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Carbon Leakage in the context of increasing the EU greenhouse gas emission reduction targets – the ways the EU and global emission behave and what influences its scale

intensive and trade exposed industries such as refined oil products and coke, chemical production, non-metallic minerals (e.g., cement, lime, gypsum and glass), paper–pulp, iron and steel, aluminium production, reportedly to be expected as the key candidates for carbon leakage. One of the key driving factors behind carbon leakage is the ability of the firms to pass-through the additional climate policy related costs further towards final consumer. In turn, the cost pass-through is a result of several factors, including the underlying market structure, magnitude of the

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Wastewater parameters after the process of phosphorus compounds removal by the metal dissolution method in comparison with precipitation and electrocoagulation methods

wastewater treatment. Separation and Purification Technology 38: 11-41. GRØTERUD O., SMOCZYŃSKI L. 1992. Purification of wastewater by electrolysis at continuous flow. Vatten 48: 36-40. IRDEMEZ S., DEMIRCIOGLU N., YILDIZ Y. 2006a. The effects of pH on phosphate removal from wastewater by electrocoagulation with iron plate electrodes. Journal of Hazardous Materials 137: 1231-1235. IRDEMEZ S., DEMIRCIOGLU N., YIDIZ Y., BINGUL Z. 2006b. The effects of current density and phosphate concentration on phosphate removal from

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Impact of curved shaped energy dissipaters downstream of head structures on both water energy dissipation and irrigation water quality

guide walls, J. Eng. Sci. (JES) Assiut University, 40(6):1599-1609. Habib A.A., Nassar M.A., 2013, Characteristics of flow and scour under the effect of curved steel roughness elements, Egypt. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol. (EIJEST) 16(3). Kucukali S., Cokgor S., 2009, Energy concept for predicting hydraulic jump aeration efficiency, J. Environ. Eng. 135(2): 105-107. Nakasone H., 1987, Study of aeration at weirs and cascades, J. Environ. Eng. 113(1): 64-81. Negm A.M., Abdel-Aal G.M., Habib A.A., Owais T

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Aging concrete structures: a review of mechanics and concepts

prediction models for time-dependent processes are paramount for the construction of new and the maintenance of existing structures within the frameworks of life cycle cost analyses and sustainability. In order to accurately identify, assess and predict a structural system’s performance and full safety potential, all influences that a real structure is likely to face have to be captured accurately. For concrete, these are (mildly reinforced as well as prestressed, depending on the type of structure), among others, aging, cracking, shrinkage, creep, steel relaxation

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Solutions for the automation of operational monitoring activities for agricultural and forestry tasks

, hook, inhaul, and unhook) as well. Meanwhile, the load cell and the inclinometer were placed between the hook and the chokers and on the choker, respectively. These sensors were used to measure the pulling force applied by the carriage and the consequent inclination of the steel wire in case of dragging during the inhaul phase. The aim of this application is to have an automatic and fast estimation about the hauled weights without the need of any manual measurement for the operator during the hooking phases. For this computation, two assumptions were necessary. The

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Inclusion of NSP-hydrolysing enzymes in diets for broiler chicks containing increasing contents of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) / Einsatz von NSP-spaltenden Enzymen in Futterrationen für Broiler mit unterschiedlichen Trockenschlempegehalten (DDGS)

digestion, as described by Jagger et al. (1992) . An adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter (IKA-C400, Staufen, Germany) was used to determine the gross energy (GE). Broiler chickens’ BW and feed consumption were evaluated per pen on days 1, 14, 28, and 36. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were calculated for the starter, grower, finisher, and the whole fattening period. On days 32 and 33 of fattening, clean excreta (free from feathers and feed) were collected twice daily from steel liners placed in the collection

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Prediction Of Mechanical Properties Of Quench Hardening Steel

Materials Processing Technology, 155–165, 1324–1329. doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.192. Buczek A, Telejko T (2013): Investigation of heat transfer coefficient during quenching in various cooling agents. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 44, 258–264. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2013.07.004. Cao P, Liu G, Wu K (2012): Numerical simulation and analysis of heat treatment of large-scale hydraulic steel gate track. International Journal of Material and Mechanical Engineering, 1, 16–20. doi: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2013.04.006. Chotěborský R

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An overview of the experimental research use of lysimeters

, Research Results, Future Developments . A diploma thesis, The Faculty of Natural Sciences at the Karl-Franzens-University Graz, not published. Larsbo M., Jarvis N. 2006. Information content of measurements from tracer microlysimeter experiments designed for parameter identification in dual-permeability models. Journal of Hydrology , 325, 1–4: 273–287. Maciejewski S., Maloszewski P., Stumpp C., Klotz D. 2006. Modelling of water flow through typical Bavarian soils (Germany) based on lysimeter experiments: 1. Estimation of hydraulic characteristics of the

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Sorption of Hydrogen Chloridein The Fluidized Bed Reactor

;78:13-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jes.2018.09.003. [16] Altobelli R, de Oliveira MCL. Corrosion in biomass combustion: A materials selection analysis and its interaction with corrosion mechanisms and mitigation strategies. Corros Sci. 2013;76:6-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2013.07.013. [17] Gruber T, Retschitzegger S, Scharler R, Obernberger I. Dominating high temperature corrosion mechanisms in low alloy steels in wood chips fired boilers. Energy Fuels. 2016;30(3):2385-2394. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02290. [18] Theis M, Skrifvars BJ, Zevenhoven M, Hupa M. Fouling

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Numerical Study on Thermal Environment in Mine Gob Under Coal Oxidation Condition

circulating fluidized bed. Int J Greehouse Gas Control. 2011;5(4):770-776. [21] Tan YW, Croiset E, Douglas MA, Thambimuthua KV. Combustion characteristics of coal in a mixture of oxygen and recycled flue gas. Fuel. 2006;85:507-512. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2005.08.010. [22] Long S, Cao F, Wang S, Sun L, Pang J, Sun Y. Combustion characteristics of polyethylene and coal powder at high temperature. Int J Iron Steel Res. 2008;15(1):6-9. [23] Yuan LM, Smith AC. Numerical study on effects of coal properties on spontaneous heating in

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