The traditional geographical focus on territorial scales has been complemented in recent decades by a focus on networks and flows between cities and regions. A concern for networks is seen as a necessary supplement to a territorial perspective in order to facilitate the understanding of the processes that produce space ( Friedmann 1995 ; Taylor 2004 : 25 ff.; Hall/Pain 2006 : 10 ff.).
The importance of the focus on networks arises from different processes. To a large extent the focus on networks can be explained by an increasing concern
disturbances ( Scheffer 2009 ). From the evolutionary perspective resilience is perceived as the ability of complex socio-ecological systems to change, adapt and transform in response to stresses and strains ( Davoudi 2013 : 302). The evolutionary resilience concept is well in tune with the post-modern paradigm. Change and mobility, attributes of this approach, are immanent features of today's world. The networks of relations and interdependencies, the spaces of flow and the growing levels of complexity require interpretative models open and flexible enough to encompass the
From Lignite Mining to Tourism in the Lusatian Lakeland
Gerd Lintz, Peter Wirth and Jörn Harfst
very much at risk, in other words: they are particularly vulnerable to overall economic developments, such as growing international competition. Entire sectors, including mining, ship construction, and the steel and textiles industries are going bankrupt or being cut back in size, even though there is nothing to take their place. Hence, it is very important to ask how and whether these regions can cope with structural change and find a way of becoming economically powerful again—in the sense implied in the term resilience.
Against this background, the present paper
the resurgence of traditional industries, such as the steel and chemical industry in Kyushu and metal and machine industries in Kanto. METI considers it necessary to promote both types of industries for the resurgence of regional economies, as well as for Japanese economy as a whole.
Territories of regional bureaus of METI and Projects of the Industrial Cluster Plan
According to the Industrial Cluster Plan Promotion Office of METI (2004