening period.
On days 32 and 33 of fattening, clean excreta (free from feathers and feed) were collected twice daily from steel liners placed in the collection
Materials Processing Technology, 155–165, 1324–1329. doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.192.
Buczek A, Telejko T (2013): Investigation of heat transfer coefficient during quenching in various cooling agents. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 44, 258–264. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2013.07.004.
Cao P, Liu G, Wu K (2012): Numerical simulation and analysis of heat treatment of large-scale hydraulic steel gate track. International Journal of Material and Mechanical Engineering, 1, 16–20. doi: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2013.04.006.
, Research Results, Future Developments . A diploma thesis, The Faculty of Natural Sciences at the Karl-Franzens-University Graz, not published.
Larsbo M., Jarvis N. 2006. Information content of measurements from tracer microlysimeter experiments designed for parameter identification in dual-permeability models. Journal of Hydrology , 325, 1–4: 273–287.
Maciejewski S., Maloszewski P., Stumpp C., Klotz D. 2006. Modelling of water flow through typical Bavarian soils (Germany) based on lysimeter experiments: 1. Estimation of hydraulic characteristics of the
;78:13-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jes.2018.09.003.
 Altobelli R, de Oliveira MCL. Corrosion in biomass combustion: A materials selection analysis and its interaction with corrosion mechanisms and mitigation strategies. Corros Sci. 2013;76:6-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2013.07.013.
 Gruber T, Retschitzegger S, Scharler R, Obernberger I. Dominating high temperature corrosion mechanisms in low alloy steels in wood chips fired boilers. Energy Fuels. 2016;30(3):2385-2394. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02290.
 Theis M, Skrifvars BJ, Zevenhoven M, Hupa M. Fouling