Jan Gąska, Maciej Pyrka, Robert Jeszke, Wojciech Rabiega and Monika Sekuła
intensive and trade exposed industries such as refined oil products and coke, chemical production, non-metallic minerals (e.g., cement, lime, gypsum and glass), paper–pulp, iron and steel, aluminium production, reportedly to be expected as the key candidates for carbon leakage. One of the key driving factors behind carbon leakage is the ability of the firms to pass-through the additional climate policy related costs further towards final consumer. In turn, the cost pass-through is a result of several factors, including the underlying market structure, magnitude of the
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prediction models for time-dependent processes are paramount for the construction of new and the maintenance of existing structures within the frameworks of life cycle cost analyses and sustainability. In order to accurately identify, assess and predict a structural system’s performance and full safety potential, all influences that a real structure is likely to face have to be captured accurately. For concrete, these are (mildly reinforced as well as prestressed, depending on the type of structure), among others, aging, cracking, shrinkage, creep, steel relaxation
Raimondo Gallo, Giovanni Carabin, Renato Vidoni, Pasqualina Sacco and Fabrizio Mazzetto
, hook, inhaul, and unhook) as well. Meanwhile, the load cell and the inclinometer were placed between the hook and the chokers and on the choker, respectively. These sensors were used to measure the pulling force applied by the carriage and the consequent inclination of the steel wire in case of dragging during the inhaul phase. The aim of this application is to have an automatic and fast estimation about the hauled weights without the need of any manual measurement for the operator during the hooking phases. For this computation, two assumptions were necessary. The
Karl Schedle, Elke Humer, Rudolf Leitgeb, Gertrude Freudenberger, Katharina Monika Ebner and Christiane Schwarz
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On days 32 and 33 of fattening, clean excreta (free from feathers and feed) were collected twice daily from steel liners placed in the collection
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